Famous Pharisee and Rabbi

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Gamaliel
    (Greek form of the Hebrew name meaning "reward of God").
    The name designates in the New Testament a Pharisee and celebrated doctor of the Law. Gamaliel is represented in Acts, v, 34 sqq., as advising his fellow-members of the Sanhedrin not to put to death St. Peter and the Apostles, who, notwithstanding the prohibition of the Jewish authorities, had continued to preach to the people. His advice, however unwelcome, was acted upon, so great was his authority with his contemporaries. We learn from Acts, xxii, 3, that he was the teacher of St. Paul; but we are not told either the nature or the extent of the influence which he exercised upon the future apostle of the Gentiles. Gamaliel is rightly identified with an illustrious Jewish doctor of the Law, who bore the same name and died eighteen years before the destruction of Jerusalem. In the Talmud, this Gamaliel bears, like his grandfather Hillel, the surname of "the Elder", and is the first to whom the title "Rabban", "our master", was given. He appears therein, as in the book of the Acts, as a prominent member of the highest tribunal of the Jews. He is also treated as the originator of many legal ordinances; as the father of a son, whom he called Simeon, after his father's name, and of a daughter who married the priest Simon ben Nathanael. The Jewish accounts make him die a Pharisee, and state that: "When he died, the honour of the Torah (the law) ceased, and purity and piety became extinct." At an early date, ecclesiastical tradition has supposed that Gamaliel embraced the Christian Faith, and remained a member of the Sanhedrin for the purpose of helping secretly his fellow-Christians (cf. Recognitions of Clement, I, lxv, lxvi). According to Photius, he was baptized by St. Peter and St. John, together with his son and with Nicodemus. His body, miraculously discovered in the fifth century, is said to be preserved at Pisa, in Italy.
    Talmud of Jerusalem; Photius, Bibliotheca, Cod. 171; Taylor, The Sayings of the Jewish Fathers (Cambridge, 1877); Fouard, St. Peter (tr., New York, 1893); Le Camus, L'oeuvre des Apôtres, I (Paris, 1905).
    Transcribed by Fr. Paul-Dominique Masiclat, O.P.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Gamaliel — (hebräisch aramäisch גמליאל, etwa „Gott versorgt mich“) ist der Name folgender Personen: Gamaliel I. (auch Gamaliel der Alte; † 50), jüdischer Patriarch Gamaliel II. (Rabban Gamliel de Jabneh; auch Rabban Gamliel beRibbi; † 114), jüdischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gamaliel — Gamaliel, KY U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 439 Housing Units (2000): 213 Land area (2000): 0.843551 sq. miles (2.184788 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.843551 sq. miles (2.184788 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Gamaliel — masc. proper name, from Gk. Gamaliel, from Heb. Gamli el, lit. reward of God …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gamaliel — [gə mā′lē əl, gəmāl′yəl] n. [LL < Gr Gamaliēl < Heb gamliel, lit., reward of God] Bible a teacher of Saul of Tarsus: Acts 22:3 …   English World dictionary

  • Gamalĭel — (hebr., d.i. mein Vergelter ist Gott), Enkel Hillels u. Sohn Simeons, jüdischer Gesetzlehrer, dessen Schüler der Apostel Paulus war, gehörte zu der gemäßigten Partei der Pharisäer u. rieth zu milden Maßregeln gegen die Christen. Man hält ihn für… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gamalĭel — Gamalĭel, Name mehrerer berühmter jüdischer Gesetzlehrer: 1) G. der ältere, Sohn des Patriarchen Simon und Enkel Hillels I., mit dem Ehrentitel Rabban (unser Lehrer), lebte zur Zeit der römischen Kaiser Tiberius, Caligula und Claudius, war… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gamaliel — oder Gamliel, der Sohn Simons und Enkel des großen Rabbi Hillel, selbst ein hochangesehener u. von den Talmudisten als »Herrlichkeit des Gesetzes« gepriesener Gesetzeslehrer. Er unterrichtete auch den Apostel Paulus, that im hohen Rath zu… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Gamaliel — m Biblical: name, apparently meaning ‘benefit of God’ in Hebrew, borne in the New Testament by a wise Pharisee (Acts 5: 34) and by a teacher of St Paul (Acts 22: 3), possibly the same person. In the Old Testament it is the name of the prince of… …   First names dictionary

  • GAMALIEL — fil. Phadssur, Princeps tribûs Manassis. Num. c. 1. v. 10. Item Pharisaeus quidam, Praeceptor D. Pauli Act. c. 22. v. 3. in Concil. Iudaeorum, Apostolorumque causam tuitus, Act. c. 5. v. 34. maximae inter suos Famae. Ad Christianismum accessisse… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Gamaliel — This article is about Gamaliel the Elder. For other individuals and uses see Gamaliel (disambiguation)Gamaliel the Elder (gəmā lēəl), or Rabbi Gamaliel I, was a leading authority in the Sanhedrin in the mid first century. He was the grandson of… …   Wikipedia

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