John Caryll
John Caryll
    John Caryll
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Caryll
    Poet, dramatist, and diplomatist, b. at West Harting, England, 1625; d. 1711; not to be confounded with his nephew, John Caryll, immortalized by a line in Pope's "Rape of the Lock". He was head of an old English Catholic and royalist family at that time settled at West Harting, in Sussex. His father, of whom he was heir, was likewise named John; his mother was a daughter of William, second Baron Petre. Of his education he received part at the English college of Saint-Omer, in Artois, part at the English College in Rome. During the reign of Charles II he produced several plays and poems of more than average merit. In poetry his chief performances were a translation of Ovid's Epistle of Briseïs to Achilles, first appearing in 1680 in a work entitled "Ovid's Epistles, translated by several hands", and afterwards separately; also a translation of Vergil's first Eclogue, printed in Nichol's "Select Collection of Miscellany Poems" and published in 1683. His plays, both of them brought out at the Duke of York's Theatre, were a tragedy written in 1666 and called "The English Princess, or the death of Richard III" (Samuel Pepys, who saw this piece acted 7 March, 1667, found it no more than "pretty good"), and a comedy entitled "Sir Solomon Single, or the Cautious Coxcomb", which came out in 1671, upon the pattern of Moliere's "Ecole des Femmes". In 1679, during the national madness brought on by Titus Oates's pretended "Popish Plot", Caryll, as a Catholic of distinction, was committed to the Tower of London, whence he had the good luck soon to be let out on bail. When James II succeeded to the throne in 1685, he sent Caryll as his agent to the court of Pope Innocent XI, withdrawing him some months later upon the Earl of Castlemaine's appointment to that post. Caryll was then appointed secretary to Queen Mary of Modena, in whose service he continued after the Revolution of 1688, when he followed the exiled royal family across the sea to Saint-Germain. From his voluntary expatriation, however, there ensued no confiscation of his property until 1696, when, by reason of his implication in one of the plots to overthrow William III, he having furnished money for that purpose, his estate at West Harting was declared forfeited and himself attainted. His life interest in West Harting was thereon granted to Lord Cutts, but redeemed by Caryll's nephew aforesaid for £6,000. The dethroned King James II died in 1701, being succeeded in his rights and claims by his son, the so-called Pretender, who as King James III conferred upon Caryll the empty title of Baron Caryll of Dunford and the office of one of his secretaries of state. Meanwhile, in 1700, Caryll had published anonymously another work, this time in prose, entitled "The Psalmes of David, translated from the Vulgat". He died 4 September, 1711, and was buried at Paris in the church of the Scotch college, of which he had been a benefactor and where there was set up a tablet to his memory. He left no issue. His wife was Margaret, a daughter and co-heir of Sir Maurice Drummond. One of his sisters, Mary, became first abbess of the English Benedictine nuns at Dunkirk. The last of the Caryll family, a grandson of the above mentioned nephew, died in poverty at Dunkirk in 1788.
    C.T. BOOTHMAN
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • John Caryll the younger — John Caryll, (born 9 December 1667, died April 1736) was the second Jacobite Baron Caryll of Durford.A friend of Alexander Pope, Caryll was the son of Richard Caryll (1635–1701), of West Grinstead, Sussex, and Frances (c.1644–1704), daughter of… …   Wikipedia

  • John Caryll (senior) — John Caryll (b. West Harting, England, 1625; d. 1711), 1st Baron Caryll of Durford, in the Jacobite Peerage, was a poet, dramatist, and diplomat; not to be confused with his nephew, John Caryll, the dedicatee of Alexander Pope s Rape of the Lock …   Wikipedia

  • John Caryll (disambiguation) — John Caryll may refer to:**John Caryll (senior) (1625 1711), first Baron Caryll of Durford **John Caryll the younger (1667 1736), second Baron Caryll of Durford **John Baptist Caryll (1713 1788), third and last Baron Caryll of Durfordee also*John …   Wikipedia

  • Caryll, John — • Poet, dramatist, and diplomatist, b. at West Harting, England, 1625; d. 1711 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Caryll, John     John Caryll …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John Baptist Caryll — John Baptist Caryll, (born 13 December, 1713, died 7 March 1788) was the third Jacobite Baron Caryll of Durford.Caryll was the eldest son of the Honourable John Caryll (28 December 1687 6 April 1718), who predeceased his father, the 2nd Baron… …   Wikipedia

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  • Caryll, Lord John — (1625 1711)    Caryll came from an old established Roman Catholic family from West Harting in Sussex. He was temporarily the English agent at the court of Rome before becoming secretary to Mary of Modena, the second wife of James II, in 1686. He… …   British and Irish poets

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  • Baron Caryll of Durford — (or Dunford) of Hartling in West Sussex is a title in the Jacobite Peerage of England created by the dethroned King James II for John Caryll, poet, dramatist and diplomat, with apparently a special remainder to the issue male of his brothers. The …   Wikipedia

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