Gerard, Archbishop of York
Gerard, Archbishop of York
Date of birth unknown; died at Southwell, 21 May, 1108

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Gerard, Archbishop of York
    Gerard, Archbishop of York
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Gerard, Archbishop of York
    Date of birth unknown; died at Southwell, 21 May, 1108. He was a nephew of Walkelin, Bishop of Winchester, of Simon, Abbot of Ely, and connected with the royal family. Originally a precentor in Rouen cathedral, he became clerk in the chapel of William Rufus, who employed him in 1095 on a diplomatic mission to the pope. His success was rewarded with the Bishopric of Hereford, and he was consecrated by St. Anselm 8 June, 1096, having been ordained deacon ( see Deacons ) and priest on the previous day. On the accession of Henry I, in 100, he was made Archbishop of York and began a long contest with St. Anselm, in which he claimed equal primacy with Canterbury and refused to make his profession of canonical obedience before him. When he journeyed to Rome for the pallium, he was entrusted with the mission of representing the king against Anselm in the controversy about investitures. The pope's decision was against the king, but Gerard professed to have received private assurances that the decrees would not be enforced. This was denied by the monks who represented St. Anselm; and the pope, when appealed to, repudiated the statement and excommunicated Gerard till he confessed his error and made satisfaction.
    Eventually he professed obedience to St. Anselm, but continued to assert the independence of York. When Anselm refused to consecrate three bishops, two of whom had received investiture from the king, Gerard attempted to do so, but two refused to accept consecration at his hands. The pope reprimanded him for his opposition to the primate, and finally the two prelates were reconciled. Gerard carried out many reforms in York, though by his action against St. Anselm he incurred great unpopularity, and the writers of the time charge him with immorality, avarice, and the practice of magic. He died suddenly on the way to London to attend a council, and his death without sacraments was regarded as a Divine judgment. The canons refused to bury him within the cathedral, and the people pelted the hearse with stones. Some Latin verses by him are preserved in the British Museum (Titus. D. XXIV. 3).
    EDWIN BURTON
    Transcribed by Gerard Loiselle

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gerard (Archbishop of York) — Infobox Archbishop of York name = Gerard birth name = Gerard began = unknown consecration = December 1100 term end = 21 May 1108 predecessor = Thomas I successor = Thomas II birth date = birthplace = death date = 21 May 1108 deathplace =… …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Hutton (archbishop of York) — For the later Archbishop of York of the same name, see Matthew Hutton (archbishop of Canterbury). Matthew Hutton Archbishop of York Enthroned 1595 …   Wikipedia

  • Ancient See of York —     Ancient See of York     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ancient See of York     (EBORACENSIS).     The seat of metropolitan jurisdiction for the northern province. It is not known when or how Christianity first reached York, but there was a bishop… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Thomas II of York — Infobox Archbishop of York name = Thomas II of York birth name = Thomas began=unknown consecration = 27 June 1109 term end = 24 February 1114 predecessor = Gerard successor = Thurstan birth date = birthplace = death date =24 February 1114… …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Hutton (archbishop of Canterbury) — For the earlier Archbishop of York the same name, see Matthew Hutton (archbishop of York). Matthew Hutton Archbishop of Canterbury Enthroned 1757 …   Wikipedia

  • Martin I (Archbishop of Gniezno) — Martin [I] Archbishop of Gniezno Church Roman Catholic Church See Archdiocese of Gniezno …   Wikipedia

  • St. Gerard, Bishop of Toul —     St. Gerard, Bishop of Toul     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Gerard, Bishop of Toul     Born at Cologne, 935; died at Toul, 23 April, 994. Belonging to a wealthy and noble family, he received an excellent education in the school for clerics… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gerard — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Gerard imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = male meaning = strong/brave with the spear region = common in regions where Germanic and/or Romance languages are spoken origin = Germanic related names =… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers — The following is a list of Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers of the Great Seal of England and Great Britain. Contents 1 Lord Chancellors and Lord Keepers of England, 1068–1707 2 Lord High Chancellors and Lord Keepers of Great Britain,… …   Wikipedia

  • Chad of Mercia — For the 8th century bishop of Hereford, see Ceadda of Hereford. Chad Bishop of York Image of Chad in a stained glass window from Holy Cross Monastery, West Park, New York Diocese …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”