Michael Egan
Michael Egan
    Michael Egan
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Michael Egan
    First bishop of Philadelphia, U.S.A., b. in Ireland, most probably in Galway, in 1761; d. at Philadelphia, 22 July, 1814. Entering the Order of St. Francis he was rapidly advanced to important offices. In his twenty-sixth year he was appointed guardian of St. Isidore's, the house of the Irish Franciscans, at Rome, and held this position for three years, when he was transferred to Ireland. After labouring for several years as a missionary in his native land, he responded to an earnest appeal of the Catholics of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and went to the United States. Though lacking the constitution demanded by the pastoral duties of that pioneer age, and suffering often from sickness, Father Egan's priestly zeal and his eloquence in the pulpit gained universal recognition, and, in April, 1803, he was appointed by Bishop Carroll one of the pastors of St. Mary's church in Philadelphia. On 8 April, 1808, Pope Pius VII erected this city into an episcopal see, with Michael Egan as first bishop. Archbishop Carroll describes him to the Roman authorities as "a man of about fifty who seems endowed with all the qualities to discharge with perfection all the functions of the episcopacy, except that he lacks robust health, greater experience and a greater degree of firmness in his disposition. He is a learned, modest, humble priest who maintains the spirit of his Order in his whole conduct." Owing to the Napoleonic troubles, the papal Bulls did not reach America until the year 1810. On 28 Oct. Bishop Egan was consecrated by Archbishop Carroll in St. Peter's church, Baltimore. His brief episcopate was embittered and his health shattered by the contumacious behaviour of the lay trustees of St. Mary's church, which he had chosen for his cathedral. These trustees, who were tainted with the irreligious notions of the times, without any legal right, and contrary to the canons of the Church, claimed the privilege of electing and deposing their pastors and of adjusting their salaries. This un-Catholic contention that "the laity own the churches and the clergy are their hired servants" disturbed the peace, retarded the progress, and threatened the existence of the Catholic religion in Pennsylvania during two episcopates. Bishop Egan's troubles were aggravated by the insubordination of two Irish priests whom he had admitted to the diocese, James Harold and his better-known nephew, William Vincent Harold. Bishop Egan died worn out by his struggles to maintain his episcopal authority.
    JAMES F. LOUGHLIN.
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Michael Egan — may refer to: Michael Egan (Australian politician) (born 1948) Michael Egan (Irish politician) (1866–1947), Irish trade unionist and Teachta Dála Michael Egan (author) Michael Egan (playwright) author of The Dominant Sex (1934) Michael Francis… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Egan (Irish politician) — Michael Egan (February 1866 – March 1947) was an Irish trade unionist, city councillor, and Teachta Dála (TD) for Cork Borough. His public career started when he was comparatively young, and he became a champion of the workers of Cork and a… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Egan (author) — Michael Egan was Scholar in Residence at Brigham Young University, Hawai’i[1] and Professor of English and Political Science at TransPacific Hawaii College, Honolulu. (which ceased teaching at the end of 2008[2]). He earned his Ph.D at Cambridge… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Egan (politician) — Michael Egan (February 1866–March 1947) was a trade unionist, city councillor, and Teachta Dála for Cork. His public career started when he was comparatively young, and he became a champion of the workers of Cork and a driving force in… …   Wikipedia

  • Michael Egan (Australian politician) — The Honourable Michael Egan Treasurer of New South Wales In office 3 April 1995 – 21 January 2005 Premier Bob Carr Preceded by Peter Collins Succ …   Wikipedia

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  • Michael Francis Egan — Michael Francis Egan, O.F.M. Michael Francis Egan, O.F.M. (September 29, 1761 – July 22, 1814) was an Irish American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the first Bishop of Philadelphia, serving from 1808 until his death in 1814.… …   Wikipedia

  • Egan — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christopher Egan (* 1984), australischer Schauspieler Edward Michael Egan (* 1932), Erzbischof von New York Greg Egan (* 1961), australischer Schriftsteller Jeffers Egan (* 1974), US amerikanischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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