Allen, John
Allen, John
Priest and martyr. He was executed at Tyburn in the beginning of the year 1538

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Allen, John
     John Allen
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Allen
    (1476-1534)
    Archbishop of Dublin, canonist, and Chancellor of Ireland. He was educated at Oxford and Cambridge, graduated in the latter place, and spent some years in Italy, partly at Rome, for studies and for business of Archbishop Warham of Canterbury. He was ordained priest 25 August, 1499, and held various parochial benefices until 1522, about which time he attracted the attention of Cardinal Wolsey, whose supple and helpful commissary he was in the matter of the suppression of the minor monasteries. As such, his conduct, says Dr. Gairdner, "gave rise to considerable outcry, and complaints were made about it to the king". He continued to receive ecclesiastical advancement, assisted Wolsey in his legatine functions, among other things "in the collusive suit shamefully instituted by the Cardinal against the king in May, 1527, by which it was sought at first to have the marriage with Katharine declared invalid without her knowledge" (Gairdner). In the summer of the same year he accompanied the Cardinal on his splendid mission to France, and finally (August, 1528) was rewarded with the archiepiscopal see of Dublin. At the same time he was made by the king chancellor if Ireland (Rymer, "Foedera", London, 1728, XVI, 266, 268). He was relieved from asserting, against Armagh, the legatine authority of Wolsey by the latter's fall (October, 1529). With the rest of the English clergy he had to pay a heavy fine (1531) for violation of the "Statutes of Provisors" and "Praemunire", in recognizing the legatine authority of Wolsey, then, in the king's eyes, a heinous crime, and a reason for the cardinal's indictment. Allen wrote a treatise on the pallium, "Epistola de pallii significatione activa et passiva" on the occasion of his reception of this pontifical symbol, and another "De consuetudinibus ac statutis in tutoriis causis observandis." He seems also to have been a man of methodical habits, for in the archives of the Anglican archdiocese of Dublin are still preserved two important registers made by his order, the "Liber Niger", or Black Book, and the "Repertorium Viride", or Green Repertory, both so called, after the custom of the age, from the colour of the binding. The former is a "chartularium" of the archdiocese, or collection of its most important documents, and the latter a full description of the see as it was in 1530. Archbishop Allen was murdered near Dublin, 28 July, 1534. As a former follower of Wolsey, he was hated by the followers of the great Irish house of Kildare (Fitzgerald), whose chief, the ninth earl, had been imprisoned by Wolsey in the Tower from 1526 to 1530, and again, by the King, early in 1534. Soon a false rumour spread through Ireland that the earl had been put to death, and the archbishop was killed in consequence of it by two retainers of his son, the famous "Silken Thomas" Fitzgerald. It does not appear that Lord Thomas contemplated the crime or approved of it. He afterwards sent his chaplain to Rome to obtain absolution for him from the excommunication incurred by this murder. Sir James Ware says of Allen ("Works", ed. Harris, Dublin, 1764, ap. Webb, "comp. Of Irish Biogr.", Dublin, 1878, 3) that "he was of a turbulent spirit, but a man of hospitality and learning, and a diligent inquirer into antiquities." He belonged to the shifty and unprincipled class of which Thomas Cromwell (q.v.) was leader and mouthpiece, and he closed unworthily the series of the old Catholic archbishops of Dublin; his successor, George Browne, was a formal apostate and begins the list of the Protestant (Protestantism) prelates of the Anglican Church in Ireland.
    BRADY, Episcopal Succession in England, Ireland, and Scotland (Rome, 1876), I, 325 sqq.; GAIRDNER, in Dict. Of Nat. Biogr. (London, 1885); I, 305-307; WOOD, Athenae Oxonienses (ed. Bliss), I, 76; MEEHAN, in tr. DALY, Rise, Increase and Fall of the Geraldines, Earls of Desmond (Dublin, 1878), 53, 54; WARE, Annals of Ireland, ad an. 1534; COX, Hibernia Anglicana, 234; WARE, Irish Bishops (ed. Harris, Dublin, 1764), 347; BELLESHEIM, Gesch. D. kathol. Kirche in Irland (Mainz, 1890), II, 5, 6, 16, 17.
    THOMAS J. SHAHAN
    Transcribed by Sherry R. Stuck (St Vincent de Paul Catholic Church, Elkhart, Indiana. November 8, 1998.)
    
     John Allen
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Allen
    Priest and martyr. He was executed at Tyburn in the beginning of the year 1538, because he refused to subscribe to the ecclesiastical supremacy of Henry VIII.
    JOHN J. A'BECKET

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ALLEN, JOHN —    an M.D. of Scotch birth, and a contributor to the Edinburgh Review (1771 1843) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Allen, John \(Archbishop\) — • Archbishop of Dublin, canonist, and Chancellor of Ireland (1476 1534) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Allen, John Campbell —    T Solicitor general, New Brunswick, 1856, 41; opposition candidate in York, 1865, elected, 86; his sterling honesty, 87; attorney general in Smith government, 91; a Conservative, 91; appointed to the bench, 93, 95; chief justice, 87.    Bib.:… …   The makers of Canada

  • John Allen — may refer to:Artists*John Allen (guitarist), member of The Nashville TeensPoliticians*John Allen (Connecticut) (1763 ndash;1812), U.S. Representative from Connecticut *John B. Allen (1845 ndash;1943), First U.S. Senator from Washington *John J.… …   Wikipedia

  • John L. Allen, Jr. — John L. Allen, Jr. (born 1965) is a journalist who specializes in news about the Roman Catholic Church. He is senior correspondent for the National Catholic Reporter, an independent weekly, and the Vatican analyst of CNN and NPR. BiographyAllen… …   Wikipedia

  • John Kirby Allen — (1810 1838) was born in Canasareaugh, near Syracuse in the U.S. state of New York. He, along with his older brother, Augustus Chapman Allen, founded Houston, Texas in 1836. John Kirby Allen was never married. He died of congestive fever on August …   Wikipedia

  • John L. Allen, Jr. — John L. Allen, Jr. zusammen mit Papst Benedikt XVI. John L. Allen, Jr. (* 1965) arbeitet als Journalist für CNN und NPR mit den Spezialgebieten Römisch Katholische Kirche und Vatikan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Allen, Jr. — John L. Allen, Jr. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Allen et John Allen. John L. Allen, Jr. John L. Allen Jr. (1965 ) est un journal …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John L. Allen — John L. Allen, Jr. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Allen et John Allen. John L. Allen, Jr. John L. Allen Jr. (1965 ) est un journal …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John L. Allen Jr. — John L. Allen, Jr. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Allen et John Allen. John L. Allen, Jr. John L. Allen Jr. (1965 ) est un journal …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”