Desecration
Desecration
The loss of that peculiar quality of sacredness, which inheres in places and things in virtue of the constitutive blessing of the Church

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Desecration
    Desecration
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Desecration
    Desecration is the loss of that peculiar quality of sacredness, which inheres in places and things in virtue of the constitutive blessing of the Church. When material objects are destined for purposes of Divine worship they are set aside with a view to this end by the solemn form of consecration or by the simpler formula of a blessing, so that they assume a sacred and inviolable character which renders unlawful their employment for profane uses. Now when they lose this stamp or character of sacredness they are said to become desecrated. As a general principle it may be set down that places and things, which have been either consecrated or blessed, retain their consecration and blessing so long as they remain, morally speaking, the same as they were in the beginning, and consequently, so long as they continue fit to serve the purposes for which they were originally destined. The opinion was formerly held by some that sacred utensils, such as chalices, which are anointed with holy oil should, before being sent to a mechanic for repairs, be deprived of their sacred character by a special ceremony of desecration. This view was condemned by the Congregation of Rites (n. 2620, ed. 1900). Such a ceremony is entirely superfluous. For if a sacred utensil becomes broken and unfit for use it thereby loses its consecration; while if it is still fit for use but requires regilding, no ceremony could desecrate it. In this instance permission, express or implied, should be obtained from the ordinary to hand it over to a mechanic for repairs (cf. Gardellini, Commentary on Decrees of C. S. R., 225). Should consecrated vessels become altogether unfit for altar use, they may be melted down and devoted to profane uses. But vestments, altar cloths and linens must, in similar circumstances, be destroyed, because they retain the form under which they were originally blessed (cf. Gardellini, loc. cit).
    The word desecration is commonly used in regard to churches, altars, chalices, etc.
    (1) A church loses its consecration or blessing when the building is destroyed either wholly or in greater part, or when an addition is made to it of larger extent than the original edifice. It does not become desecrated:
    ♦ (a) if a portion of the walls and roof falls in, provided the main portion stands, or
    ♦ (b) if all the interior plastering becomes detached, or
    ♦ (c) if all the crosses disappear, or
    ♦ (d) if all the walls are gradually renewed, provided on each occasion the old part is greater than the new, or
    ♦ (e) if converted for a while to profane uses, provided it is not polluted (cf. Many, De Locis Sacris).
    (2) An altar (fixed) loses its consecration:
    ♦ (a) by a notable fracture of table or its support; as, for instance, if the table were broken into two large pieces, or if an anointed corner were broken off, or if the support were seriously impaired, or if one of the columns were displaced;
    ♦ (b) by removal of the table from its support, so as to disjoint them;
    ♦ (c) by displacing the Relics, or cover of the sepulchre (cf. Schulte, Consecranda, p. 222).
    (3) An altar-stone loses its consecration:
    ♦ (a) by removal of the Relics;
    ♦ (b) by fracture or removal of the cover of the sepulchre;
    ♦ (c) by a notable fracture of the stone;
    ♦ (d) by breakage of the anointed corner of stone.
    (4) As to the chalice and paten, see ALTAR, under subtitle Loss of Consecration.
    Decretalium, III, Tit., xl, xlviii; WERNZ, Jus Decretalium (Rome, 1901), Tit., xvii; MANY, De Locis Sacris (Paris, 1904); SCHULTE, Consecranda (New York, 1907).
    PATRICK MORRISROE.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DESECRATION — (Heb. חִלּוּל, ḥillul; lit., desanctification or profanation ). In the Bible Desecration occurs when the holy is replaced by the profane or impure, the difference between the two being that the impure must be purified before it can be… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Desecration — Des e*cra tion, n. The act of desecrating; profanation; condition of anything desecrated. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • desecration — [des΄i krā′shən] n. a desecrating or being desecrated SYN. SACRILEGE * * * See desecrater. * * * …   Universalium

  • desecration — index blasphemy, defilement, misusage, profanity, violation Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • desecration — 1717, noun of action from DESECRATE (Cf. desecrate) …   Etymology dictionary

  • desecration — *profanation, sacrilege, blasphemy Analogous words: defilement, pollution (see corresponding verbs at CONTAMINATE) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • desecration — [n] violation, abuse blasphemy, debasement, defilement, impiety, irreverence, profanation, sacrilege; concepts 246,252 Ant. honor, praise, sanctification …   New thesaurus

  • desecration — [des΄i krā′shən] n. a desecrating or being desecrated SYN. SACRILEGE …   English World dictionary

  • Desecration — For other uses, see Desecration (disambiguation). Desecration (also called desacralization or desanctification) is the act of depriving something of its sacred character, or the disrespectful or contemptuous treatment of that which is held to be… …   Wikipedia

  • desecration — desecrate ► VERB ▪ treat (something sacred) with violent disrespect. DERIVATIVES desecration noun desecrator noun. ORIGIN from DE (Cf. ↑de ) + a shortened form of CONSECRATE(Cf. ↑consecration) …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”