Karl Ernst Jarcke
Karl Ernst Jarcke
    Karl Ernst Jarcke
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Karl Ernst Jarcke
    Born 10 November, 1801, at Danzig, Prussia; died 27 December, 1852, at Vienna. He belonged to a Protestant (Protestantism) merchant family. He took up the study of jurisprudence, and became at an early age professor of criminal law at Bonn and later in Berlin. His scholarly attachments were especially revealed in his "Handbuch des gemeinen deutschen Strafrechts" (3 vols., 1827-30). Longing for faith and overcome by the conclusively and immensity of Catholic dogma, as he found it disclosed in the decrees of the Council of Trent, he embraced the Catholic Faith at Cologne in 1824. After the outbreak of the Revolution of July in Paris, he wrote an anonymous political brochure, "Die franzosische Revolution von 1830". It met the emphatic approval of the circle of friends of the then Crown Prince (later King Frederick William IV), which was composed of men of anti-revolutionary views, influenced by Romanticism and by Haller. Jarcke assumed the editorship of the periodical "Politische Wochenblatt", founded by these men in 1831 to promote their ideas. In 1832 Metternich called him to the State Chancery in Vienna to succeed the late Friedrich Gentz. He accepted the call, but continued an active collaborator of the weekly journal. The residence in Vienna did not satisfy him. In 1837 he broke with his Berlin friends on the subject of the "Cologne Occurrence" — the imprisonment of the Archbishop of Cologne — of which they approved but which he condemned. In 1838 he founded with Phillips the "Historisch-politische Blatter" to support Catholic interests in Germany. When Metternich was overthrown in 1848 Jarcke left Vienna, but returned there when order was restored, and died shortly after. His ideal was the "Germanic State" of the Middle Ages; at its head an hereditary monarch, all claims of the princes on their subjects to be regulated by treaties, the state to be occupied only with the defence in war and the administration of justice; in domestic affairs entirely unrestricted opportunities for development within the confederacy. Of "political necessities", "measures for the welfare of the state", and of a "constitution" Jarcke wished to know nothing, except perhaps of a restriction of the royal prerogative by an advisory popular assembly, which however must be representative of the professions and the interests at stake, not merely founded on a general or property qualification franchise. In his articles on the relations between Church and State he combated especially the Protestant (Protestantism) and Liberal views. In seeming contradiction to his anti-revolutionary year of 1848, and he took a willing part in the Catholic movement which began at that time.
    MARTIN SPAHN
    Transcribed by Christine J. Murray

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Karl Ernst Jarcke — (born 10 November, 1801, Danzig, Prussia; died 27 December, 1852, Vienna) was a German publisher and professor of criminal law, who took a conservative stance towards revolutionary movements in the early nineteenth century. He belonged to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Karl Ernst Jarcke — Carl Ernst Jarcke, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1834 Carl Ernst Jarcke (* 10. November 1801 in Danzig; † 27. Dezember 1852 in Wien) war ein Jurist und politischer Publizist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jarcke, Karl Ernst — • Born 10 November, 1801, at Danzig, Prussia; died 27 December, 1852, at Vienna. He belonged to a Protestant merchant family. He took up the study of jurisprudence, and became at an early age professor of criminal law at Bonn and later in Berlin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Carl Ernst Jarcke — Carl Ernst Jarcke, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1834 Carl Ernst Jarcke (* 10. November 1801 in Danzig; † 27. Dezember 1852 in Wien) war ein Jurist und politischer Publizist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Ludwig von Haller — Karl (auch: Carl) Ludwig von Haller (* 1. August 1768 in Bern; † 20. Mai 1854 in Solothurn) war ein Schweizer Staatsrechtler, Politiker, Publizist und Nationalökonom in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jarcke — Jarcke, Karl Ernst, geb. 1799 in Danzig, studirte in Bonn Jurisprudenz, trat dort zum Katholicismus über, habilitirte sich daselbst als Privatdocent, ging später als Advocat nach Köln, von da nach Berlin, wo er Vorlesungen an der Universität… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jarcke — Jarcke, Karl Ernst, deutscher Publizist, geb. 10. Nov. 1801 in Danzig, gest. 28. Dez. 1852 in Wien, ward als Student der Rechte in Bonn von der Begeisterung, die nach dem Befreiungskrieg die deutsche Jugend zur Stiftung der Burschenschaft… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jarcke — Jarcke, Karl Ernst, geb. 1801 zu Danzig. Rechtsgelehrter und politischer Schriftsteller, von 1822 Docent an der Universität zu Bonn, trat 1825 zur kathol. Kirche zurück, kam im gleichen Jahre als Professor nach Berlin, gründete Ende 1830 das… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Jarcke — Carl Ernst Jarcke, Lithographie von Josef Kriehuber, 1834 Carl Ernst Jarcke (* 10. November 1801 in Danzig; † 27. Dezember 1852 in Wien) war ein Jurist und politischer Publizist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Sand — Karl Ludwig Sand Karl Ludwig Sand (* 5. Oktober 1795 im damals preußischen Wunsiedel; † 20. Mai 1820 in Mannheim) war ein radikaler deutscher Burschenschafter und Mörder August von Kotzebues. Inhalt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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