Evagrius
Evagrius
Church historian (536-594)
Short article on this important fourth-century author of ascetical writings

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Evagrius
     Evagrius Scholasticus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Evagrius Scholasticus
    Ecclesiastical historian and last of the continuators of Eusebius of Caesarea, b. in 536 at Epiphania in Coele-Syria; d. after 594, date unknown. He followed the profession of advocate at Antioch (hence his surname) and became the friend of the Patriarch Gregory (569-594), whom he successfully defended in presence of the Emperor Maurice and of the Council at Constantinople (588). Having already been appointed questor by Tiberius II (578-582), he received from Maurice the title of honorary prefect (ex praefectis). Evagrius, a product of the masters of rhetoric, made a collection of the reports, letters, and decisions which he had written for the Patriarch Gregory. Another collection contained discourses of Evagrius, among them a panegyric of the Emperor Maurice and his son Theodosius. These have all been lost. None of his works survive except his "Ecclesiastical History" in six books. In this he proposes to write the sequel of the narrative begun by Eusebius of Caesarea and continued by Socrates, Sozomen, and Theodoret. He begins with the Council of Ephesus (431) and ends with the twelfth year of the reign of the Emperor Maurice (593-594). This work is very important for the history of the religious controversies of the fifth and sixth centuries, Nestorianism, Eutychianism, and the last phases of Monophysitism. Evagrius furnishes details concerning events and persons, and does not neglect works of art (St. Sophia, H.E., IV, 31). To political history he gives an important place; in a word, he is an authority of the first order for this period. He is sincere, and is conscientious in securing information. But he shares the ideas of his environment and of his time. In his defence of Constantine he goes so far as to deny the murder of Crispus and Faustina. He relates wonders and legends, and it is to him we owe the account of the blood that was taken up with a sponge at certain times from the body of St. Euphemia of Chalcedon (II, 3). Among the sources of his information he mentions the chronicle of Eustathius of Antioch, and the works of Procopius, Menander Protector, John of Epiphania, and John Malalas (whom he calls John the Rhetorician). While he relies on these authors, he does so with discretion. In his ecclesiastical attitude he is strictly orthodox and abides strictly by the decrees of Chalcedon; nevertheless, he judges the heretics with moderation. His was an equable mind, and he is a reliable guide.
    PAUL LEJAY
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight
    
     Evagrius Ponticus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Evagrius Ponticus
    Born about 345, in Ibora, a small town on the shores of the Black Sea; died 399. He is numbered among the more important ascetical writers of the fourth century. Instructed by St. Gregory Nazianzen, he was ordained reader by St. Basil the Great and deacon ( see Deacons ) by St. Gregory of Nyssa (380), whom he accompanied to the Second Council of Constantinople (381). According to Palladius, who differs in his account from Socrates and Sozomen, Evagrius remained for a time as archdeacon in Constantinople, while Nectarius was patriarch (381-397). Leaving the city on account of its spiritual dangers, he went first to Jerusalem and then into the Nitrian Desert, where he began an eremitical life under the guidance of the younger Macarius (383). He steadfastly refused a bishopric offered by Theophilus of Alexandria. He became very celebrated for his ascetical life and writings, though St. Jerome (e.g. Ep. 133 ad Ctesiphontem, n. 3) charges him with Origenistic errors and calls him the precursor of Pelagius. The Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Ecumenical Councils condemn Evagrius together with Origen. Rufinus and Gennadius translated the works of Evagrius into Latin; several of them have been lost or have not thus far been recovered (P.L., XL). The best collections of his works are edited by Bigot (Paris, 1680); Gallandi, "Biblioth. vet. patr.", VII, 551-581; Migne, "P.G.", XL; cf. also Elter, "Gnomica" (Leipzig, 1892); Zöckler, "Evagrius Pontikus" (Munich, 1893). We may here name: "Monachus seu de vita activa"; "Rerum monachalium rationes earumque juxta quietem adpositio"; "De octo vitiosis cogitationibus".
    A.J. MAAS
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Evagrius — or Euagrius may refer to:*Evagrius of Constantinople (fourth century), bishop of Constantinople *Evagrius of Antioch (fourth century), bishop of Antioch *Evagrius Ponticus (346 399), Christian mystic *Evagrius Scholasticus (sixth century),… …   Wikipedia

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  • Evagrius — Evagrius, genannt Scholasticus, geb. 536–37 zu Epiphania in Syrien, leistete als Sachwalter zu Antiochia dem Patriarchen Gregor erhebliche Dienste, wurde Quästor, Präfect u. st. nach 594 hochangesehen. Erhalten ist sein Hauptwerk, eine… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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  • Evagrius Ponticus — Evagrius Ponticus, or Evagrius the Solitary (345 399 A.D.) was a Christian monk and ascetic. One of the rising stars in the late fourth century church, he was well known as a keen thinker, a polished speaker, and a gifted writer. Throughout his… …   Wikipedia

  • Evagrius Scholasticus — (536/537 after 594), an ecclesiastical historian, who wrote six books, covering a period of 163 years, from the Second Council of Ephesus in 431 to the 12th year of the emperor Maurice (594).He was born at Epiphania (Homs) in Coele Syria in… …   Wikipedia

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  • EVAGRIUS Scholasticus — scriptor Eccles. Historiae, quae libris sex constat; Eam inchoat, ab A. C. 431. ubi Socrates ac Theodoretus desiêre; perducit vero usque ad annum Mauritii duodecimum, ut quidem ip se testatur in fine operis, atque ex eo Photius Tmem. 29. Vide… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Evagrius of Edessa — was Bishop of Edessa and early Christian historian.He was the first to claim that Jesus had sent a divinely wrought image of himself to king Abgar of Edessa. In fact he seems to be the first person to have alleged that any icon was made by the… …   Wikipedia

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