Alexander V
Alexander V
Pietro Philarghi, born c. 1339, on the island of Crete (Candia), whence his appellation, Peter of Candia; elected 26 June, 1409; died at Bologna, 3 May, 1410

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Alexander V
    Alexander V
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Alexander V
    Pietro Philarghi, born c. 1339, on the island of Crete (Candia), whence his appellation, Peter of Candia; elected 26 June, 1409; died at Bologna, 3 May, 1410. A homeless beggar-boy in a Cretan city, knowing neither parents nor relations, he became the protégé of a discerning Capuchin friar, from whom he received an elementary education and under whose guidance he became a Franciscan in a Cretan monastery. The youth gave promise of extraordinary ability, and was sent to enjoy the superior educational advantages of Italy. He studied later at Oxford and finally at Paris where he distinguished himself as professor, preacher, and writer. He Is the author of a good commentary on the "Sentences" of Peter Lombard. During his stay at Paris the Great Schism (1378-1417) rent the Church, and Philarghi was ranged among the partisans of Urban VI (1375-89). Returning to Italy, he found a place in the court of Giovanni Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan, where he acted as tutor to his sons and ambassador on important missions. Through the favour of the Visconti he was made successively Bishop of Piacenza, in 1386; of Vicenza, in 1387; of Navoya, in 1389; and finally Archbishop of Milan, in 1402. In 1405 Pope Innocent VII made him Cardinal, and turned his ability and his friendship with the Visconti to advantage by confirming him as papal legate to Lombardy. Henceforth his history becomes a part of that of the Schism. The Cardinal of Milan was foremost among the advocates of a council. To this end he approved of the withdrawal of the Cardinals of Gregory XII from their obedience, sanctioned the agreement of the rival colleges of cardinals to join in a common effort for unity, and negotiated with Henry IV of England and the Archbishop of Canterbury to secure England's neutrality. He thus incurred the displeasure of Gregory XII, who deprived him of the archbishopric of Milan, and even declared him to be shorn of the cardinalitial dignity. At the Council of Pisa (25 March, 1409) Cardinal Philarghi was the leading spirit. He preached the opening sermon, a scathing condemnation of the tenacity of the rival popes and presided at the deliberations of the theologians who declared these popes heretics and schismatics.
    On 26 June, 1409, he was the unanimous choice of the Cardinals to fill the presumably vacant Papal Chair. His stainless character, vast erudition, world-wide experience, and tried administrative ability, together with the fact that he had neither country nor relations in the riven Catholic world to favour, gave promise of glory to the Papacy and peace to the Church. Alexander V soon found all nations in sympathy with him, save Spain and Scotland and some Italian cities whose interests were bound up in the legitimacy of the stubborn Benedict XIII. He was destined, however, to rule but ten months. His pontificate was marked by unsuccessful efforts to reach Rome, then in control of King Ladislas of Naples, whom Alexander deprived of his kingdom in favour of Louis II of Anjou. Detained by Cardinal Cossa in Bologna, the stronghold of that self-seeking adviser, he died there under circumstances which led the enemies of Cossa, who succeeded Alexander V as John XXIII, to bring before the Council of Constance the now discredited charge that he had poisoned the Pisan pope. Alexander lived long enough to disappoint the hopes his election inspired. His legitimacy was soon questioned and the world was chagrined to find that instead of two popes it now had three. His ardour for reform diminished. Generous to a fault, he scattered favours with undiscriminating munificence. The mendicant orders were unduly favoured by being confirmed in privileges which parish priests and the theological faculties resented as encroaching on their rights. Whether or not Alexander was a true pope is a question which canonists and historians of the Schism still discuss. The Church has not pronounced a definite opinion nor is it at all likely that she will. The Roman "Gerarchia Cattolica", not an authoritative work, which prior to 1906 contained a chronological list of the popes, designated Alexander V as the 211th pope, succeeding Gregory XII, resigned. (See PAPACY.) His remains are interred in the church of St. Francis at Bologna in a tomb magnificently restored in 1889 under the direction of Leo XIII.
    [Editor's Note: A New Advent reader offers this information on Pope Alexander V: "Pope Alexander V was not born in the Island of Crete, which at that time bore the Venetian name of "Candia." He was born in the hamlet of Candia in Lomellina, south of Novara, which exists today in the Italian region of Piedmont, but at that time part of the Duchy of Milan. He was a Crusinallo from the Counts Crusinallo. Crusinallo is today a suburb of Omegna on the northern shore of Lake Orta, which is north of Novara. In the enclosed convent on the Island of S. Giulio, on Lake Orta, there is a fresco depicting Pope Alexander V enthroned, accompanied by the coat of arms of the Crusinallos and encircled by a Latin inscription which describes him as Pope Alexander V of the Crusinallo family."]
    J. B. PETERSON
    Transcribed by Gerard Haffner

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander V. — Alexander V. ist der Name folgender Personen: Alexander V. (Makedonien) († 294 v. Chr.), König von Makedonien (296 bis 294 v. Chr.) Alexander V. (Gegenpapst) (1340–1410), Gegenpapst (1409 bis 1410) Alexander V. (Georgien), König von Westgeorgien… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ALEXANDER V — ALEXANDER V. Cretensis, in Concilio Pisano, post Gregorium 12. Papa electus, liberalitate insignis. Dixit se fuisle divitem Episcopum, pauperem Cardinalem, Pontificem mendicum. Obiit Bononiae A. C. 1410. Pontificatûs 10. Mense, vide supra. Item,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Alexander (V) — ▪ antipope byname  Peter Of Candia,  Italian  Pietro Di Candia, original  Greek  name Petros Philargos  born c. 1339, Candia, Crete died May 3, 1410, Bologna, Papal States       antipope from 1409 to 1410.       Alexander became a Franciscan… …   Universalium

  • Alexander V — 1340? 1410, Cretan ecclesiastic: pope 1409 10. * * * …   Universalium

  • Alexander V — 1340? 1410, Cretan ecclesiastic: pope 1409 10 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alexander V. (Makedonien) — Alexander V. († 294 v. Chr.) war der dritte Sohn des früheren makedonischen Königs Kassander und Thessalonike, einer Schwester Alexander des Großen. In den Jahren 297–294 v. Chr. war er zusammen mit seinem Bruder Antipater I. König von Makedonien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander V of Imereti — ( ka. ალექსანდრე V) (c. 1703/4 – 1752), of the Bagrationi Dynasty, was King of Imereti (western Georgia) from 1720 to 1741 and again from 1742 until his death in March 1752.The eldest son of George VII of Imereti, he was brought up at the court… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander V of Macedon — Alexander V (d. 294 BC) was the third and youngest son of Cassander and Thessalonica of Macedon, who was a half sister of Alexander the Great.cite encyclopedia | last = Elder | first = Edward | authorlink = | title = Alexander | editor = William… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education — 396 U.S. 1218 (1969) was a 1969 case for the Supreme Court of the United States ordering desegregation of schools in the American South.BackgroundJustice Felix Frankfurter demanded that the opinion in 1955 s Brown v. Board of Education II order …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander v. Sandoval — Infobox SCOTUS case Litigants=Alexander v. Sandoval ArgueDate=January 16 ArgueYear=2001 DecideDate=April 24 DecideYear=2001 FullName= James Alexander, Director, Alabama Department of Public Safety, et al., Petitioners v. Martha Sandoval,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”