St. Menas
St. Menas
    St. Menas
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Menas
    Martyr under Diocletian, about 295. According to the Greek Acts published with Latin translation in "Analecta Bollandiana", III 258 (Surlus XI 241), Menas, a Christian and an Egyptian by birth, served in the Roman army under the tribune Firmilian. When the army came to Cotyaeus in Phrygia, Menas hearing of the impious edicts issued against the Christians by the Emperors Diocletian and Maximian left the army, retired to a solitude in the mountains and served God by fasting vigils and prayer. During tbe celebration of a great festival Menas appeared in the midst of tbe populace in the circus, and fearlessly professed bis faith. He was led before tbe prefect Pyrrhus, cruelly scourged, put to torture and finally beheaded. His body was brought to Egypt and the martyr was soon invoked in many needs and afllictions. The fame of the Miracles wrought, spread far and wide and thousands of pilgrims came to the grave in the desert of Mareotis between Alexandria and the valley of Natron. For centuries Bumma (Karm-Abum-Abu Mina) was a national sanctuary and grew into a large city with costly temples a holy well, and baths. A beautiful basillca was erected by the Emperor Arcadius. Tbe cult was spread into other countries, perhaps by travelling merchants who honoured him as their patron. As a result of various vicissitudes the doctrinal disputes and the conquest of Egypt by the Arabians under Omar in 641 the sanctuary was neglected and ultimately forgotten. During 1905 Mgr C.M. Kaufmann of Frankfort led an expedition into Egypt which made excavations at Bumma. He found in a vast field of ruins, the grave, the well and thermae, the basilica, the monastery, numerous inscriptions on the walls imploring aid through the intercession of the saint, and thousands of little water pitchers and oil lamps. The rich finds are partIy in the Museum of AIexandria and Cairo, and partIy in Frankfort and Berlin. The monsignor published an official report of his expedition in 1908, "La découverte des Sanctuaires de Menas dans le désert de Mareotis". His feast is celebrated on 11 November.
    Several saints of the name Menas were highly honoured in the ancient Church about whose identity or diversity much dispute is raised. Delahaye (Anal. Boll., XXIX, 117) comes to the conclusion that Menas of Mareotis, Menas of Cotyaes, and Menas of Constantinople, surnamed Kallikelados, are one and the same person, that he was an Egyptian and suffered martyrdom in his native place, that a basilica was built over his grave which became one of the great sanctuaries of Christendom, that churches were built in his honour at Cotyaeus and Constaninople, and gave rise to local legends.
    Transcribed by Scott Lumsden, PTS

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • St. Menas —    See Menas, St.. Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier …   Ancient Egypt

  • St. Menas (Koblenz) — Pfarrkirche St. Menas Die katholische Pfarrkirche St. Menas ist eine neoromanische Kirche in Koblenz Stolzenfels, dem ehemaligen Kapellen Stolzenfels. Sie ist die einzige Kirche mit einem Menas Patrozinium nördlich der Alpen. Erbaut wurde sie von …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Menas — Christus und Menas, ägyptische Ikone aus dem 6. Jahrhundert (Paris, Louvre) Der heilige Menas, griech. Μηνάς, († 295 oder 296 oder 309) wurde vermutlich im 3. Jahrhundert n. Chr. in Ägypten geboren und hingerichtet. Nach einer kirchlichen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Church (Jersey City, New Jersey) — Infobox church name = St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Church color = imagesize = 200px caption = landscape = denomination = Coptic Orthodox Church diocese = Archdiocese of North America, under the Pope of Alexandria division = The Coptic Orthodox… …   Wikipedia

  • Menas, St. —    Legendary Christian martyr and popular saint of Coptic Egypt. He was supposedly a Roman soldier of Egyptian parentage serving in Phrygia. As a committed Christian, he was martyred during the persecutions of the Emperor Diocletian. His body was …   Ancient Egypt

  • Church of Saint Menas (Cairo) — Christ and Saint Menas. A 6th century Coptic icon from Egypt (Musée du Louvre) The Coptic Orthodox Church of Saint Menas (Egyptian Arabic: كنيسه مارمينا بفم الخليج kenniṣat mari mina) …   Wikipedia

  • Church of Saint Menas of Samatya — Church of Hagios Menas of Samatya Άγιος Μηνάς The church viewed from east. The Martyrion can be accessed through the gas station in foreground …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Menas — For the Florentine saint, see Minias of Florence. Saint Menas Martyr and Wonderworker Born 285 AD Niceous, Egypt Died c. 309 AD Cotyaes in Phrygia, Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) Honored in …   Wikipedia

  • Oil of Saints — • An oily substance which flows from the relics or burial places of certain saints Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Oil of Saints     Oil of Saints      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Saint Christopher — For other uses, see Saint Christopher (disambiguation). . Saint Christophery St. Christopher Carrying the Christ Child, by Hieronymus Bosch (c. 1485) Martyr Born …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”