John Kemp
John Kemp
    John Kemp
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Kemp
    Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Chancellor of England; b. at Wye, Kent, about 1380; d. at Lambeth, 22 March, 1454. He was the son of Thomas Kemp of Ollantigh, near Ashford, and Beatrice Lewknor, and was educated at Merton College, Oxford. Having become doctor of laws, he practised as an ecclesiastical lawyer with such success that in 1415 he was made dean of the Court of Arches and vicar-general to the Archbishop of Canterbury. King Henry V also utilized his diplomatic talents in several embassies. Appointed Bishop of Rochester by papal provision, 26 June, 1419, he was consecrated in the following December. In 1421 he was translated to Chichester, and eight months later to London, by provision of Martin V. On the death of King Henry V, whom he had served as Chancellor of Normandy, he was made a member of the new council, in which capacity he supported Cardinal Beaufort against Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester. In 1426 he was made first Chancellor and then Archbishop of York.
    His political differences with Gloucester led to his resigning the chancellorship in 1432, but he continued to be active in public life as a supporter of the peace party, who wished to end the long war with France. In 1433 he was the head of the important but fruitless embassy to the congress of Arras, when a settlement was vainly attempted under the auspices of the papal legates. In 1439 he was created Cardinal by Eugene IV, his title being Sancta Balbina. After the deaths of his opponent Gloucester and his friend Beaufort, he set himself to resist the power of the Duke of Suffolk, and in 1450 he was again chancellor. In this capacity he put down the Kentish rebellion, and amid the growing likelihood of civil war remained the mainstay of the king's party against the Yorkists. In 1452 Nicholas V transferred him from York to Canterbury, giving him the pallium on 24 Sept. The same pope made him a cardinal bishop by dividing the See of Porto from that of Santa Rufina and making Kemp bishop of the last-named diocese. His last days were agitated by the tumultuous proceedings of the London cltizens, who, supported by the Yorkists, were threatening him with violence, when the end came. He lies buried in Canterbury cathedral. More statesman than bishop, he was accused with reason of neglecting his dioceses, but his private life was distinguished by wisdom, learning and uprightness.
    HOOK, Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury (London, 1860-1884); WILLIAMS, Lives of the English Cardinals (London, 1868); GAIRDNER, Preface to the Paston Letters (London, 1872); TOUT in Dict. Nat. Biog., s.v.
    EDWIN BURTON

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Kemp — (* 1380 in Wye/Ollantigh, Kent; † 22. März 1454 in Canterbury) war Erzbischof von Canterbury und Lordkanzler. Außerdem war er Bischof von Chichester, London und Rochester sowie Erzbischof von York. Leben Kemp wurde Kirchenanwalt, trat später in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Kemp — Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury Full name = John Kemp birth name = John Kemp began=unknown consecration = translated 21 July 1452 term end = 22 March 1454 predecessor = John Stafford successor = Thomas Bourchier birth date = about 1380 death… …   Wikipedia

  • John Kemp, 1st Viscount Rochdale — John Durival Kemp, 1st Viscount Rochdale OBE (5 June 1906 ndash;1993) was a British peer and businessman.Kemp married Elinor Dorothea Pease on 18 March 1931 and succeeded to his father s title as the 2nd Baron Rochdale in 1945. He was created… …   Wikipedia

  • John Kemp Starley — ou John K. Starley est un inventeur et industriel britannique, né en 1854 à Walthamstow (actuel district londonien de Waltham Forest), mort en 1901. Neveu de l inventeur James Starley, il est habituellement considéré comme l un des inventeurs de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Kemp Starley — (1854 1901) was an English inventor and industrialist who is widely consideredby whom? to be the inventor of the modern bicycle, and also originator of the name Rover. Starley was born in Walthamstow, Essex, and was the son of a gardener. In 1872 …   Wikipedia

  • John Kemp Starley — Erstes Rover Bike Rover …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • St John Kemp, 2nd Viscount Rochdale — St John Durival Kemp, 2nd Viscount Rochdale (15 January 1938 ndash;) is a British peer.Kemp has been married twice, firstly to Serena Jane Clark Hall on 5 January 1960 with whom he had four children: * Jonathan Hugo Durival Kemp (10 June 1961… …   Wikipedia

  • Kemp, John — • Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury, Chancellor of England (1380 1454) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Kemp, John     John Kemp …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John K. Starley — John Kemp Starley John Kemp Starley ou John K. Starley est un inventeur et industriel britannique, né en 1854 à Walthamstow (actuel district londonien de Waltham Forest), mort en 1901. Neveu de l inventeur James Starley, il est habituellement… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kemp — heißen die Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Kemp (Georgia) Kemp (Oklahoma) Kemp (Henderson County, Texas) Kemp (Kaufman County, Texas) Kemp Township (Bryan County, Oklahoma) Kemp ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert Edward Kemp… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”