Eleutheropolis
Eleutheropolis
A titular see in Palaestina Prima

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Eleutheropolis
    Eleutheropolis
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Eleutheropolis
    A titular see in Palaestina Prima. The former name of this city seems to have been Beth Gabra, "the house of the strong men", which later became Beît Djibrîn, "the house of Gabriel". Vespasian slaughtered almost all its inhabitants, according to Josephus, De Bell. Jud., IV., viii, 1, where its name is written Betaris. In A.D. 200 Septimius Severus, on his Syrian journey changed its name to Eleutheropolis, and it soon became one of the most important cities of Judea. Its special era, which figures on its coins and in many inscriptions, began 1 January, A.D. 200. (See Echos d'Orient, 1903, 310 sq.; 1904,215 sq.) Its first known bishop is Macrinus (325);five others are mentioned in the fourth and two in the sixth century (Lequien, Or. Christ., III, 631). In 393, during the episcopate of Zebennus, the Relics of the Prophets Habakuk and Micah were found at Ceila and Tell Zakariya near Eleutheropolis (Sozom., H.E., VII, xxix). At Eleutheropolis was born St. Epiphanius, the celebrated bishop of Salamis in Cyprus; at Ad in the neighbourhood he established a monastery which is often mentioned in the polemics of St. Jerome with Rufinus and John, Bishop of Jerusalem. The city was, moreover, an important monastic centre at least till the coming of the Arabs. The latter beheaded (638) at Eleutheropolis fifty soldiers of the garrison of Gaza who had refused to apostatize. They were buried in a church built in their honour. (See Anal. Bolland., 1904, 289 sq., and Echos d'Orient, 1905, 40 sq.) The city was destroyed by the Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ) in 796 in the civil wars. The Crusaders erected there a fortress, in 1134, under Fulco of Anjou; the Knights of St. John, to whom it was committed, restored at this time the beautiful Byzantine church at Sandahanna. The citadel was taken in 1187 by Saladin, conquered in 1191 by Richard Lion Heart, destroyed in 1264 by Sultan Bibars, and rebuilt in 1551 by the Turks. Today Beît Djibrîn is a village with about 1000 Mussulman inhabitants, on the road from Jerusalem to Gaza, in a fertile and very healthy region. The medieval fortress still stand, about 180 feet square; there are also remains of the walls, ruins of a cloister, and of a medieval church. In the neighbourhood are remarkable grottoes, which filled St. Jerome with wonderment. Some of these grottoes were used in early Christian times as places of worship; others bear Arabic inscriptions.
    Reland, Palaestina (Utrecht, 1714), 749-754; Smith, Diet. of Greek and Roman Geogr. (London, 1878)s.v. Bethograbis.
    S. VAILHÉ
    Transcribed by Marjorie P. Godfrey

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eleutheropolis — ( city of the free ) was the Greek name of a Roman city in Palestine (modern Israel), some 53 km southwest of Jerusalem. Its remains still straddle the ancient road to Gaza. Though no secure identification can be made with any site in the Hebrew… …   Wikipedia

  • Eleutheropolis — bezeichnet: antike Stadt bei Bet Guwrin Eleutheropolis in Macedonia Eleutheropolis in Palaestina Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eleutheropŏlis — (a. Geogr.), Stadt in Palästina zwischen Jerusalem u. Askalon, die erst im, 3. Jahrh. n.Chr. angelegt zu sein scheint u. eine der angesehensten Städte Palästinas wurde …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eleutheropŏlis — (früher Bethogabris), Stadt im südlichen Palästina, an der Straße von Jerusalem nach Askalon, wurde von Septimius Severus 202 mit Gerechtsamen ausgestattet; jetzt Bet Dschibrin …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eleutheropolís — Eleutheropolís, röm. Name des jüd. Betogabra (»Heldenort«), Stadt im südl. Palästina …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • ELEUTHEROPOLIS — urbs Palaestinae, in tribu Iuda, 8. mill. ab hebrone in Occ. 20. ab Hierosolyma Gazam versus. Ab hac, tamquam celebriloco, multorum locorum distantias metitur Hier. in Loc. Hebr …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Eleutheropolis — Eleutherọpolis,   antike Stadt im südlichen Palästina südwestlich von Jerusalem, ursprünglicher Name Baitogabra, heute Bet Guvrin, Israel. Eleutheropolis spielte als Kreuzfahrerfestung eine Rolle; 1187 wurde die Stadt von Saladin zerstört, 1551… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Eleutheropolis in Palaestina — Eleutheropolis in Palestina ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der römischen Provinz Syria Palaestina bzw. Palaestina Prima. Es gehörte zur Kirchenprovinz Caesarea in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Eleutheropolis in Macedonia — (ital.: Eleuteropoli di Macedonia) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf ein ehemaliges Bistum in der gleichnamigen antiken Stadt in der römischen Provinz Macedonia im heutigen Norden Griechenlands.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Элевтерополь — (Eleutheropolis) в римское еще время город Бет Габрин (т. е. Место героев), а теперь большое мусульманское селение в Южной Палестине, в 40 км к юго вост. от Иерусалима, на большой дороге в Аскалон и Газу. Э., бывший одно время цветущим городом… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”