Dungal
Dungal
Irish monk, teacher, astronomer, and poet who flourished about 820

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Dungal
    Dungal
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Dungal
    Irish monk, teacher, astronomer, and poet who flourished about 820. He is mentioned in 811 as an Irish priest and scholar at the monastery of St-Denis near Paris. In that year he wrote a letter to Charlemagne explaining the eclipse of the sun which was supposed to have taken place in 810. In one of Alcuin's letters (M. G., Epp., IV, 437) he is alluded to as a bishop. In 823 he is mentioned in a "capitulary" of Lothair, and in 825 in an imperial decree by which he was appointed "master" of the school at Pavia. This is the last mention of Dungal in the public records of the empire. In 827 or 828 he appeared against Claudius, Bishop of Turin, in a work defending the veneration of images. From the fact that he bequeathed his books to the library of St. Columbanus at Bobbio it is inferred that he spent his last days in the Irish monastery on the Trebbia. The date of his death is unknown. His books, many of them at least, were transferred by Cardinal Federigo Borromeo to the Ambrosian Library in Milan, where they now are.
    Some historians doubt whether the Dungal of St-Denis and the adversary of Claudius are one person. The prevalent opinion, however, is that they are one and the same. In his letter to Charlemagne Dungal brings to bear on the question of eclipses a knowledge of astronomy far beyond the current ideas of the time. His "Reply" to Claudius is enriched with many citations from the Greek and Latin Fathers and from the liturgical hymns of the Church. The poems ascribed in most manuscripts to Exul Hibernicus are believed by Dümmler, editor of the "Poetæ Ævi Carolini", to have been written by Dungal, who like many of his fellow-exiles from Ireland styles himself peregrinus, exul, pauper et peregrinus. Only three of them bear the name Dungal. They are interesting from many points of view, especially from that of the historian who searches the records of Charlemagne's reign for the all too scanty references to the personal feelings and the attitude of mind of the Irish scholars who flocked to the Continent of Europe in the ninth century. Yet they do not enable us to determine when and where Dungal was born, though from the fact that among his books which he presented to the Library of Bobbio is the "Antiphonary of Bangor", it is inferred that he spent the ears of his student life in Ireland at the famous Bangor school. Mabillon published a ninth-century poem from which it appears that Dungal enjoyed among his contemporaries a reputation for more than ordinary learning.
    Neues Arciv der Gesllsch. f. deutsche Geschichskunde, IV, 254; Poetæ ævi Carolini, (Berlin, 1881), I, 393; MURATORI, Antiq. Ital., III, dis. xliii; TIRABOSCHI, Storia della letter. italiana, III, 163; Catholic University Bulletin (Washington, 1907), XIII, 11 sqq.
    WILLIAM TURNER
    Transcribed by Thomas J. Bress

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dungal — de Bangor ou Saint Dungal, était un moine irlandais, né en Irlande et mort en 827, qui fut astronome de Charlemagne. Biographie Ce moine irlandais est formé à la brillante abbaye de Bangor (3000 moines)[1]. Comme de nombreux moines irlandais il… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dungal — Dungal, ein Schotte, entweder ein Mönch zu St. Denys od. Lehrer der Schule zu Pavia im 9. Jahrh.; unter D s Namen sind bekannt: Lateinische Gedichte (im 6. Bde. von Martène s u. Durand s Collectio amplissima), Epistola ad Carolum M. de duplici… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dúngal mac Selbaig — was king of Dál Riata. His reign can best be placed in the years 723 to 726, beginning with the abdication of his father, Selbach mac Ferchair, who entered a monastery, and ending with rise of Eochaid mac Echdach of the Cenél nGabráin. The High… …   Wikipedia

  • Dungal (disambiguation) — Dungal may also refer to: People Saint Dungal Dungal of Bobbio Indrechtach mac Dungalaig Dúngal Eilni mac Scandail Dúngal mac Amalgado Dúngal mac Cellaig Dúngal mac Selbaig or Dungal of Dalriada Places Dungal, Guinea Bissau, near Badancar Reyhan… …   Wikipedia

  • Dungal of Bobbio — Dungal redirects here. For other uses, see Dungal (disambiguation). The Irish monk Dungal lived at Saint Denis, Pavia and Bobbio. He wrote a poem on wisdom and the seven liberal arts and advised Charlemagne on astronomical matters.[1] He died… …   Wikipedia

  • Dúngal mac Amalgado — (or Dúngal Cnogba) (died 759) was a King of Brega from the Uí Chonaing sept of Cnogba (Knowth) of the Síl nÁedo Sláine branch of the southern Ui Neill. He was the son of Amalgaid mac Congalaig (died 718) and brother of Conaing mac Amalgado (died… …   Wikipedia

  • Dungal mac Selbaich — Dúngal mac Selbaich Dúngal mac Selbaich roi des Scots de Dál Riata de 723 à 726 et prétendant de 733 à 736 (?). Devenu roi en 723 après l’abdication de son père Selbach mac Ferchair[1], Dúngal mac Selbaich l impétueux est crédité d un régne de 7… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dúngal Mac Selbaich — roi des Scots de Dál Riata de 723 à 726 et prétendant de 733 à 736 (?). Devenu roi en 723 après l’abdication de son père Selbach mac Ferchair[1], Dúngal mac Selbaich l impétueux est crédité d un régne de 7 ans par le Duan Albanach. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dúngal mac selbaich — roi des Scots de Dál Riata de 723 à 726 et prétendant de 733 à 736 (?). Devenu roi en 723 après l’abdication de son père Selbach mac Ferchair[1], Dúngal mac Selbaich l impétueux est crédité d un régne de 7 ans par le Duan Albanach. Il est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dúngal mac Selbaich — roi des Scots de Dál Riata de 723 à 726 et prétendant de 733 à 736 (?). Sommaire 1 Premier règne 2 Prétendant 3 Notes …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”