Leopold Auenbrugger
Leopold Auenbrugger
    Leopold Auenbrugger
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Leopold Auenbrugger
    (Or von Auenbrugg).
    An Austrian physician, born 19 November, 1722; died 17 May, 1807. He was the inventor of percussion in physical diagnosis and is considered one of the small group of men to whose original genius modern medicine owes its present position. He was a native of Graz in Styria, an Austrian province. His father, a hotel-keeper, gave his son every opportunity for an excellent preliminary education in his native town and then sent him to Vienna to complete his studies at the university. Auenbrugger was graduated as a physician at the age of twenty-two and then entered the Spanish military Hospital of Vienna where he spent ten years this observations and experimental studies enabled him to discover that by tapping on the chest with the finger much important information with regard to diseased conditions within the chest might be obtained.
    Ordinarily, the lungs wheel percussed, give a sound like a drum over which a heavy cloth has been placed. When the lung is consolidated, as in pneumonia then the sound produced by the tapping of the finger is the same as when the fleshy part of the thigh is taped. Auenbrugger found that the area over the heart gave a modified, dull sound, and that in this way the limits of heart-dullness could be determined. This gave the first definite information with regard to pathological changes in the heart. During his ten years of patient study, Auenbrugger confirmed these observations by comparison with post-mortem specimens, and besides made a number of experimental researches on dead bodies. He injected fluid into the pleural cavity, and showed that it was perfectly possible by percussion to tell exactly the limits of the fluid present, and thus to decide when and where efforts should be made for its removal.
    His later sudies this ten-year were devoted to tuberculosis. He pointed out how to detect cavities of the lungs, and how their location and size might be determined by percussion. He also recognized that informatiom with regard to the contents of cavities in the lungs, and conditions of lung tissue might be obtained by placing the hand on the chest and noting the vibration, or fremitus, produced by the voice and the breath. There observations were published in a little book now considered one of the most important classics of medicine. It was called "Inventum Novum", the full English title running, "A New Discovery that Enables the Physician from the Percussion of the Human Thorax to Detect the Diseases Hidden Within the Chest".
    Like most medical discoveries Auenbrugger's method of diagnosis at first met with neglect. Before his death, however, it had aroused the attention of Laennec, who, following up the ideas suggested by it, discovered auscultation. Since then, Auenbrugger has been considered one of the great founders of modern medicine. He lived to a happy old age, especially noted for hls cordial relations the younger members of his profession and for his kindness to the poor and to these suffering from tuberculosis. He is sometimes said to have died in the typhus epidemic of 1798, but the burial register of the parish church in Vienna, of which he had been for half a century a faithful member, shows that he did not die until 1807.
    JAMES J. WALSH
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leopold Auenbrugger — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption =Leopold Auenbrugger (1722 1809) birth date = November 19 1722 birth place = Graz, Austria death date = May 17 1809 death place = residence = |citizenship = nationality… …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold Auenbrugger — Joseph Leopold Edler von Auenbrugger Joseph Leopold von Auenbrugger (* 19. November 1722 in Graz; † 18. Mai 1809 in Wien) war ein bedeutender Mediziner und nebenbei auch Librettist. Er gilt als der Erfinder der medizinischen Untersuchungtechnik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold Auenbrugger — Josef Leopold Auenbrugger o Leopold von Auenbrugg (19 de noviembre de 1722, Graz, Austria; 17 de mayo de 1809), médico austríaco que inventó el método de diagnóstico médico denominado percusión. Vida Nación en Graz, población de la provincia de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leopold Auenbrugger — Portrait de Leopold Auenbrugger (1722 1809) Joseph Leopold Auenbrugger ou Joseph Leopold von Auenbrugg (né le 19 novembre 1722 à Graz et décédé le 18 mai 1809 à Vienne), est un médecin autrichien. Il est considéré comme l inventeur de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Auenbrugger — ist der Name folgender Personen: Leopold von Auenbrugger (1722–1809), österreichischer Mediziner und Librettist Marianne Auenbrugger (1759–1782), österreichische Pianistin und Komponistin; Tochter von Leopold Auenbrugger Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold von Auenbrugger — Joseph Leopold Edler von Auenbrugger Joseph Leopold von Auenbrugger (* 19. November 1722 in Graz; † 18. Mai 1809 in Wien) war ein bedeutender Mediziner und nebenbei auch Librettist. Er gilt als der Erfinder der medizinischen Untersuchungtechnik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auenbrugger, Leopold — • An Austrian physician, born 19 November, 1722; died 17 May, 1807 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Auenbrugger von Auenbrug — Auenbrugger von Auenbrug, Leopold, geb. 1722 zu Grätz in Steiermark, Arzt im spanischen Spital zu Wien, st. 1809. Er ist Erfinder der Percussion als Zeichen zur Erkenntniß innerer Brustkrankheiten, s. u. Auscultation. Schr.: Inventum nov. ex… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg — Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg, Leopold, Mediziner, geb. 19. Nov. 1722 in Graz, gest. 17. Mai 1809 in Wien, studierte in Wien, wirkte daselbst 1751 bis 1768 als Arzt am spanischen Hospital und fand 1754, daß die verschiedenen Schallarten, die bei dem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Auenbrugger — Auenbrugger,   Leopold, Edler von Auenbrugg, österreichischer Arzt, * Graz 19. 11. 1722, ✝ Wien 18. 5. 1809; veröffentlichte 1761 eine Schrift über die Perkussion, die er als wichtige diagnostische Methode erkannte …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”