Fowler, John
Fowler, John
Scholar and printer, b. at Bristol, England, 1537; d. at Namur, Flanders, 13 Feb., 1578-9

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Fowler, John
    John Fowler
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Fowler
    Scholar and printer, b. at Bristol, England, 1537; d. at Namur, Flanders, 13 Feb., 1578-9. He studied at Winchester School from 1551 to 1553, when he proceeded to New College, Oxford where he remained till 1559. He became B.A. 23 Feb., 1556-7 and M.A. in 1560, though Antony a Wood adds that he did not complete his degree by standing in comitia. On Elizabeth's accession he was one of the fifteen Fellows of New College who left of their own accord or were ejected rather than take the Oath of Supremacy (Rashdall, History of New college, 114). This disposes of the calumny circulated by Acworth in his answer to Sander, called "De visibili Romanarchia", to the effect that Fowler took the oath to enable him to retain the living of Wonston in Hampshire. There is, indeed, no trace of any desire on his part to receive Holy orders and he subsequently married Alice Harris, daughter of Sir Thomas More's secretary. On leaving Oxford he withdrew to Louvain, where like other scholars of his time he turned his attention to the craft of printing. His intellectual attainments were such as to enable him to take high rank among the scholar-printers of that age. Thus Antony a Wood says of him: "He was well skilled in the Greek and Latin tongues, a tolerable poet and orator, and a theologian not to be contemned. So learned he was also in criticisms and other polite learning, that he might have passed for another Robert or Henry Stephens. He did diligently peruse the Theological Summa of St. Thomas of Aquin, and with a most excellent method did reduce them into a Compendium." To have a printing press abroad in the hands of a competent English printer was a great gain to the Catholic cause, and Fowler devoted the rest of his life to this work, winning from Cardinal Allen the praise of being catholicissimus et doctissimus librorum impressor. The English Government kept an eye on his work, as we learn from the state papers (Domestic, Eliz. 1566-1579), where we read the evidence of one Henry Simpson at York in 1571, to the effect that Fowler printed all the English books at Louvain and that Dr. Harding's Welsh servant, William Smith, used to bring the works to the press. He seems to have had a press at Antwerp as well as at Louvain, for his Antwerp books range from 1565 to 1575, whereas his Louvain books are dated 1566, 1567 and 1568; while one of his publications, Gregory Martin's "Treatise of Schism" bears the impress, Douay, 1578. More thorough bibliographical research than has yet been made into the output of his presses will probably throw new light upon his activity as a printer. The original works or translations for which he was personally responsible are: "An Oration against the unlawful Insurrections of the Protestants of our time under pretence to reforme Religion" (Antwerp, 1566), translated from the Latin of Peter Frarinus, which provoked a reply from Fulke; "Ex universâ summâ Sacrae Theologiae Doctori os S. Thomae Aquinatis desumptae conclusiones" (Louvain, 1570); "M. Maruli dictorum factorumque memorabilium libri VI" (Antwerp, 1577); "Additiones in Chronica Genebrandi" (1578); "A Psalter for Catholics", a controversial work answered by Sampson; epigrams and verses. The translation of the "Epistle of Orosius" (Antwerp, 1565), ascribed to him by Wood and Pitts, was really made by Richard Shacklock. Pitts also states that he wrote in English a work "Ad Ducissam Feriae confessionis forma", Fowler also edited Sir Thomas More's "Dialogue of Comfort against Tribulation" (Antwerp, 1573).
    EDWIN BURTON
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fowler, John — ▪ British engineer born July 11, 1826, Melksham, Wiltshire, Eng. died Dec. 4, 1864, Ackworth, Yorkshire       English engineer who helped to develop the steam hauled plow. He began his career in the grain trade but later trained as an engineer.… …   Universalium

  • Fowler (surname) — Fowler is an English and/or Irish surname with a linguistic origin in the Old English fugelere , indicative of a person occupied as a bird catcher.cite book last=Seary | first=E. R. | coauthors=Sheila M. P. Lynch | title=Family Names of the… …   Wikipedia

  • John Fowler (Eisenbahningenieur) — John Fowler John Fowler, Gravurbild von 1868 von Thomas Oldham Barlow nach einem Portrait von Sir Joh …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Fowler & Co. — Engineers of Leathley Road, Hunslet, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England produced traction engines and ploughing implements and equipment, as well as railway equipment. Fowler also produced the Track Marshall tractor which was a tracked version of the …   Wikipedia

  • John Fowler & Co. — John Fowler (* 11. Juli 1826 in Melksham, Wiltshire; † 4. Dezember 1864 in Ackworth, Yorkshire) war ein englischer Erfinder und Ingenieur[1]. Fowler studierte Ingenieurwissenschaften in Middlesbrough on Tees. Um 1850 erfand er ein System zur… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Fowler —     John Fowler     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Fowler     Scholar and printer, b. at Bristol, England, 1537; d. at Namur, Flanders, 13 Feb., 1578 9. He studied at Winchester School from 1551 to 1553, when he proceeded to New College, Oxford… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fowler — can refer to:PlacesAny of the following places:;Australia * Division of Fowler, an electoral district in the Australian House of Representatives, in New South Wales;United States * Fowler, California, a town in Fresno County * Fowler, Colorado, a …   Wikipedia

  • John Trevisa — or John of Trevisa (1342 1402), translator, was a Cornishman, educated at Oxford, who became Vicar of Berkeley, Gloucestershire, chaplain to the 4th Lord Berkeley, and Canon of Westbury on Trym. He translated for his patron the Polychronicon of… …   Wikipedia

  • John Edgar Fowler — (1866 1930) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from the state of North Carolina in the United States Congress.References*CongBio|F000323|name=FOWLER, John Edgar|inline=1 …   Wikipedia

  • John Treadwell Nichols — (* 11. Juni 1883 in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts; † 10. November 1958 in Garden City, Long Island, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Zoologe. Sein Forschungsschwerpunkt war die Ichthyologie. Leben und Wirken John Treadwell Nichols war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”