Euthalius
Euthalius
A deacon of Alexandria and later Bishop of Sulca

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Euthalius
    Euthalius
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Euthalius
    ()
    A deacon ( see Deacons ) of Alexandria and later Bishop of Sulca. He lived towards the middle of the fifth century and is chiefly known through his work on the New Testament in particular as the author of the "Euthalian Sections". It is well known that the divisions into chapters and verses with which we are familiar were entirely wanting in the original and early copies of the New-Testament writings; there was even no perceptible space between words. To obviate the manifest inconveniences arising from this condition of the text, Ammonius of Alexandria, in the third century, conceived the idea of dividing the Four Gospels into sections varying in size according to the substance of the narrative embodied in them, and Euthalius, following up the same idea, extended a similar system of division to the other books of the New Testament with the exception of the Apocalypse. So obvious were the advantages of the scheme that it was soon adopted throughout the Greek Church. As divisions of the text these sections have no longer any intrinsic value. But as they were at a given period adopted in nearly all the Churches, and noted by the copyists, they are valuable as chronological indications, their presence or absence being an important circumstance in determining the antiquity of a manuscript.
    Other labours of Euthalius in connexion with the text of the New Testament refer to the larger sections or lessons to be read in the liturgical services, and to the more minute divisions of the text called , or verses. The custom of reading portions of the New Testament in the public liturgical services was already ancient in the Church, but with regard to the choice and delimitation of the passages there was little or no uniformity, the Churches having, for the most part, each its own series of selections. Euthalius elaborated a scheme of divisions which was soon universally adopted. Neither the Gospels nor the Apocalypse enter into this series, but the other portions of the New Testament are divided into 57 sections of varying length, 53 of which are assigned to the Sundays of the year, while the remaining four refer probably to Christmas, the Epiphany, Good Friday, and Easter.
    The idea of dividing the Scriptures into , or verses, did not originate with Euthalius. It had already been applied to portions of the Old Testament, especially to the poetical parts, and even to some parts of the New. Here, as with regard to the other divisions, Euthalius only carried out systematically and completed a scheme which had been but partially and imperfectly realized by others, and his work marks a stage of that progress which led finally to punctuation of the text. These were of unequal length, either containing a few words forming a complete sense, or as many as could be conveniently uttered with one breath. Thus, for instance, the Epistle to the Romans contained 920 of these verses; Galatians, 293; Hebrews, 703; Philemon, 37, and so on.
    Besides these textual labours Euthalius framed a catalogue of the quotations from the Old Testament and from profane authors which are found in the New- Testament writings. He also wrote a short "Life of St. Paul" and a series of "Argumenta" or short summaries which are placed by way of introduction to the different books of the New Testament. Of Euthalius' activities as a bishop little or nothing is known. Even the location of his episcopal see, Sulca, is a matter of doubt. It can hardly be identified with the bishopric of that name in Sardinia. More likely it was situated somewhere in Egypt, and it has been conjectured that it is the same as Psilka, a city of the Thebaid in the neighbourhood of Syene.
    After having long lain in oblivion, the works of Euthalius were published in Rome, in 1698, by Lorenzo Alessandro Zaccagni, Prefect of the Vatican Library. They are embodied in the first volume of his "Collectanea Monumentorum Veterum Ecclesiæ Græcæ ac Latinæ." They can also be found in Gallanci (Biblioth. Pat., X, 197) and in Migne (P. G., LXXXV, 621).
    VIGOUROUX in Dict. de la Bible, s. v.; MILLIGAN in Dict. of Christian Biography, s. v.; SCRIVENER, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament (London, 1894), 53, 63, 64, etc.
    JAMES F. DRISCOLL
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to Fr. John Hilkert, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Euthalius — was a deacon of Alexandria and later Bishop of Sulca. [CathEncy|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05629b.htm|title=Euthalius] He lived towards the middle of the fifth century and is chiefly known through his work on the New Testament in… …   Wikipedia

  • EUTHALIUS — incertae Ecclesiae Diaconus, natione Graecus, scripsit in Epistolas S. Pauli Collectanea Gr. S. PP. edit. Veron. A. C. 1532. Londini, A. C. 1635. Besodnerus antem ipsum tantum collocat inter Commentatores ad Rom. et Corinth. ut et bolduanus.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Euthalius — (? fourth/fifth century)    Devotional Writer.    Euthalius was the supposed author of a collection of editorial work on the New Testament. This includes a division of the books into chapters, a collection of Old Testament quotations relevant to… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Euthalius — Euthalios Editeur du Nouveau Testament, probablement au IVe siècle On lui doit une édition des Actes des Apôtres, des épîtres catholiques et du corpus paulinien selon une mise en page du texte par petites unités de sens, per cola et commata… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stichometry — is a term applied to the measurement (μέτρον) of ancient texts by στίχοι (lit. rows ) or verses of a fixed standard length.It was the custom of the Greeks and Romans to estimate the length of their literary works by measured lines. In poetical… …   Wikipedia

  • Codex Coislinianus — New Testament manuscripts papyri • uncials • minuscules • lectionaries Uncial 015 Page with text …   Wikipedia

  • Manuscripts of the Bible — • Manuscripts are written, as opposed to printed, copies of the original text or of a version either of the whole Bible or of a part thereof Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Manuscripts of the Bible     Manuscript …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gregory the Illuminator — Infobox Saint name=Saint Gregory the Illuminator hy. Գրիգոր Լուսաւորիչ he. Γρηγόριος Φωστήρ birth date= circa 257 death date= circa 331 feast day= Armenian Christian June 9; Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic, September 30 venerated in=Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Codex Alexandrinus — New Testament manuscripts papyri • uncials • minuscules • lectionaries Uncial 02 …   Wikipedia

  • Pamphilus of Caesarea — Infobox Saint name=Saint Pamphilus of Caesarea birth date=c. latter half of the 3rd century death date=February, 309 feast day=June 1 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church Eastern Orthodox Church imagesize= caption= birth place=Beirut, modern day… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”