Allah
Allah
The name of God in Arabic

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Allah
    Allah
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Allah
    The name of God in Arabic. It is a compound word from the article, 'al, and ilah, divinity, and signifies "the god" par excellence. This form of the divine name is in itself a sure proof that ilah was at one time an appellative, common to all the local and tribal gods. Gradually, with the addition of the article, it was restricted to one of them who took precedence of the others; finally, with the triumph of monotheism, He was recognized as the only true God. In one form or another this Hebrew root occurs in all Semitic languages as a designation of the Divinity; but whether it was originally a proper name, pointing to a primitive monotheism, with subsequent deviation into polytheism and further rehabilitation, or was from the beginning an appellative which became a proper name only when the Semites had reached monotheism is a much debated question. It is certain, however, that before the time of Mohammed, owing to their contact with Jews and Christians, the Arabs were generally monotheists. The notion of Allah in Arabic theology is substantially the same as that of God among the Jews, and also among the Christians, with the exception of the Trinity, which is positively excluded in the Koran, cxii: "Say God, is one God, the eternal God, he begetteth not, neither is he begotten and there is not any one like unto him." His attributes denied by the heterodox Motazilites, are ninety-nine in number. Each one of them is represented by a bead in the Moslem chaplet, while on the one hundredth and larger bead, the name of Allah itself is pronounced. It is preposterous to assert with Curtiss (Ursemitische Religion, 119) that the nomadic tribes of Arabia, consider seriously the Oum-el-Gheith, "mother of the rain", as the bride of Allah and even if the expression were used such symbolical language would not impair, in the least, the purity of monotheism held by those tribes. (Cf. Revue Biblique, Oct., 1906, 580 sqq.) Let it be noted that although Allah is an Arabic term, it is used by all Moslems, whatever be their language, as the name of God.
    R. BUTIN
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas In Praise of the Holy Trinity

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Allāh — (arab. für al ilah). der Gott, dann überhaupt Gott. Theils in Gebeten, theils in Ausrufungen der Orientalen kommt A. häufig mit einem od. mehreren der 99 Epitheta Gottes in Verbindung vor. Allah Agbar (Allah Ekber), Gott ist groß, mächtig, Ausruf …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Allah — Allah. Zusammengesetzt ist dieses Wort aus »Al« und »Elah.« Es ist im Arabischen der Name Gottes und das Wort bezeichnet den »Verehrten und zu Verehrenden.« Muhamed legt dem Allah fast alle diejenigen Eigenschaften bei, welche die Bibel dem… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • ALLAH — Arabica, Deum notans, Turcis frequenti in usu. Charta Alboacem Regis Mauri Conimbricensis A. C. 734. apud Sandovallium in Rege Pavila, Si Christianus fuerit, (iverit) ad mesquidam vel dixierit male de Allah vel Mahamet, fiat Maurus, vel matent… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Allah — [al′ə, ä′lə, ä′lä΄, ä lä′] n. [Ar Allāh < al, the + ilāh, god, akin to Heb eloah, God] Islam God …   English World dictionary

  • Allah — Al lah, n. [ contr. fr. the article al the + ilah God.] The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs and the Mohammedans generally. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Allah — (arab.), Gott, im Koran Name des höchsten Wesens, zu dessen Verehrung Mohammed die Gläubigen verpflichtete, zusammengezogen aus dem arabischen Artikel al und ilâh, Gottheit, verwandt mit dem Êl und Eloah der Hebräer. Der Name A. ist in alle… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Allah — (aus al und ilâh), arab. Name Gottes …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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