Leonard Calvert
Leonard Calvert
    Leonard Calvert
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Leonard Calvert
    Proprietary Governor of Maryland, 1634-1647, born in England, 1607; died in Maryland, 9 June, 1647. He was the second son of George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore. In 1629 he was sent to Newfoundland in charge of a vessel to protect the colony of Avalon against the depredations of French cruisers. In 1633, his brother, the second Lord Baltimore, appointed him Governor of Maryland and sent him in charge of an expedition to make a settlement. Two vessels, the Ark and Dove, carrying over 300 settlers sailed from the harbour of Cowes, 22 November, 1633, arriving at point Comfort, Virginia, 24 February, 1634. On 27 March they landed at what is now St. Mary's, then the site of an Indian village, and they began the work of establishing a settlement. The Indians received them kindly and sold them the land. Clayborne of the Virginia colony had established a trading post on Kent Island, which was in the domain of Maryland. After the settlement at St. Mary's this trade was continued. Trouble arose and Clayborne went to England to lay is claims before the king, but was informed that the island belonged to Lord Baltimore. The governor at once took possession of the island and established a settlement there.
    The troubles in England following 1640 were responsible for disturbances in Maryland. In 1643 Governor Calvert went to England to discuss policies with the proprietor, leaving the affairs of the colony in charge of acting Governor Brent. At the close of 1643 Captain Ingle appeared at St. Mary's with a vessel commissioned by Parliament. The ship was captured and the oath against Parliament was tendered the crew. Ingle escaped. When Governor Calvert returned he found the colony distracted by factions. Ingle returned the following year, and, with the assistance of the Protestants (Protestantism) and Clayborne, the Catholics, including Governor Calvert, were driven into Virginia. An oath of submission was tendered but not one Catholic took it. The Jesuit priests were sent to England. A state of anarchy prevailed for two years. Calvert returned in 1646 and captured St. Mary's, and in the following year Kent island. he favored the right of initiative in legislation by the colonists and won for them this privilege. In the difficulty between the proprietor and the Jesuits, he sympathized with the latter and prevented a rupture between them. In 1890 the state of Maryland erected a monument to him and his wife at St. Mary's.
    J.E. HAGERTY
    Transcribed by M. Donahue

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Leonard Calvert — (1606 1647) was the first Governor of the Province of Maryland.He was the second son of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore, the first proprietor of the Province of Maryland, with his eldest brother, Cecil destined to inherit the colony and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Leonard Calvert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Calvert. Leonard Calvert (1606 1647) est le second fils de George Calvert. Biographie Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Votre aide est la bienvenue ! Leonard Calvert alla en 163 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benedict Leonard Calvert — was the proprietary governor of the Maryland colony from 1727 through 1731, appointed by his brother, Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore. He was named for his father, Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore …   Wikipedia

  • Calvert — ist der Name einer aus Yorkshire stammenden Familie, die ab 1625 die irische Baronie Baltimore innehatte. Zu ihren Angehörigen zählen George Calvert, 1. Baron Baltimore (1580–1632) Cæcilius Calvert, 2. Baron Baltimore (1605–1675) Leonard Calvert… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calvert (name) — Calvert is a given name and a surname.People with the first name Calvert* Calvert DeForest (1921 2007), American actor and comedian * Calvert L. Willey (1920 1994), second Executive Vice President of the Institute of Food Technologists * Calvert… …   Wikipedia

  • LEONARD — Léonard Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Léonard est un prénom français d origine Germanique. Les premières mention date du VIe siècle. À l époque mérovingienne on disait Liudhard… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leonard — Léonard Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Léonard est un prénom français d origine Germanique. Les premières mention date du VIe siècle. À l époque mérovingienne on disait Liudhard… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calvert, Leonard — born с 1606, England died June 9, 1647, St. Mary s, Md. First governor of the Maryland colony. He was the younger brother of Cecil Calvert, the colony s proprietor. In 1633 he was sent from England to establish a settlement at St. Mary s. He… …   Universalium

  • Calvert — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronymes Ben Calvert, musicien Cecilius Calvert (1605–1675), 2e baron Baltimore, colonisateur anglais Frank Calvert (1828–1908), diplomate anglais… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calvert County Public Schools — is a public school district serving all of Calvert County, Maryland. The district is governed by a six person Board of Education, five of which are elected by the public in non partisan elections, and a student elected by the Calvert Association… …   Wikipedia

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