All Souls' Day
All Souls' Day
The commemoration of all the faithful departed is celebrated by the Church on 2 November, or, if this be a Sunday or a solemnity, on 3 November

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

All Souls' Day
    All Souls' Day
     Catholic_Encyclopedia All Souls' Day
    The commemoration of all the faithful departed is celebrated by the Church on 2 November, or, if this be a Sunday or a solemnity, on 3 November. The Office of the Dead must be recited by the clergy and all the Masses are to be of Requiem, except one of the current feast, where this is of obligation.
    The theological basis for the feast is the doctrine that the souls which, on departing from the body, are not perfectly cleansed from venial sins, or have not fully atoned for past transgressions, are debarred from the Beatific Vision, and that the faithful on earth can help them by prayers, almsdeeds and especially by the sacrifice of the Mass. (See PURGATORY.)
    In the early days of Christianity the names of the departed brethren were entered in the diptychs. Later, in the sixth century, it was customary in Benedictine monasteries to hold a commemoration of the deceased members at Whitsuntide. In Spain there was such a day on Saturday before Sexagesima or before Pentecost, at the time of St. Isidore (d. 636). In Germany there existed (according to the testimony of Widukind, Abbot of Corvey, c. 980) a time-honoured ceremony of praying to the dead on 1 October. This was accepted and sanctified by the Church. St. Odilo of Cluny (d. 1048) ordered the commemoration of all the faithful departed to he held annually in the monasteries of his congregation. Thence it spread among the other congregations of the Benedictines and among the Carthusians. Of the dioceses, Liège was the first to adopt it under Bishop Notger (d. 1008). It is then found in the martyrology of St. Protadius of Besançon (1053-66). Bishop Otricus (1120-25) introduced it into Milan for the 15 October. In Spain, Portugal, and Latin America, priests on this day say three Masses. A similar concession for the entire world was asked of Pope Leo XIII. He would not grant the favour but ordered a special Requiem on Sunday, 30 September, 1888.
    In the Greek Rite this commemoration is held on the eve of Sexagesima Sunday, or on the eve of Pentecost. The Armenians celebrate the passover of the dead on the day after Easter.
    FRANCIS MERSHMAN
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas In Memory of Mr. Cherian Poovathumkal

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • All Souls' Day — The second day of November; a feast day of the Roman Catholic church, on which supplications are made for the souls of the faithful dead. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • All Souls' Day — All′ Souls ′ Day n. rel a day of solemn prayer for all dead persons, usu. on Nov. 2 • Etymology: 1550–60 …   From formal English to slang

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  • All Souls' Day — This article is about the Christian religious holiday. For the Latin American holiday, see Day of the Dead. For the 2005g film, see All Souls Day (film). For the Chinese holiday, see Qingming Festival. For the Buddhist holiday, see Ghost Festival …   Wikipedia

  • All Souls' Day — (2 November)    Also called Soulmas Day, Saumas, etc. This feast was devised by Abbot Odilo of Cluny (d. 1049), to pray for all the dead who have existed from the beginning of the world to the end of time . He set it in February, but it was soon… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • All Souls' Day — a day of solemn prayer for all dead persons, observed by Roman Catholics and certain Anglicans, usually on November 2. [1550 60] * * * In the Roman Catholic church, a day commemorating all the Christians believed to be in purgatory. Celebrated on …   Universalium

  • all-souls' day — The second of November, All Souls …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • All Souls' Day — noun a day of supplication for all the souls in purgatory • Syn: ↑November 2 • Hypernyms: ↑Christian holy day • Part Holonyms: ↑November, ↑Nov …   Useful english dictionary

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