Juan Melendez Valdes
Juan Melendez Valdes
    Juan Meléndez Valdés
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Juan Meléndez Valdés
    Spanish poet and politician, b. at Ribera del Fresno (Badajoz) 11 March, 1754; d. in exile at Montpelier, France, 24 May, 1817. He studied law at Salamanca and while there, began his poetical career. In 1780, with his "Batilo", he won a prize offered by the Spanish Academy for the best ecologue on the pleasures of life in the country. In 1781 he went to Madrid where he made the acquaintance of the minister and author, Jovelannos, whose favour he enjoyed, and who had him appointed to a chair in the University of Salamanca. In 1784 Meléndez was one of over fifty competitors for a prize offered by the city of Madrid for the best dramatic composition. His comedy, "Las bodas de Camacho el rico" founded on the famous story of Cervantes, was awarded the prize and presented, but, as a stage production, it was not successful. This failure gave his detractors opportunity for much unfavourable criticism. Meléndez answered by publishing in 1785 the first volume of his poems which met with such success that it quickly ran through several editions and firmly established his literary reputation. He now entered upon a political career which was to prove his ruin. Through the favour of his friend Jovellanos, he obtained the posts successively of judge of the court of Saragossa in 1789, judicial chancellor at Valladolid in 1791, and fiscal of the supreme court in Madrid in 1797. On the fall of Jovellanos, Meléndez was ordered to leave Madrid, and after brief stays in Medina del Campo and Zamora, he finally established his residence at Salamanca. After the revolution of 1808, Meléndez accepted from the government of Joseph Bonaparte the post of councillor of state, and late patriotism naturally involved him in trouble with his countrymen, so that when the Spaniards returned to power in 1813, he was compelled to flee to France. Here he passed four years amid misery and misfortune, and died at Montpellier poor and neglected in his sixty-fourth year.
    Though Meléndez cannot be considered a great poet, he was not lacking in talent. His poems are characterized by delicacy of expression and grace, rather than by vigour and great flights of fancy. He shows to best advantage in his eclogues and romances, which are distinguished for their easy flow and facility. In spite of the fact that he is but little read to-day, he undeniably exercised some influences in the literary restoration during the reign of Charles III, and has sometimes been called by admiring Spaniards "Restaurador del Parnaso" (Restorer of Parnassus). Besides the works already mentioned, Meléndez wrote a lyric poem on the creation, an epic entitled "La Caida de Luzbel", an ode to Winter, and a translation of the Ænid. Complete editions of the poems of Meléndez, with a life of the author by Quintana, were published in Madrid in 1820 (4 volumes) and in Barcelona in 1838. "La Biblioteca de Autores Españoles" (LXIII) reproduces the poems.
    QUINTANA, Notice sur la vie de Meléndez Valdes (prefixed to the edition of the poet's works published at Madrid, 1820); Poesias ineditas in Revue hispanique (Paris, 1894-97).
    VENTURA FUENTES
    Transcribed by Dennis P. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Juan Meléndez Valdés — Juan Meléndez Valdés, retratado por Goya en 1797. (No confundir con el obispo de Salamanca Diego Meléndez de Valdés del siglo XV) Juan Meléndez Valdés (Ribera del Fresno, provincia de Badajoz, 11 de marzo de 1754 Montpellier …   Wikipedia Español

  • Juan Meléndez Valdés — Juan Meléndez Valdés, by Francisco de Goya circa 1790 Juan Meléndez Valdés (11 March 1754 – 24 May 1817) was a Spanish neoclassical poet. Biography He was born at Ribera del Fresno, in what is now the province of Badajoz. Destined by his parents… …   Wikipedia

  • Juan Melendez Valdes — Juan Meléndez Valdés Juan Meléndez Valdés, par Goya, 1797. Juan Meléndez Valdés, né à Ribera del Fresno (Badajoz) le 11 mars 1754 et mort à Montpellier le 24 mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan Meléndez Valdés — Juan Meléndez Valdés, par Goya, 1797. Juan Meléndez Valdés, né à Ribera del Fresno (Badajoz) le 11 mars 1754 et mort à Montpellier le 24 mai 1817 est un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Juan Meléndez Valdés — Juan Meléndez Valdés. (Ribera del Fresno, provincia de Badajoz, 11 de marzo de 1754 Montpellier, Francia, 24 de mayo de 1817). Poeta y político español En Madrid estudio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MELÉNDEZ VALDÉS (J.) — MELÉNDEZ VALDÉS JUAN (1754 1817) Considéré comme le plus important poète lyrique de l’école de Salamanque dans le dernier tiers du XVIIIe siècle, Juan Meléndez Valdés allie dans son œuvre les courants anacréontiques et pastoraux et les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Meléndez Valdés, Juan — • Spanish poet and politician, b. at Ribera del Fresno (Badajoz) 11 March, 1754; d. in exile at Montpelier, France, 24 May, 1817 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Meléndez Valdes — Meléndez Valdes, Don Juan, span. Dichter, geb. 11. März 1754 zu Ribera del Fresno, gest. 24. Mai 1817 als polit. Flüchtling zu Montpellier; seine Gedichte (1785 u.ö.) in den alten Nationalformen gehalten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Melendez Valdes — Melendez Valdes, Don Juan. geb. 1754, span. Dichter, von seiner Nation als der Wiederhersteller der vaterländischen Poesie gefeiert, st. 1817 als Verbannter zu Montpellier, weil er, früher königl. Beamter, dem Joseph Bonaparte als Staatsrath… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Meléndez Valdés — Meléndez Valdés, Juan …   Enciclopedia Universal

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