Felix II
Felix II
Pope (more properly Antipope), 355-358; d. 22 Nov., 365

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Felix II
    Felix II
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Felix II
    Pope (more properly Antipope), 355-358; d. 22 Nov., 365.
    In 355 Pope Liberius was banished to Beraea in Thrace by the Emperor Constantius because he upheld tenaciously the Nicene definition of faith and refused to condemn St. Athanasius of Alexandria. The Roman clergy pledged itself in solemn conclave not to acknowledge any other Bishop of Rome while Liberius was alive. ("Marcellini et Fausti Libellus precum", no.1 : "Quae gesta sunt inter Liberium et Felicem episcopos" in "Collectio Avellana", ed. Gunter; Hieronymus, "Chronicon", ad an. Abr. 2365). The emperor, however, who was supplanting the exiled Catholic bishops with the bishops of Arian ( see Arianism ) tendencies, exerted himself to install a new Bishop of Rome in place of the banished Liberius. He invited to Milan Felix, archdeacon of the Roman Church; on the latter's arrival, Acacius of Caesarea succeeded in inducing him to accept the office from which Liberius had been forcibly expelled, and to be consecrated by Acacius and two other Arian ( see Arianism ) bishops. The majority of the Roman clergy acknowledged the validity of his consecration but the laity would have nothing to do with him and remained true to the banished but lawful pope.
    When Constantius visited Rome in May, 357, the people demanded the recall of their rightful bishop Liberius who, in fact, returned soon after signing the third formula of Sirmium. The bishops, assembled in that city of Lower Pannonia, wrote to Felix and the Roman clergy advising there to receive Liberius in all charity and to put aside their dissensions; it was added that L.iberius and Felix should together govern the Church of Rome. The people received their legitimate pope with great enthusiasm, but a great commotion rose against Felix, who was finally driven from the city. Soon after, he attempted, with the help of his adherents to occupy the Basilica Julii (Santa Maria in Trastevere), but was finally banished in perpetuity by unanimous vote of the Senate and the people. He retired to the neighbouring Porto, where he lived quietly till his death. Liberius permitted the members of the Roman clergy, including the adherents of Felix, to retain their positions. Later legend confound the relative positions of Felix and Liberius. In the apocryphal "Acta Felicis" and "Acta Liberii", as well as in the "Liber pontificalis", Felix was portrayed as a saint and confessor of the true Faith. This distortion of the true facts originated most probably through confusion of this Felix with another Felix, a Roman martyr of an earler date.
    According to the "Liber Pontificalis", which may be registering here a reliable tradition, Felix built a church on the via Aurelia. It is well known that on this road was buried a Roman martyr, Felix; hence it seems not improbable that apropos of both there arose a confusion (see FELIX I) through which the real story of the antipope was lost and he obtained in local Roman history the status of a saint and a confessor. As such he appears in the Roman Martyrology on 29 July.
    J.P. KIRSCH
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Felix II — Félix II L antipape Félix II, de 355 à 365, était autrefois considéré comme un pape légitime. Il est en quelque sorte situé entre Libère et Damase Ier. Au lendemain de la déportation du pape Libère en décembre 355 par l empereur Constance II le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FELIX II — FELIX II. in locum Liberii, in exilium missi, ab Arianis surrogatus, praeparato ad inaugurationem eius, iussu Constantii, vice templi, Palatio, ubi tres Praesules haeretici manus ei imposuêrunt De illo vide Socrat. l. 2. Sozom. l. 4. Theodoret. l …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Felix II. — Als Felix II. werden folgende Personen bezeichnet: Felix II. (Gegenpapst), 356–365 Felix II. (Trier), Bischof von Trier, 384–398 Felix II. (Papst), Papst von 483–492; nach anderer Zählung auch oftmals als Felix III. bezeichnet Diese Seite ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Felix (II) — ▪ antipope died Nov. 22, 365, Porto, near Rome       antipope from 355 to 365. Originally an archdeacon, Felix was irregularly installed as pope in 355 after the emperor Constantius (Constantius II) banished the reigning pope, Liberius. In May… …   Universalium

  • Felix II. (Gegenpapst) — Felix II. († 22. November 365 in Portus Romae) war von 355 bis 358 ein Papst oder Gegenpapst der römisch katholischen Kirche und wird teilweise als Märtyrer und Heiliger angesehen. Er gilt im Allgemeinen eher als Gegenpapst denn als Papst. Um die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Felix II. (Papst) — Felix II. († 1. März 492) war Bischof von Rom von 483 bis zu seinem Tode. Sein Name ist lateinisch und bedeutet „der Glückliche“. In einer anderen Zählung erscheint er als Felix III., weil es von 355 bis 358 einen Papst Felix II. gab, der teils… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Felix II. (Begriffsklärung) — Als Felix II. werden folgende Personen bezeichnet: Felix II. (Gegenpapst), 356–365 Felix II. (Trier), Bischof von Trier, 384–398 Felix II., Papst von 483–492; nach anderer Zählung auch oftmals als Felix III. bezeichnet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Félix II (antipapa) — San Félix II Antipapa de la Iglesia católica Antipapa Félix II. La imagen corresponde a la lista de papas de la Basílica de San Pablo Extramuros, en el tiempo en que se consideraba un papa legíti …   Wikipedia Español

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