Maximilian Hell
Maximilian Hell
    Maximilian Hell
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Maximilian Hell
    (Höll).
    Astronomer, b. at Schemnitz in Hungary, 15 May, 1720; d. at Vienna, 14 April, 1792. He entered the Society of Jesus at Trentschin, 18 October, 1738, and after his novitiate was sent to Vienna, where he made his philosophical studies. From his early years he had shown a strong inclination for scientific pursuits, and in 1744 he devoted himself to the study of mathematics and astronomy, acting at the same time as assistant to Father Joseph Franz, the director of the observatory at Vienna. After teaching with much success for a year at Leutschau, he returned to Vienna to study theology, and in 1751 was ordained priest. He received a professorship of mathematics at Klausenberg in 1752, and remained there until 1755, when he was appointed director of the imperial observatory at Vienna.
    Father Hell's most important work was perhaps the annual publication of the "Ephemerides astronomicæ ad meridianem Vindobonensem", which he began in 1757 and continued for many years. These contain a large number of valuable observations and data. He was invited by the King of Denmark to undertake at Vardöhuus, Norway, the observations of the transit of Venus of 1769. The transit observations were successful, and after spending some months in Copenhagen preparing his results for the press, he returned to Vienna in 1770. Owing to delays in publication Hell was afterwards suspected of manipulating his data to make them fit with others taken elsewhere. The suspicion was strengthened by Littrow when director of the Vienna Observatory, after a study of the original manuscripts (cf. Hell's "Reise nach Wardö u. seine Beobachtung des Venus-Durchgangs in Jahre 1769", Vienna, 1835). It was not until 1890 that Father Hell's reputation was cleared of the stain of forgery by Professor Simon Newcomb, who made a critical study of the journal in question, and showed conclusively that Littrow's inferences were entirely at fault. The latter, it appears, had originally been led into error by a defect in his sense of colour. Father Hell was of a gentle disposition and simple in his tastes. His devotion to the Church and to his order often cost him much persecution. Besides his "Ephemerides", he was also the author of "Elementa algebræ Joannis Crivelli magis illustrata" (Vienna, 1745); "Adjumentum memoriæ manuale chronologico-genealogico-historicum" (Vienna, 1750); "De la célébration de la Pâque" (ibid, 1761); "Elementa arithmeticæ numericæ et litteralis' (ibid, 1763); "De satellite Veneris" (ibid, 1765); "De Transitu Veneris" (Copenhagen, 1770), etc.
    Schlichtegroll, Nekrolog. (Gotha, 1792), I, 282; Sommervogel, Bibl. de la C. de J., IV, 238; Wolf, Geschicte der Astronomie (Munich, 1877), 645; Newcomb, Month. Notices Royal Astron. soc., XLIII, 371; idem, Reminiscences of an Astronomer (Boston, 1903); Woodstock Letters, XXI, i, 70.
    HENRY M. BROCK
    Transcribed by M. Donahue

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maximilian Hell — Hell Miksa Maximilian Hell dressed in Sami clothing during his stay at Vardø in 1769 to observe the Venus transit[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian Hell — Observatio transitus Veneris ante discum Solis par Maximilian Hell (1770) Maximilian Hell (en hongrois : Hell Miksa en slovaque : Maximilián Hell) (15 mai 1720 – 14 avril …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maximilian Hell — (* 15. Mai 1720 in Schemnitz; † 14. April 1792 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Jesuit und Astronom. Observatio transitus Veneris ante discum Solis von Maximilian Hell (1770 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hell (disambiguation) — Hell, according to many religious beliefs, is a place of suffering during afterlife where the wicked or unrighteous souls are punished.* Hell in Christian beliefs * Hell in popular culture * Problem of Hell, a variant of the problem of evil *… …   Wikipedia

  • Hell — steht für leuchtstark, siehe Helligkeit farbstark, siehe Farbhelligkeit pastellfarben Hell steht für: Orte: Hell (Kalifornien) Hell (Michigan) Hell (Norwegen) Hell (Gelderland) Filme: Hell (2011), deutscher Spielfilm von Tim Fehlbaum Hell –… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hell — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Personnalités 1.1 Culture 1.2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hell (crater) — lunar crater data latitude=32.4 N or S=S longitude=7.8 E or W=W diameter=33 km depth=2.2 km colong=8 eponym=Maximilian HellHell is a lunar crater that is located in the southern part of the Moon s near side, within the western half of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian Fretter-Pico — Born 6 February 1892 Karlsruhe …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian von Weichs — Maximilian Reichsfreiherr von Weichs …   Wikipedia

  • Maximilian de Angelis — Born 2 October 1889(1889 10 02) Budapest …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”