Joseph Georg Strossmayer
Joseph Georg Strossmayer
    Joseph Georg Strossmayer
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Joseph Georg Strossmayer
    (Josip Juraj), Bishop of Diakovár, born at Essegg in Croatia-Slavonia, 4 February, 1815; died 8 April, 1905. He came from a family of German peasants who had immigrated into Croatia. After attending the gymnasium of his native town, he studied theology in the seminary at Diakovár and the higher seminary at Budapest, where he obtained the degree of Doctor of Philosophy when only twenty years of age. In 1838 he was ordained priest and was for two years vicar at Peterwardein. In 1840 he went to the Augustineum at Vienna; in 1842 obtained the degree of Doctor of Theology, and was then made professor at Diakovár. In 1847 he became court chaplain, prefect in the Augustineum and professor of canon law at the University of Vienna. On 18 November, 1849, he was appointed Bishop of Diakovár, and was consecrated on 8 September, 1850. At the same time he was Apostolic Administrator of Belgrade-Semendria in Serbia. In 1898 the pope conferred the pallium on him.
    At the Vatican Council he was one of the most notable opponents of papal infallibility, and distinguished himself as a speaker. The pope praised Strossmayer's "remarkably good Latin." A speech in which he defended Protestantism made a great sensation. Afterwards another speech, delivered apparently on 2 June, 1870, was imputed to him. It is full of heresies and denies not only infallibility but also the primacy of the pope. The forger is said to have been a former Augustinian, a Mexican named Dr. José Agustín de Escudero. After the council Strossmayer maintained his opposition longer than all the other bishops and kept up a connection with Döllinger and Reinkens until October, 1871. Then he notified them that he intended to yield "at least outwardly". Finally, on 26 December, 1872, he published the decrees of the council in his official paper. At a later date he repeatedly proclaimed his submission to the pope, as in his pastoral letter of 28 February, 1881, on Sts. Cyril and Methodius, expressing his devotion to the papal see at times in extravagant language.
    In politics he was an active supporter of the Croatian national party and Panslavism. He exerted himself to advance his people in civilization, yet he strengthened national hatreds by his political agitation. He used the large revenues of his diocese to found primary schools, a seminary, the academy for southern Slavs at Agram (1867), the university (1874), and a picture gallery also at Agram. Under his direction Augustín Theiner edited the "Vetera monumenta Slavorum meridionalium" (1863). During 1866-82 he built a fine and splendidly ornamented cathedral. He sought to win the non-Catholic Serbians to Rome by the use of the Old Slavonic liturgy.
    KLEMENS LÖFFLER

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strossmayer, Joseph Georg — • Josip Juraj, Bishop of Diakovár, born at Essegg in Croatia Slavonia, 4 February, 1815; died 8 April, 1905 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Strossmayer, Joseph Georg      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Strossmayer — Portrait von Josip Juraj Strossmayer Strossmayer Denkmal in Đakovo Josip Juraj Strossmayer (auch Joseph Georg Strossmayer und Josip Juraj Štrosmajer) (* 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Strossmayer — Strọssmayer,   Joseph Georg, kroatischer Theologe und Politiker, Strosmajer, Josip Juraj …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Josip Juraj Strossmayer — Joseph Strossmayer Strossmayer, . Biographie Naissance 4 février 1815 Osijek Ordination sacerdotale 1838 Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Josip Juraj Strossmayer — Portrait von Josip Juraj Strossmayer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josip Juraj Strossmayer — Obispo de Bosnia, Đakovo y Sirmia Ordenación 18 de noviembre de 1849 Otros títulos Obispo coadjutor de Petrovaradim …   Wikipedia Español

  • Josip Juraj Strossmayer — Infobox Person name = Joseph Juraj Strossmayer image size = 200px caption = birth name = birth date = February 4, 1815 birth place = death date = May 8, 1905 death place = death cause = resting place = resting place coordinates = residence =… …   Wikipedia

  • Josip Strossmayer — Josip Juraj Strossmayer Josip Juraj Strossmayer Josip Juraj Strossmayer (aussi appelé Joseph Georg Strossmayer) est né le 4 février 1815 à Osijek et est décédé le 8 mai 1905 à Djakovo. Son nom est de consonance germanique car son grand père était …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stroßmayr — Portrait von Josip Juraj Strossmayer Strossmayer Denkmal in Đakovo Josip Juraj Strossmayer (auch Joseph Georg Strossmayer und Josip Juraj Štrosmajer) (* 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diakovár — • See of the Bishop of the united Dioceses of Bosnia or Diakovár and Syrmia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Diakovar     Diakovár      …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”