Adamites
Adamites
An obscure sect, dating perhaps from the second century, which professed to have regained Adam's primeval innocence

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Adamites
    Adamites
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Adamites
    An obscure sect, dating perhaps from the second century, which professed to have regained Adam's primeval innocence. St. Epiphanius and St. Augustine mention the Adamites by name, and describe their practices. They called their church Paradise; they condemned marriage as foreign to Eden, and they stripped themselves naked while engaged in common worship. They could not have been numerous. Various accounts are given of their origin. Some have thought them to have been an offshoot of the Carpocratian Gnostics, who professed a sensual mysticism and a complete emancipation from the moral law. Theodoret (Haer. Fab., I, 6) held this view of them, and identified them with the licentious sects whose practices are described by Clement of Alexandria. Others, on the contrary, consider them to have been misguided ascetics, who strove to extirpate carnal desires by a return to simpler manners, and by the abolition of marriage. Practices similar to those just described appeared in Europe several times in later ages. In the thirteenth century they were revived in the Netherlands by the Brethren and Sisters of the Free Spirit, and, in a grosser form, in the fourteenth by the Beghards (q.v.) in Germany. Everywhere they met with firm opposition. The Beghards became the Picards of Bohemia, who took possession of an island in the river Nezarka, and gave themselves up to a shameful communism. Ziska, the Bussite leader, nearly exterminated the sect in 1421 (cf. Höfler, Geschichtsquellen Böhmens, I, 414, 431); A brief revival of these doctrines took place in Bohemia after 1781, owing to the edict of toleration issued by Joseph II; these communistic Neo-Adamites were suppressed by force in 1849.
    CLEM. of ALEX., Strom., III, iv; EPIPH., Haer., lii; AUGUSTINE, De Haer., XXXI; BOSSUET, Variations of Prot. Churches; RUDINGER, De Eccles. Frat. in Bohemia; SVATEK, Adamiten und Deisten in Böhmen in culturhist. Bilder aus Böhmen (Vienna, 1879), I, 97; HERGENRÖTHER, in Kirchenlex. I., 216-218.
    FRANCIS P. HAVEY

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ADAMITES — Terme désignant les membres de deux sectes différentes, l’une gnostique, l’autre de la fin du Moyen Âge. La première eut pour fondateur Prodicus, disciple de Carpocrate (IIe s.). Soucieux d’imiter Adam avant la chute, les adamites allaient… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adamites — The Adamites, or Adamians, were adherents of an early Christian sect (considered heretical by the orthodox church) that flourished in North Africa in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th centuries, but knew later revivals.Ancient AdamitesThe obscure sect, dating …   Wikipedia

  • Adamites — Gravure représentant les Adamites persecutés Les adamites (ou adamiens) étaient un mouvement religieux intermittent inspiré par la nostalgie du Jardin d Eden. Rattachés au christianisme, les Adamites tentaient d imiter Adam avant la chute.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ADAMITES —    visionaries in Africa in the 2nd century, and in Bohemia in the 14th and 15th, who affected innocence, rejected marriage, and went naked …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Adamites — n. descendant of Adam; person, human; nudist; member of a visionaries sect who imitate the state of Adam and prefer to walk around naked; type of green fluorescent mineral …   English contemporary dictionary

  • adamites —  Адамиты …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • PRE-ADAMITES —    a race presumed to have existed on the earth prior to Adam; traditional first fathers of the Jews …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Adamistes — Adamites Gravure représentant les Adamites persecutés Les adamites (ou adamiens) étaient un mouvement religieux intermittent inspiré par la nostalgie du Jardin d Eden. Rattachés au christianisme, les Adamites tentaient d imiter Adam avant la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • adamite — ● adamite nom féminin Arséniate naturel de zinc hydraté, de symétrie orthorhombique. ⇒ADAMITE, ADAMIEN, IENNE, adj. et subst. A. Adjectif 1. Qui a l aspect primitif et innocent du temps d Adam : • 1. Les Lépreux. Chaque matin, dès que les ramées… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • adamien — ⇒ADAMITE, ADAMIEN, IENNE, adj. et subst. A. Adjectif 1. Qui a l aspect primitif et innocent du temps d Adam : • 1. Les Lépreux. Chaque matin, dès que les ramées avaient bu l aiguail, roulait sur ses gonds la porte de la Maladrerie, et les lépreux …   Encyclopédie Universelle

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”