Embolism
Embolism
An insertion, addition, interpretation. The word has two specific uses in the language of the Church; in the prayer and in the calendar

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Embolism
    Embolism
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Embolism
    (Greek: embolismos, from the verb, emballein, "to throw in")
    Embolism is an insertion, addition, interpretation. The word has two specific uses in the language of the Church:
    I. IN THE PRAYER
    The prayer which, in the Mass, is inserted between the Our Father and the Fraction of the Bread: "Libera nos, quæsumus, Domine, ab omnibus malis", etc. It is an interpretation of the last petition. The embolism may date back to the first centuries, since, under various forms, it is found in all the Occidental and in a great many Oriental, particularly Syrian, Liturgies. The Greek Liturgies of St. Basil and St. John Chrysostom, however, do not contain it. In the Mozarabic Rite this prayer is very beautiful and is recited not only in the Mass, but also after the Our Father at Lauds and Vespers. The Roman Church connects with it a petition for peace in which she inserts the names of the Mother of God, Sts. Peter and Paul, and St. Andrew. The name of St. Andrew is found in the Gelasian Sacramentary, so that its insertion in the Embolismus would seem to have been anterior to the time of St. Gregory. During the Middle Ages the provincial churches and religious orders added the names of other saints, their founders, patrons, etc., according to the discretion of the celebrant (see MICROLOGUS)
    II. IN THE CALENDAR
    In the calendar this term signifies the difference of days between the lunar year of only 354 days and the solar year of 365.2922 days. In the Alexandrian lunar cycle of 19 years, therefore, seven months were added, one each in the second, fifth, eighth, eleventh, thirteenth, sixteenth, and nineteenth (the embolistic) years. Each embolistic year had 13 lunar months, or 384 days. The lunar calendar was called Dionysian, because Dionysius Exiguus, in the sixth century, recommended the introduction of the Alexandrian Easter cycle of 19 years and computed it for 95 years in advance.
    LERCH, Einleitung in die Chronologie (Freiburg, 1899), II, 26 sqq.; GROTEFEND, Zeitrechnung (Leipzig, 1898); Liturgia Mozarabica (Paris, 1862); EBNER, Quellen und Forschungen zum Missale Romanum (Freiburg, 1896), 425 sqq.; MASKELL, The Ancient Liturgy of the Church of England (Oxford, 1882).
    F.G. HOLWECK.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Embolism — Em bo*lism, n. [L. embolismus, from Gr. ? to throw or put in, insert; cf. ? intercalated: cf. F. embolisme. See {Emblem}.] 1. Intercalation; the insertion of days, months, or years, in an account of time, to produce regularity; as, the embolism… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • embolism — late 14c., intercalation of days into a calendar, from O.Fr. embolisme, from L.L. embolismus insertion of days in a calendar to correct errors, from Gk. embolimos, embolme insertion, or embolos a plug, wedge (see EMBOLUS (Cf. embolus)). Medical… …   Etymology dictionary

  • embolism — ► NOUN Medicine ▪ obstruction of an artery, typically by a clot of blood or an air bubble. ORIGIN Greek embolismos, from emballein insert …   English terms dictionary

  • embolism — [em′bə liz΄əm] n. [ME embolisme < LL embolismus < Gr embolismos, intercalary < embolos: see EMBOLUS] 1. the intercalation of a day, month, etc. into a calendar, as in leap year 2. the time intercalated 3. Med. a) the obstruction of a… …   English World dictionary

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  • Embolism — The obstruction of a blood vessel by a foreign substance or a blood clot blocking the vessel. Something travels through the bloodstream, lodges in a vessel and plugs it. Foreign substances that can cause embolism include an air bubble, amniotic… …   Medical dictionary

  • embolism — n. the condition in which an embolus becomes lodged in an artery and obstructs its blood flow. The most common form of embolism is pulmonary embolism, in which a blood clot is carried in the circulation to lodge in the pulmonary artery. An… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • embolism — embolismic, adj. /em beuh liz euhm/, n. 1. Pathol. the occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus. 2. intercalation, as of a day in a year. 3. a period of time intercalated. 4. (in a Eucharistic service) the prayer following the final petitions of …   Universalium

  • embolism — gas bubble disease (supersaturated gases (>115 125%) in water entering the the body fluids of fish causing bubbles, an embolism. Often seen in gills, eyes, skin and yolk sacs where membranes are the most gas permeable. Fish often swim upside down …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • embolism — n. a coronary embolism * * * [ embəlɪz(ə)m] a coronary embolism …   Combinatory dictionary

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