Gaudete Sunday
Gaudete Sunday
The third Sunday of Advent, so called from the first word of the Introit at Mass (Gaudete, i.e. Rejoice)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Gaudete Sunday
    Gaudete Sunday
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Gaudete Sunday
    The third Sunday of Advent, so called from the first word of the Introit at Mass (Gaudete, i.e. Rejoice). The season of Advent originated as a fast of forty days in preparation for Christmas, commencing on the day after the feast of St. Martin (12 November), whence it was often called "St. Martin's Lent"— a name by which it was known as early as the fifth century. The introduction of the Advent fast cannot be placed much earlier, because there is no evidence of Christmas being kept on 25 December before the end of the fourth century (Duchesne, "Origines du culte chrétien", Paris, 1889), and the preparation for the feast could not have been of earlier date than the feast itself. In the ninth century, the duration of Advent was reduced to four weeks, the first allusion to the shortened season being in a letter of St. Nicholas I (858-867) to the Bulgarians, and by the twelfth century the fast had been replaced by simple abstinence. St. Gregory the Great was the first to draw up an Office for the Advent season, and the Gregorian Sacramentary is the earliest to provide Masses for the Sundays of Advent. In both Office and Mass provision is made for five Sundays, but by the tenth century four was the usual number, though some churches of France observed five as late as the thirteenth century. Notwithstanding all these modifications, however, Advent still preserved most of the characteristics of a penitential seasons which made it a kind of counterpart to Lent, the middle (or third) Sunday corresponding with Laetare or Mid-Lent Sunday. On it, as on Laetare Sunday, the organ and flowers, forbidden during the rest of the season, were, permitted to be used; rose-coloured vestments were allowed instead of purple (or black, as formerly); the decon and subdeacon reassumed the dalmatic and tunicle at the chief Mass, and Cardinals wore rose-colour instead of purple. All these distinguishing marks have continued in use, and are the present discipline of the Latin Church. Gaudete Sunday, therefore, makes a breaker like Laetare Sunday, about midway through a season which is otherwise of a penitential character, and signifies the nearness of the Lord's coming. Of the "stations" kept in Rome the four Sundays of Advent, that at the Vatican basilica is assigned to Gaudete, as being the most important and imposing of the four. In both Office and Mass throughout Advent continual reference is made to our Lord's second coming, and this is emphasized on the third Sunday by the additional signs of gladness permitted on that day. Gaudete Sunday is further marked by a new Invitatory, the Church no longer inviting the faithful to adore merely "The Lord who is to come", but calling upon them to worship and hail with joy "The Lord who is now nigh and close at hand". The Nocturn lessons from the Prophecy of Isaias describe the Lord's coming and the blessings that will result from it, and the antiphons at Vespers re-echo the prophetic promises. The joy of expectation is emphasized by the constant Alleluias, which occur in both Office and Mass throughout the entire season. In the Mass, the Introit "Gaudete in Domino semper" strikes the same note, and gives its name to the day. The Epistle again incites us to rejoicing, and bids us prepare to meet the coming Saviour with prayers and supplication and thanksgiving, whilst the Gospel, the words of St. John Baptist, warns us that the Lamb of God is even now in our midst, though we appear to know Him not. The spirit of the Office and Liturgy all through Advent is one of expectation and preparation for the Christmas feast as well as for the second coming of Christ, and the penitential exercises suitable to that spirit are thus on Gaudete Sunday suspended, as were, for a while in order to symbolize that joy and gladness in the Promised Redemption which should never be absent from the heart of the faithful.
    G. CYPRIAN ALSTON
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gaudete Sunday — (pronEng|ɡaʊˈdɛteɪ) is the third Sunday of Advent in the Christian calendar. It can fall on any date from 11 December to 17 December. The term Gaudete is broadly translated from Latin as Rejoice , a word that appears in the entrance antiphon… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaudete Sunday —  Радостное Воскресенье2 …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Gaudete — ( Rejoice ) is a sacred Christmas carol, composed sometime in the 16th century, most likely in reference to Gaudete Sunday, the third Sunday in Advent. It is celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church falling between December 11 and December 17… …   Wikipedia

  • Sunday — is the day of the week between Saturday and Monday. In the Jewish law it is the first day of the Hebrew calendar week. In many Christian traditions it is the Christian Sabbath, which replaced the Jewish Shabbat.… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaudete (день) — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Gaudete. Рождественский венок. Розовая свеча соответствует воскресенью Gaudete Gaudete, Третье воскресенье Адве …   Википедия

  • Mothering Sunday — Not to be confused with Mother s Day. Gregorian dates for Mothering Sunday 2004 21 March 2005 6 March 2006 26 March 2007 18 March 2008 2 March 2009 22 March 2010 14 March 2011 3 April 2012 18 March 2013 …   Wikipedia

  • Laetare Sunday — (often pronEng|leɪˈtɑri in English), so called from the incipit of the Introit at Mass, Laetare Jerusalem ( O be joyful, Jerusalem ), is a name often used to denote the fourth Sunday of the season of Lent in the Christian liturgical calendar.… …   Wikipedia

  • Laetare Sunday — • The fourth, or middle, Sunday of Lent, so called from the first words of the Introit at Mass Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Laetare Sunday     Laetare Sunday      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Refreshment Sunday — is the fourth Sunday in Lent, also called Mothering Sunday, Mother s Day, Rose Sunday, and Laetare Sunday. The name Refreshment Sunday refers to the relaxation or breaking of one s Lenten fast on this day.Some traditions, notably those who also… …   Wikipedia

  • Advent Sunday — Infobox Holiday holiday name = Advent Sunday type = Christianity caption = observedby = Western Christianity date = Sunday nearest St Andrew s Day celebrations = Season of Advent observances = relatedto = Christmas DayAdvent Sunday is the first… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”