Corporation Act of 1661
Corporation Act of 1661
Belongs to the general category of test acts, designed for the express purpose of restricting public offices to members of the Church of England

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Corporation Act of 1661
    Corporation Act of 1661
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Corporation Act of 1661
    The Corporation Act of 1661 belongs to the general category of test acts, designed for the express purpose of restricting public offices to members of the Church of England. Though commonly spoken of as one of the "Penal Laws", and enumerated by Butler in his "Historical Account of the Laws against the Roman Catholics of England", it was not directly aimed against them, but against the Presbyterians. It was passed in December, 1661, the year after the Restoration, technically 13 Charles II. Parliament was at that time entirely reactionary. The Cavaliers were in power, and they aimed at nothing short of restoring England to its state before the time of the Commonwealth. It required all the prudence of the Earl of Clarendon, the chancellor, to restrain them. The Corporation Act represents the limit to which he was prepared to go in endeavouring to restrict the power of the Presbyterians. They were influentially represented in the government of cities and boroughs throughout the country, and this act was designed to dispossess them. It provided that no person could be legally elected to any office relating to the government of a city or corporation, unless he had within the previous twelve months received the sacrament of "the Lord's Supper" according to the rites of the Church of England. He was also commanded to take the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, to swear belief in the Doctrine of Passive Obedience, and to renounce the Covenant. In default of these requisites the election was to be void. A somewhat similar act passed twelve years later, known as the Test Act, prescribed for all officers, civil and military, further stringent conditions, including a declaration against Transubstantiation. These two acts operated very prejudicially on Catholics, forming an important part of the general Penal Code which kept them out of public life. In later times the number, even of non-Catholics, who qualified for civil and military posts in accordance with their provisions was very small, and an "Act of Indemnity" used to be passed annually, to relieve those who had not done so from the penalties incurred. There was no expression in this act limiting its operation to the case of Protestants (Protestantism); yet on the only occasion when a Catholic ventured to ask for a share in the Indemnity, it was refused on the ground of the act not being applicable to him. (Butler, op. cit., 19.) The Corporation Act remained nominally in force throughout the eighteenth century. It was eventually repealed in 1828, the year before Catholic Emancipation.
    BERNARD WARD.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corporation Act de 1661 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Corporation Act de 1661 es una ley del Parlamento de Inglaterra (13 Cha. II. St. 2 c. 1). Pertenece a la categoría general de las Test Act destinada a la restricción de oficinas públicas en Inglaterra por parte de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corporation Act 1661 — The Corporation Act of 1661 is an Act of the Parliament of England (13 Cha. II. St. 2 c. 1). It belongs to the general category of test acts, designed for the express purpose of restricting public offices in England to members of the Church of… …   Wikipedia

  • Act of Uniformity 1662 — The Act of Uniformity was an Act of the Parliament of England, 14 Charles II c. 4 (1662), which required the use of all the rites and ceremonies in the Book of Common Prayer in Church of England services. It also required episcopal ordination for …   Wikipedia

  • 1661 in England — Events from the year 1661 which occurred in the Kingdom of England.Incumbents*Monarch Charles II of EnglandEvents* 6 January The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. George Monck s regiment defeats them. * 30… …   Wikipedia

  • History of borough status in England and Wales — Borough is a term for an historic unit of lower tier local government in England and Wales. The ancient boroughs covered only important towns and were established by charters granted at different times by the monarchy. Their history is largely… …   Wikipedia

  • Test Act — The Test Acts were a series of English penal laws that served as a religious test for public office and imposed various civil disabilities on Roman Catholics and Nonconformists. The principle that none but persons professing the Established… …   Wikipedia

  • Municipal Corporations Act 1835 — The Municipal Corporations Act 1835 Parliament of the United Kingdom Long title An Act to provide for the Regulation of Municipal Corporations in England and Wales Statute book chapter …   Wikipedia

  • List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament, 1660 to 1699 — This is a list of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament during that body s existence prior to the Act of Union of 1707. For legislation passed after that date see List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom Parliament.The numbers… …   Wikipedia

  • County Borough of Leeds — For the settlement, see Leeds. For the current metropolitan administrative boundaries, see City of Leeds. City of Leeds County Borough of Leeds Motto: PRO REGE ET LEGE …   Wikipedia

  • Europe, history of — Introduction       history of European peoples and cultures from prehistoric times to the present. Europe is a more ambiguous term than most geographic expressions. Its etymology is doubtful, as is the physical extent of the area it designates.… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”