Allocution
Allocution
A solemn form of address or speech from the throne employed by the Pope on certain occasions

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Allocution
    Allocution
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Allocution
    Allocution is a solemn form of address or speech from the throne employed by the Pope on certain occasions. It is delivered only in a secret consistory at which the Cardinals alone are present. The term allocutio was used by the ancient Romans for the speech made by a commander to his troops, either before a battle or during it, to animate and encourage them. The term when adopted into ecclesiastical usage retained much of its original significance. An allocution of the Pope often takes the place of a manifesto when a struggle between the Holy See and the secular powers has reached an acute stage. It then usually summarizes the points at issue and details the efforts made by the Holy See to preserve peace. It likewise indicates what the Pope has already conceded and the limit which principle obliges him to put to further concessions. A secret consistory of Cardinals, as opposed to a public and ceremonious one, is a meeting of those dignitaries in presence of the Pope to discuss matters of great importance concerning the well-being of the Church. At these secret consistories the Sovereign Pontiff not only creates Cardinals, bishops, and legates, but he also discusses with the Cardinals grave matters of State arising out of those mixed affairs, partly religious, partly civil, in which conflict can easily arise between Church and State. In such secret consistories the Cardinals have a consultative vote. When the Pope has reached a conclusion on some important matter, he makes his mind known to the Cardinals by means of a direct address, or allocution. Such allocations, though delivered in secret, are usually published for the purpose of making clear the attitude of the Holy See on a given question. They treat generally of matters that affect the whole Church, or of religious troubles in a particular country where ecclesiastical rights are infringed or endangered, or where heretical or immoral doctrines are undermining the faith of the people. Most of the subjects presented to the secret consistory have already been prepared in the consistorial congregation, which is composed of a limited number of Cardinals. These conclusions may be accepted or rejected by the Pope as he thinks proper. In matters of statecraft the Pontiff also takes counsel with those most conversant with the subject at issue and with his Secretary of State. His conclusions are embodied in the allocution. Among papal allocation of later times which attracted widespread attention from the importance or delicacy of the matters with which they dealt, may be mentioned those of Pius VII on the French Concordat (1802) and on the difficulties created by Napoleon for the Holy See (1808); those of Gregory XVI (see Pope Gregory XVI) referring to the troubles with Prussia concerning mixed marriages, and with Russia over forcible conversions to the schismatical Greek Church; those of Pius IX concerning the attacks on the Pope's temporal power, and of Pius X on the rupture with France occasioned by the breaking of the Concordat and the consequent separation of Church and State in that country.
    DE LUCA, Prælect. Jur. Can. (Rome, 1897), II, BOUIX De Curia Romana (Paris, 1880); BINDER, Conversationlex, (Ratisbon, 1846).
    WILLIAM H.W. FANNING
    Transcribed by the Cloistered Dominican Nuns of the Monastery of the Infant Jesus, Lufkin, Texas Dedicated to Pope John Paul II

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • allocution — [ a(l)lɔkysjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1705; lat. allocutio, de alloqui « haranguer » ♦ Discours familier et bref adressé par une personnalité, dans une circonstance particulière et à un public précis. Une allocution radiotélévisée du chef de l État. ⇒ 1.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • allocution — al·lo·cu·tion /ˌa lə kyü shən/ n [Latin allocutio, from alloqui to speak to, from ad to + loqui to speak]: a formal speech; esp: one made by a defendant at the time of sentencing Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Allocution — Al lo*cu tion, n. [L. allocuto, fr. alloqui to speak to; ad + loqui to speak: cf. F. allocution.] 1. The act or manner of speaking to, or of addressing in words. [1913 Webster] 2. An address; a hortatory or authoritative address as of a pope to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • allocution — ALLOCUTION. s. f. (On prononce les deux L.) Terme par lequel on désigne les harangues que les Généraux et les Empereurs Romains faisoient à leurs troupes. [b]f♛/b] On donne aussi dans ce sens le nom d Allocution aux médailles sur le revers… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Allocution — (v. lat. Allocutĭo, Anrede), 1) (röm. Ant.), Anrede, die ein Feldherr bes. vor der Schlacht zur Anfeuerung des Muthes u. der Tapferkeit an die Soldaten hielt; die beifällige Antwort der Truppen durch Erheben der Schilde od. durch Waffengetös od.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Allocution — Allocution, Anrede des Papstes an das Collegium der Cardinäle; wird nur über einen besonders wichtigen Gegenstand gehalten und vertritt häufig die Stelle eines Manifests …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • allocution — [al΄ō kyo͞o′shən, al΄əkyo͞o′shən] n. [L allocutio < alloqui, to speak to < ad , to + loqui, to speak] a formal address, esp. one warning or advising with authority …   English World dictionary

  • Allocution — Generally, to allocute in law means to speak out formally. In the field of apologetics, allocution is generally done in defense of a belief. In politics, one may allocute before a legislative body in an effort to influence their position on an… …   Wikipedia

  • Allocution —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Allocation. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ALLOCUTION — n. f. Discours, en général de peu d’étendue, adressé par un supérieur à ceux qu’il commande ou qu’il dirige. Après cette courte et vive allocution, il les conduisit à l’ennemi. Ce chef de fabrique a adressé à ses ouvriers une allocution vraiment… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

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