Birtha
Birtha
A titular see of Osrhaene

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Birtha
    Birtha
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Birtha
    A titular see of Osrhaene, probably identical with Birejik (Zegma) on the left bank of the Euphrates, c. 62 miles west of Orfa (Edessa), and 95 miles north of Aleppo. Birtha (Aramæan, Bîrthâ "castle") is spoken of as a castle by ancient authors (Hierocles, 715, 2). There was also a see called by the Greeks Macedonopolis, the foundation of the great city being attributed by legend to Alexander the Great (Amm. Marcell., XX, vii, 17). That Macedonopolis and Birtha are one see is proved by the subscriptions at the Council of Niceæa, where we see that Bjrt in both Syriac and Arabic lists corresponds with Macedonopolis in Greek and Latin lists (Gelzer, Patrum Niceænorum nomina, 242). The true name of the bishop present at the council is Mareas, not Marcus. Daniel, Bishop of Macedonopolis, is said to have been present at the Council of Chalcedon (451). From the sixth century only the name Birtha survives (Georgius Cyprius, n. 899). Emperor Anastasius, after his victories over the Persians in 505, entrusted Sergius, Bishop of Birtha, with the work of repairing the city (Wright, ed., The Chronicle of Joshua the Stylite, XCI, lxxi), an undertaking that was completed by Justinian (Procop., De ædific. Just., II, 4). The oldest "Tacticon" of the Patriarchate of Antioch, issued under Anastasius I (599) places Birtha first among the suffragan sees of Edessa (Kerameus, ed., Anekdota Hellenika, lxv); the name is written Byrte in a later redaction (ibid., lxix), and Virchi in an old Latin translation (Tobler and Molinier, Itinera Hierosolymitana, I, 322). Birtha was destroyed by Timour-Leng in the fourteenth century. Birejik is to-day the chief town of a caza in the vilayet of Aleppo with 10,000 inhabitants, including 1,500 Christians, all Armenians, and one-half of whom are Catholics.
    Ptolemy (V, xviii, xix) speaks of a fortress Birtha on the Tigris in Southern Mesopotamia and of another in Arabia on the Euphrates below Thapsacus. The site of the first is unkown, the latter is at Ed-Deir (Ritter, Erdkunde, XI, 691), but perhaps both are the same as Birtha or Macedonopolis.
    LEQUIEN, Oriens Christ., II, 985; CUINET, La Turquie d'Asie, II, 265-269; GEORGIUS CYPERIUS, ed. GELZER, 154; GAMS, Series Episcoporum, 437.
    L. PETIT
    Transcribed by Patrick Johnson

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Birtha — (Greek: polytonic|Βίρθα) may refer to several different places:*Birtha (Mesopotamia), on the Tigris, now at Tikrit, Iraq *Birtha (Commagene), on the Euphrates, now at Birecik, Turkey *Birtha (Thapsacus), near Thapsacus, location not precisely… …   Wikipedia

  • Birtha — (ital.: Birta) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in der gleichnamigen antiken Stadt (heute Birecik) in der römischen Provinz Mesopotamia bzw. in der Spätantike Osrhoene in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Birtha — (a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt in Mesopotamien am Euphrat, jetzt Bir od. Biradschik; 2) Stadt in Mesopotamien am Tigris, jetzt Tecrit …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • BIRTHA — urbs parva regionis Diarbech, in confinio Syriae, ad Euphratem inter Alepum et Orpham. Sub Tutcis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Birtha (Titular See) — Birtha is presently the (Latin) name of a Roman catholic titular see in the former Roman province of Osrhaene, [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02580a.htm Birtha] Catholic Encyclopedia article] probably identical with modern Birejik (Ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • Birtha (Commagene) — Birtha was an ancient town on the east bank of the Euphrates, at the upper part of a reach of that river, which runs nearly north south, and just below a sharp bend in the stream, where it follows that course after coming from a long reach… …   Wikipedia

  • Birtha (Mesopotamia) — Birtha (Greek: Βίρθα, Ptol. v. 18; Virta, Amm. Marc. xx. 7. § 17) was an ancient fortress on the Tigris to the south of Mesopotamia, which was said to have been built by Alexander the Great. It would seem, from the description of Ammianus ( l. c …   Wikipedia

  • Birtha (Thapsacus) — Birtha (Greek: polytonic|Βίρθα), was an ancient town to the southeast of Thapsacus, which Ptolemy (v. 19) places in 73° 40′ long., 35° 0′ lat. This place, the same as the Birtha of Hierocles, has been confounded by geographers with the town in… …   Wikipedia

  • Birtha-Ländereien — (Brhemota ), liegen im vorderindischen Staate Nepal u. theilen sich in Kuhs B. (meist den Braminen ertheilt) u. in Suhna B. (von Newaren u.a. Eigenthümern besessen) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Suhna-Birtha-Ländereien — Suhna Birtha Ländereien, Theil der Birtha Ländereien im vorderindischen Staate Nepal …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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