Regina Coeli (Queen of Heaven)
Regina Coeli (Queen of Heaven)
    Regina Coeli (Queen of Heaven)
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Regina Coeli (Queen of Heaven)
    The opening words of the Eastertide anthem of the Blessed Virgin, the recitation of which is prescribed in the Roman Breviary from Compline of Holy Saturday until None of the Saturday after Pentecost inclusively. In choro, the anthem is to be sung standing. In illustration of the view that the anthem forms a "syntonic strophe", that is, one depending on the accent of the word and not the quantity of the syllable, It goes as follows:
    Regina coeli laetare, Alleluia, Quia quem meruisti portare. Alleluia, Resurrexit, Sicut dixit, Alleluia. Ora pro nobis Deum. Alleluia.
    
    In the first two verses ("Regina" and "Quia") the accent falls on the second, fourth, and seventh syllables (the word quia being counted as a single syllable); in the second two verses ("Resurrexit", "Sicut dixit"), on the first and third syllables. The Alleluia serves as a refrain. Of unknown authorship, the anthem has been traced back to the twelfth century. It was in Franciscan use, after Compline, in the first half of the following century. Together with the other Marian anthems, it was incorporated in the Minorite-Roman Curia Office, which, by the activity of the Franciscans, was soon popularized everywhere, and which, by the order of Nicholas III (1277-80), replaced all the older Office-books in all the churches of Rome. Batiffol ("History of the Roman Breviary", tr., London, 1898, pp. 158-228) admits that "we owe a just debt of gratitude to those who gave us the antiphons of the Blessed Virgin" (p. 225), which he considers "four exquisite compositions, though in a style enfeebled by sentimentality" (p. 218). The anthems are indeed exquisite, although (as may appropriately be noted in the connection) they run through the gamut of medieval literary style, from the classical hexameters of the "Alma Redemptoris Mater" through the richly-rhymed accentual rhythm and regular strophes of the "Ave Regina Coelorum", the irregular syntonic strophe of the "Regina Coeli", down to the sonorous prose rhythms (with rhyming closes) of the Salve Regina. "In the 16th century, the antiphons of our Lady were employed to replace the little office at all the hours" (Baudot, "The Roman Breviary", London, 1909, p. 71). The "Regina Coeli" takes the place of the "Angelus" during the Paschal Time.
    The authorship of the "Regina Coeli" being unknown, legend says the St. Gregory the Great (d. 604) heard the first three lines chanted by Angels on a certain Easter morning in Rome while he walked barefoot in a great religious procession and that the saint thereupon added the fourth line: "Ora pro nobis Deum. Alleluia." (See also SALVE REGINA for a similar attribution of authorship). The authorship has also been ascribed to Gregory V, but without good reason. The beautiful plainsong melodies (a simple and an ornate form) are variously given in the Ratisbon antiphonary and in the Solesmes "Liber Usualis" of 1908, the ornate form in the latter work, with rhythmical signs added, being very attractive. The official or "typical" melody will be found (p. 126) in the Vatican Antiphonary (1911). Only one form of melody is given. The different syllabic lengths of the lines make the anthem difficult to translate with fidelity into English verse. The anthem has often been treated musically by both polyphonic and modern composers.
    H.T. HENRY
    Transcribed by Jim Holden

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Queen of Heaven — This article is about the Catholic title of the Virgin Mary as Queen of Heaven. For Queen of Heaven in antiquity, see Queen of Heaven (Antiquity). The Crowning of the Virgin by the Trinity. Velázquez, 1645 Queen of Heaven is a title given to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Regina Coeli — The Regina Caeli or Regina Coeli ( Queen of Heaven , in ecclesastical Latin pronounced|reˈdʒiːna ˈtʃeːli), an ancient latin Marian Hymn of the Christian Church, is one of the four seasonal Marian antiphons of the Blessed Virgin Mary, prescribed… …   Wikipedia

  • Regina — f English: from the Latin nickname meaning ‘queen’. It seems to have been occasionally used among early Christians; a St Regina, probably of the 3rd century, was venerated as a virgin martyr at Autun from an early date. In modern use it is… …   First names dictionary

  • Coeli — may refer to: The Imum Coeli is the point in space where the ecliptic crosses the meridian in the north Porta Coeli is one of the oldest church structures in the Western hemisphere. 3276 Porta Coeli (1982 RZ1) is a Main belt Asteroid discovered… …   Wikipedia

  • List of prayers — ( See: Prayer ) Jewish prayers *List of Jewish Prayers and Blessings *Shema Yisrael *V ahavta *Amidah *Kaddish *Kol Nidre *Aleinu Christian prayers Common to several denominations*Collect *Compline *Epiclesis *Glory Be to the Father *Good Friday… …   Wikipedia

  • Mary (mother of Jesus) — Virgin Mary redirects here. For other uses, see Virgin Mary (disambiguation). Saint Mary redirects here. For other uses, see Saint Mary (disambiguation). This article is an overview. For specific views, see: Anglican, Ecumenical, Islamic,… …   Wikipedia

  • Titles of Mary — A series of articles on mother of Jesus Chronology Presentation of Mary Annunciation · Visitation · Virgin Birth · Na …   Wikipedia

  • Funeral of Pope John Paul II — The body of Pope John Paul II lying in state. Participants The College of Cardinals (led by then Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger), various dignitaries worldwide …   Wikipedia

  • Mary Our Queen — Roman Catholic Mariology A series of articles on Marian Prayers Alma Redemptoris Mater Angelus As a Child I Loved You Ave Maris Stella Ave Regina Caelorum Fatima Prayers Flos Carmeli Hail Mary …   Wikipedia

  • Coronation of the Virgin — Giacomo di Mino s version of 1340 1350 is typical of the smaller Gothic depictions …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”