St. Swithin
St. Swithin
    St. Swithin
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Swithin
    (SWITHUN).
    Bishop of Winchester; died 2 July, 862.
    Very little is known of this saint's life, for his biographers constructed their "Lives" long after his death and there is hardly any mention of him in contemporary documents. Swithin was one of the two trusted counsellors of Egbert, King of the West Saxons (d. 839), helping him in ecclesiastical matters, while Ealstan of Sherborne was his chief advisor He probably entrusted Swithin with the education of his son Ethelwulf and caused the saint to be elected to the Bishopric of Winchester in succession to Helmstan. His consecration by Ceolnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury, seems to have taken place on 30 October, 852. On his deathbed Swithin begged that he should be buried outside the north wall of his cathedral where passers-by should pass over his grave and raindrops from the eaves drop upon it.
    More than a century later (931) his body was translated with great pomp to a shrine within the new church erected by Bishop Ethelwulf (d. 984). A number of miraculous cures took place and Swithin was canonized by popular acclamation. In 1093 his remains were again translated to the new church built by Bishop Walkelin. The shrine was destroyed and the Relics scattered in 1538.
    It has often been said that the saint was a Benedictine monk and even Prior of Winchester but there is no evidence for this statement. From the first translation of his Relics in 984 till the destruction of the shrine St. Swithin was the patron of Winchester Cathedral. He is best known from the popular superstition attached to his name and expressed in the following rhyme:
    St. Swithin's day if thou dost rain For forty days it will remain St. Swithin's day if thou be fair For forty days 'twill rain nae mair.
    There have been many attempts to explain the origin of this belief, but none have proved generally satisfactory. A similar belief attaches in France to 8 June, the feast of Sts. Gervasius and Protasius, and to other feasts in different countries (see Notes and Queries, 1885, XII, 137, 253). St. Swithin's feast is kept on 15 July, the date of his first translation, and is retained in the Anglican Calendar.
    The materials for the saint's life will be found in Acta SS., July, I, 321 sqq. See also POTTHAST, Wegweiser, 1588; HUNT in Dict. Nat. Biog., s.v. Swithun; HARDY, Descriptive Catalogue, I (1862), ii, 513 sqq.
    RAYMUND WEBSTER

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • St. Swithin — Swithin von Winchester, auch Swithun oder Svithun (* um 800 in Hampshire; † 2. Juli 862 in Winchester) ist der Name eines englischen Heiligen der römisch katholischen Kirche (2. Juli) und der anglikanischen Kirche (15. Juli). Swithin stammte aus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St Swithin — (d. 862)    Swithin (or, more properly, Swithun) was Bishop of Winchester. As a mark of humility, when he was dying he asked to be buried out of doors, where he would be trodden on and rained on; in the following century he was regarded as a… …   A Dictionary of English folklore

  • St Swithin's Day — noun 15 July • • • Main Entry: ↑saint * * * St Swithin s Day 7 [St Swithin s Day] [ˌsnt ˈswɪðɪnz deɪ] [ˌseɪnt ˈswɪðɪnz deɪ] noun 15 July, a Christian festival. In Britain it is said that if it rains on this day it will rain for the next fort …   Useful english dictionary

  • St Swithin's day — ► NOUN ▪ 15 July, a Church festival commemorating St Swithin and popularly believed to be a day on which, if it rains, it will continue raining for the next forty days …   English terms dictionary

  • St Swithin, London Stone — Infobox church name = St. Swithin, London Stone fullname = color = imagesize = caption = Current photo of site landscape = denomination = Roman Catholic, Anglican diocese = parish = division = subdivision = founded date = founder = architect =… …   Wikipedia

  • (St.) Swithin, London Stone —    On the north side of Cannon Street at No.113, at the south west corner of St. Swithin s Lane (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook Ward.    Earliest mention found in records : S. Swithun de Candelwryhttestrate, 1271 2 (Ct. H.W. I. 10).    Other names… …   Dictionary of London

  • St. Swithin's Day (comics) — The story is said by Morrison to be based upon his diaries and is also said to be partly autobiographical.Publication historyIt originally appeared in Trident (which was Trident Comics anthology title) issues 1 4 in black and white. In 1990 it… …   Wikipedia

  • (St.) Swithin's Lane —    South out of King William Street, at No. I, to 3 Cannon Street (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook Ward.    Earliest mention: St. Swithin lane, 1278 (Ct. H.W. I. 34).    Other names and forms: Lane of St. Swythin, 1306 7 (ib. 184). Swythunes lane,… …   Dictionary of London

  • St Swithin’s Day — the Christian church festival of St Swithin, held on 15 July. According to traditional belief in Britain, if it rains on this day it will continue to rain for 40 days afterwards. * * * …   Universalium

  • St Swithin's day — noun 15 July, a Church festival commemorating St Swithin; in popular belief, if it rains on this day it will continue raining for the next forty days …   English new terms dictionary

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