Sudan, Vicariate Apostolic of
Sudan, Vicariate Apostolic of
    Vicariate Apostolic of Sudan
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Vicariate Apostolic of Sudan
    The Vicariate Apostolic of Sudan or Central-Africa (SUDANENSIS SEU AFRICÆ CENTRALIS), in North-Eastern Africa, includes the whole Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, the part of Egypt south of Assuan, the French territory from Fezzan to 10° N. lat., parts of Adamaua and Sokoto on Lake Tchad, and the Nile Province of Uganda Protectorate.
    It was erected on 3 April, 1846, by Gregory XVI (see Pope Gregory XVI). In 1851 the Emperor Francis Joseph I of Austria took the mission under his protection. From 1883 to 1898 the Sudan (then an Egyptian province) was closed by the insurrection of the Mahdi Mohammed Ahmed and his successor Khalifa Abdullahi, and the missionaries were compelled to work outside the circuit of their jurisdiction in Egypt. On 2 Sept., 1898, the Anglo-Egyptian army, which in 1896 had begun operations for the recovery of the lost provinces, completed the overthrow of the Khalifa, although he was not slain until November of the following year. The country still suffers from the effects of the Dervish oppression, during which it was largely depopulated, wide tracts having gone out of cultivation and trade having been abandoned. In 1899 mission work was recommenced. The two religious congregations, the Sons of the Sacred Heart and the Pious Mothers of Nigritia furnish missionaries and sisters to the vicariate, and the two periodical papers "La Nigrizia" (Verona) and "Stern der Neger" (Brixen) print articles about this mission. The number of inhabitants is uncertain, perhaps about eight millions. Missionary work is limited to the southern and heathen part with the Shillouki Dinka, Nuer, Jur, Golo, Nyam-Nyam, and other negro tribes. In the northern and Mohammedan part are some European and Oriental Catholic immigrants.
    Statistics: — stations at Assuan, Omdurman, Khartoum (central station); Lul and Atigo (White Nile); Wau, Kayango, and Cleveland (Bahrel-Ghazal); Omach and Gulu (Uganda); besides twenty-five localities provided excurrendo. Catholics, 3000; catechumens, 1030; priests, 35; brothers, 28; sisters, 45. Vicar Apostolic, Francis Xavier Geyer, Bishop of Trocmade.
    FRANCIS XAVIER GEYER
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vicariate Apostolic of Sahara —     Vicariate Apostolic of Sahara     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Vicariate Apostolic of Sahara     The Sahara is a vast desert of northern Africa, measuring about 932 miles from north to south and 2484 miles from east to west, and dotted with… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vicariate Apostolic of Sudan — The Vicariate Apostolic of Sudan, or in full Vicariate Apostolic of Sudan or Central Africa, was a Roman Catholic missionary jurisdiction in North Eastern Africa, including parts of several (semi )colonial states. HistoryThe Vicariate Apostolic… …   Wikipedia

  • Vicariate Apostolic of Sahara — The Vicariate Apostolic of Sahara is a former Roman Catholic missionary jurisdiction in colonial Algeria and Libya.HistoryThe Sahara is a vast desert of northern Africa, measuring about 932 miles from north to south and 2484 miles from east to… …   Wikipedia

  • Vicariate Apostolic —     Vicariate Apostolic     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Vicariate Apostolic     The following is an account of the newly erected vicariates Apostolic and of those changed so recently as not to have been included in the earlier volumes of this work …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Prefecture Apostolic of Welle —     Prefecture Apostolic of Welle     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Prefecture Apostolic of Welle     Located in the extreme north of Belgian Congo, Africa, separated by a Decree of the Propaganda on 12 May, 1898, from the Vicariate Apostolic of the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Prefecture Apostolic of Welle — The Prefecture Apostolic of Welle was a Roman Catholic missionary jurisdiction located in the extreme north of Belgian Congo, Central AfricaHistoryThe Prefecture Apostolic was separated by a Decree of the Propaganda Fide on 12 May, 1898, from the …   Wikipedia

  • Sudan — • The Vicariate Apostolic of Sudan or Central Africa Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Apostolic vicariate — An apostolic vicariate is a form of territorial jurisdiction of the Catholic Church established in missionary regions and countries which do not have a diocese. It is therefore essentially provisional, though it may last for a century or more.… …   Wikipedia

  • Prefecture Apostolic —     Prefecture Apostolic     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Prefecture Apostolic     (SUPPLEMENTAL LIST)     An account is here given of the prefectures Apostolic that have been erected or changed during the publication of the earlier volumes of this… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Culture of Somaliland — Part of a series on the Culture of Somaliland …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”