Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
    Soldier, b. near New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A., 28 May, 1818; d. there 20 February, 1893. He was appointed to the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and graduated in 1838. Assigned first to an artillery regiment, he passed to the engineers and served thereafter in that corps. During the war with Mexico he was engaged in the siege operations at Vera Cruz, Cerro Godo, Contreras, Chapultepec, and the city of Mexico, being wounded twice in the last-mentioned battle (13, 14 September, 1847), and was brevetted major. After fourteen years of continuous service he was made Captain of Engineers, 3 March, 1853. The war over, he was given supervision of the construction work along the Gulf coast, and on 23 January, 1861, was detailed as superintendent of the Military Academy at West Point. He almost immediately resigned, however, on 20 February, 1861, and threw in his lot with the seceding States of the Southern Confederacy. He was placed in command at Charleston, South Carolina, and began the Civil War by the attack on Fort Sumter. When the fort was evacuated he was sent to Virginia and was in charge of the Confederate forces in the battle of Bull Run, 21 July. He was then sent to Tennessee, was second in command to A.S. Johnson at the battle of Shiloh; succeeding Johnson, when the latter was killed, he nearly routed the Union army in the first day's fight. Reinforcements arriving for his adversary, Gen. Grant, he was forced to retreat on the next day. Beauregard's failing health compelled him to take a leave of absence for three months, when, with a promotion to a general's rank, he was again placed in command at Charleston, where he successfully resisted for a year and a half the siege operations of Gen. Gilmore and his naval assistants. In May, 1864, he joined Lee in Virginia and held Petersburg against Union advance. In October of the same year he was made commander of the military division of the West and sent to Georgia, and then to North Carolina where he united with Gen. J.E. Johnson to resist the march of Gen. Sherman. The attempt was futile and they surrendered, April, 1865. After the war he became president of the New Orleans, Jackson and Mississippi Railroad, and Adjutant-General of the State of Louisiana. In 1866 he refused the offer of the chief command of the Rumanian army, and in 1869 that of the army of the Khedive of Egypt. He lent his name to the Louisiana Lottery and as its salaried manager was for several years one of its chief supporters. He was the author of "Principles and Maxims of the Art of War" (Charleston, 1863) and "Report of the Defence of Charleston" (Richmond, 1864).
    Roman, Military Operations of Gen. Beauregard in the War between the States, 1861-65 (New York, 1884); Cycl. of Am. Biog. (New York, 1900).
    THOMAS F. MEEHAN
    Transcribed by Susan Birkenseer

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard — (* 28. Mai 1818 im St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana; † 20. Februar 1893 in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA), auch bekannt als Napoleon in Grau, war Offizier der United States Army und General im konföderierten Heer. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre gustave toutant de beauregard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beauregard. Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant — • Soldier, b. near New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.A., 28 May, 1818; d. there 20 February, 1893 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beauregard. Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard, né le 28 mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Beauregard,Pierre Gustave Toutant — Beau·re·gard (bōʹrĭ gärd , bō rə gärʹ), Pierre Gustave Toutant. 1818 1893. American Confederate general known for his flamboyant personal style and dashing but not always successful strategic campaigns. He ordered the bombardment of Fort Sumter… …   Universalium

  • BEAUREGARD, PIERRE GUSTAVE TOUTANT —    American Confederate general, born at New Orleans; adopted the cause of the South, and fought in its behalf (1818 1893) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Beauregard, Pierre (Gustave Toutant de) —  (1818–1893) Confederate general in the Civil War …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Beauregard — bezeichnet einen Ortsteil der Stadt Wriezen im Landkreis Märkisch Oderland in Brandenburg das Schloss Beauregard nahe Blois in Frankreich, eines der Loire Schlösser das Schloss Beauregard in Saint Jeoire in Frankreich, Beauregard (Mississippi),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Beauregard, P.G.T. — ▪ Confederate general in full  Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard   born May 28, 1818, near New Orleans, La., U.S. died Feb. 20, 1893, New Orleans  Confederate general in the American Civil War.       Beauregard graduated from the U.S. Military… …   Universalium

  • Pierre Beauregard — Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pour les articles homonymes, voir Beauregard. Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard …   Wikipédia en Français

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