St. Alexander I
St. Alexander I
    Pope St. Alexander I
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope St. Alexander I
    St. Irenaeus of Lyons, writing in the latter quarter of the second century, reckons him as the fifth pope in succession from the Apostles, though he says nothing of his martyrdom. His pontificate is variously dated by critics, e. g. 106-115 (Duchesne) or 109-116 (Lightfoot). In Christian antiquity he was credited with a pontificate of about ten years (Eusebius, Hist. Eccl. IV, i,) and there is no reason to doubt that he was on the "catalogue of bishops" drawn up at Rome by Hegesippus (Eusebius, IV, xxii, 3) before the death of Pope Eleutherius (c. 189). According to a tradition extant in the Roman Church at the end of the fifth century, and recorded in the Liber Pontificalis he suffered a martyr's death by decapitation on the Via Nomentana in Rome, 3 May. The same tradition declares him to have been a Roman by birth and to have ruled the Church in the reign of Trajan (98-117). It likewise attributes to him, but scarcely with accuracy, the insertion in the canon of the Qui Pridie, or words commemorative of the institution of the Eucharist, such being certainly primitive and original in the Mass. He is also said to have introduced the use of blessing water mixed with salt for the purification of Christian homes from evil influences (constituit aquam sparsionis cum sale benedici in habitaculis hominum). Duchesne (Lib. Pont., I, 127) calls attention to the persistence of this early Roman custom by way of a blessing in the Gelasian Sacramentary that recalls very forcibly the actual Asperges prayer at the beginning of Mass. In 1855, a semi-subterranean cemetery of the holy martyrs Sts. Alexander, Eventulus, and Theodulus was discovered near Rome, at the spot where the above mentioned tradition declares the Pope to have been martyred. According to some archaeologists, this Alexander is identical with the Pope, and this ancient and important tomb marks the actual site of the Pope's martyrdom. Duchesne, however (op. cit., I, xci-ii) denies the identity of the martyr and the pope, while admitting that the confusion of both personages is of ancient date, probably anterior to the beginning of the sixth century when the Liber Pontificalis was first compiled [Dufourcq, Gesta Martyrum Romains (Paris, 1900), 210-211]. The difficulties raised in recent times by Richard Lipsius (Chronologie der römischen Bischofe, Kiel, 1869) and Adolph Harnack (Die Zeit des Ignatius u. die Chronologie der antiochenischen Bischofe, 1878) concerning the earliest successors of St. Peter are ably discussed and answered by F. S. (Cardinal Francesco Segna) in his "De successione priorum Romanorum Pontificum " (Rome 1897); with moderation and learning by Bishop Lightfoot, in his "Apostolic Fathers: St. Clement ' (London, 1890) I, 201-345- especially by Duchesne in the introduction to his edition of the "Liber Pontificalis" (Paris, 1886) I, i-xlviii and lxviii-lxxiii. The letters ascribed to Alexander I by PseudoIsidore may be seen in P. G., V, 1057 sq., and in Hinschius, " Decretales Pseudo-Isidorianae " (Leipzig, 1863) 94-105. His remains are said to have been transferred to Freising in Bavaria in 834 (Dummler, Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini, Berlin, 1884, II, 120). His so-called " Acts " are not genuine, and were compiled at a much later date (Tillemont, Mem. II, 590 sqq; Dufourcq, op. cit., 210-211).
    THOMAS J. SHAHAN
    Transcribed by Gerard Haffner

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Pope St. Alexander I —     Pope St. Alexander I     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Alexander I     St. Irenaeus of Lyons, writing in the latter quarter of the second century, reckons him as the fifth pope in succession from the Apostles, though he says nothing of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Celestine I —     Pope St. Celestine I     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Celestine I     Nothing is known of his early history except that he was a Roman and that his father s name was Priscus. He is said to have lived for a time at Milan with St.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • St. Sixtus I —     Pope St. Sixtus I     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope St. Sixtus I     Pope St. Sixtus I (in the oldest documents, Xystus is the spelling used for the first three popes of that name), succeeded St. Alexander and was followed by St. Telesphorus …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alexander I. (Papst) — Alexander I. (* in Rom; † 3. Mai 115 in Rom) war Bischof von Rom von etwa 106 bis 115. Er wurde im Lauf der Jahrhunderte mit dem Märtyrer Alexander der Via Nomentana identifiziert, dessen Gedenktag der 3. Mai, in den orthodoxen Kirchen der 16.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander I. (Bischof von Rom) — Papst Alexander I. Alexander I. (* in Rom; † 3. Mai 115 in Rom) war der sechste Bischof von Rom, der Nachfolger von Evaristus und Vorgänger von Sixtus.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander I. von Jülich — († 6. Juli 1135 in Publémont bei Lüttich) war Bischof von Lüttich von 1128 bis 1135. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Einzelnachweise 3 Literatur 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander I. (Bulgarien) — Alexander I. Alexander I. (* 5. April 1857 in Verona; † 17. November 1893 in Graz), geboren als Prinz Alexander Joseph von Battenberg, war von 1879 bis 1886 gewählter Fürst von Bulgarien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexander I, Pope Saint — • Article on this pope, who died in 115 or 116. According to a tradition dating to the fifth century, Alexander was martyred, but it is possible that he has been confused with another St. Alexander who was indeed a martyr Catholic Encyclopedia.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alexander I. [4] — Alexander I., Kaiser von Rußland, Paulowitsch (d.h. Pauls Sohn) geb. den 23. Dec. 1777, Sohn des damaligen Großfürsten, nachherigen Kaisers Paul u. der Prinzessin Maria von Württemberg, denen aber Aʼs. Großmutter Katharina allen Einfluß auf… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Alexander I — 1. Saint, pope A.D. 106? 115. 2. (Aleksandr Pavlovich) 1777 1825, czar of Russia 1801 25. 3. (Alexander Obrenovich or Aleksandar Obrenovic) 1876 1903, king of Serbia 1889 1903. 4. 1888 1934, king of Yugoslavia 1921 34 (son of Peter I of Serbia).… …   Universalium

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