Gelasius II
Gelasius II
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope Gelasius II
    Born at Gaeta, year unknown; elected 24 Jan., 1118; died at Cluny, 29 Jan., 1119. No sooner had Paschal II ended his stormy pontificate, than the Cardinals, knowing that the emperor, Henry V, had concerted measures with a faction of the Roman nobility to force the selection of a pliant imperial candidate, met secretly in a Benedictine monastery on the Palatine. Having dispatched a messenger to Monte Cassino, to summon the aged chancellor, Cardinal John of Gaeta, they turned a deaf ear to his entreaties and unanimously declared him pope.
    John was of a noble family, probably the Gaetani. Early in his life he entered the monastery of Monte Cassino, where he made such progress in learning and became so proficient in Latin, that, under successive pontiffs, he held the office of chancellor of the Holy See. He was the trusted advisor of Paschal II; shared his captivity and shielded him against the zealots who charged the pope with heresy for having, under dire compulsion, signed the "Privilegium", which constituted the emperor lord and master of papal and episcopal elections (see PASCHAL II and INVESTITURES). When the news spread that the Cardinals had elected a pope without consulting the emperor, the imperialist party broke down the doors of the monastery; and their leader, Cenzio Frangipani, seized the new pontiff by the throat, cast him to the ground, stamped on him with spurred feet, dragged him by the hair to his neighbouring castle, and threw him, loaded with chains, into a dungeon. Indignant at this brutal deed, the Romans rose in their might; and, surrounding the robber's den, demanded the instant liberation of the pontiff. Frangipani, intimidated, released the pope, threw himself at his feet, and begged and obtained absolution. A procession was formed, and amidst shouts of joy Gelasius II (so he termed himself) was conducted into the Lateran and enthroned.
    The triumph was of short duration; for, 2 March, the formidable figure of Henry V was seen in St. Peter's. As soon as he had heard of the proceedings at Rome, he left his army at Lombardy and hastened to the capital. Gelasius immediately determined upon flight. On a stormy night, the pope and his court proceeded in two galleys down the Tiber, pelted by the imperialists with stones and arrows. After several mishaps Gelasius at length reached Gaeta, where he was received by the Normans with open arms. Being only a deacon ( see Deacons ), he received successively priestly ordination and episcopal consecration. Meanwhile, the emperor, ignoring the action of the Cardinals, placed on the throne of St. Peter a senile creature of royal power, Maurice Burdinus, Archbishop of Braga in Portugal, who had the audacity to take the venerated name of Gregory. Gelasius pronounced a solemn excommunication against both of them; and as soon as the emperor, frustrated of his prey, left Rome, he returned secretly; but soon took the resolution of taking refuge in France. He went by way of Pisa, where he consecrated its splendid marble cathedral, and Genoa. He was received by the French with the utmost reverence. The powerful minister of Louis VI, the Abbot Suger, conducted him to the monastery of Cluny. Gelasius was perfecting plans for the convocation of a great council at Reims, when he succumbed to pleurisy, leaving the consummation of the fifty years' war for freedom to his successor, Callistus II.
    Baronius and Reumont agree in pronouncing that no historical personage ever compressed so many misfortunes into the short space of a year and five days. There seems to be no reason why the Benedictine Order should not take up his case for canonization. Benedict XIV tells us ("De Beat. et Canon.", I, xli, n. 30) that in his time the question was mooted; but for one reason or another it was overlooked. The life of Gelasius was written by his intimate friend, Pandulphus of Pisa, an eye-witness to what he narrates; it is in Muratori, "Rer. ital. Scr.", III, 1 sqq.
    Liber Pontificalis, ed. DUCHESNE, II, 311-12, 376; WATTERICH, Pontificum Romanorum Vitæ (1862), II, 91-114; BARONIUS, Ann. Eccl. ad ann. 1118, 1119; GAETANI, Vita del pontefice Gelasio II (Rome, 1802, 1811); histories of medieval Rome by GREGOROVIUS; VON REUMONT.
    Transcribed by Jeffrey Palenik

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gelasius II. — Gelasius II. (* 1060/1064[1]; † 29. Januar 1119 in Cluny) war von 1118 bis zu seinem Tode Papst. Sein Name bedeutet: „der Heitere“ (griech.) Gelasius II., der mit Taufnamen Johannes von Gaeta hieß, wurde am 24. Januar 1118 als Nachfolger von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GELASIUS II — GELASIUS II. Caierâ oriunkus, successit Paschalt II. A. C. 1118. a Cincio Frangipani mox pulsus, dein ab Henrico U sutrogato Gregorio VIII. depositus, Caesarem in Germaniam redeuntem diris est persecutus. Unde schisma recruduit. Ipse in Galliam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Gelasius II — (Giovanni de Gaeta) died 1119, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1118 19. * * * ▪ pope original name  Giovanni Da Gaeta , English  John Of Gaeta  born , Gaeta, Kingdom of Naples died Jan. 29, 1119, Cluny, Burgundy       pope from 1118 to 1119.       He… …   Universalium

  • Gelasius II — (Giovanni de Gaeta) died 1119, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1118 19 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gelasius II, Pope — • Reigned 1118 1119 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gelasius II, B. (14) — 14B. Gelasius II., PP. (29. Jan.) Die Bollandisten übergehen seine Lebensgeschichte und erwähnen nur seines im J. 1119 in Clugny erfolgten seligen Hinscheidens. Er führte das Steuerruder der Kirche vom Januar 1118 bis zum Januar 1119. Nach der im …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Pope Gelasius II —     Pope Gelasius II     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gelasius II     Born at Gaeta, year unknown; elected 24 Jan., 1118; died at Cluny, 29 Jan., 1119. No sooner had Paschal II ended his stormy pontificate, than the Cardinals, knowing that the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Gelasius II — Infobox Pope English name=Gelasius II birth name=Giovanni Coniulo term start=January 24 1118 term end=January 29 1119 predecessor=Paschal II successor=Callixtus II birth date=??? birthplace=Gaeta, Italy dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Kardinalskreierungen Gelasius’ II. — Papst Gelasius II. hat im Verlauf seines Pontifikates (1118–1119) in einem Konsistorium die Kreierung von nur einen Kardinal vorgenommen[1]. Konsistorium am 9. März 1118 Pietro Ruffo[2], Neffe Paschalis II. – Kardinaldiakon von S. Adriano[3],… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gelasius (Päpste) — Gelasius (lateinisch der Heitere) ist der Name von folgenden Personen: Gelasius I., Papst von 492 bis 496 Gelasius II., Papst von 1118 bis 1119 Gelasius von Armagh (1137–1174), Erzbischof (Pseudo )Gelasios von Kyzikos, spätantiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”