Johannes Pfefferkorn
Johannes Pfefferkorn
    Johannes Pfefferkorn
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Johannes Pfefferkorn
    A baptized Jew, b. probably at Nuremberg, 1469; d. at Cologne, between 1521 and 1524. In 1505, after many years of wandering, he, together with his wife and children, was converted to Christianity at Cologne. He soon became known through his efforts for the conversion of the Jews and his controversy with Reuchlin. In "Der Judenspiegel" (Cologne, 1507), he demanded that the Jews should give up the practice of usury, work for their living, attend Christian sermons, and do away with the Books of the Talmud, which caused such hatred against Christianity. On the other hand, he condemned the persecution of the Jews as an obstacle to their conversion, and defended them against the charge of murdering Christian children for ritual purposes. Bitterly opposed by the Jews on account of this work, he virulently attacked them in: "Wie die blinden Jüden ihr Ostern halten" (1508); "Judenbeicht" (1508); and "Judenfeind" (1509). Convinced that the principal source of the obduracy of the Jews lay in their books, he tried to have them seized and destroyed. He obtained from several Dominican convents recommendations to Kunigunde, the sister of the Emperor Maximilian, and through her influence to the emperor himself. On 19 August, 1509, Maximilian ordered the Jews to deliver to Pfefferkorn all books opposing Christianity. Pfefferkorn began the work of confiscation at Frankfort-on-the- Main; thence he went to Worms, Mainz, Bingen, Lorch, Lahnstein, and Deutz. But a new imperial mandate of 10 Nov., 1509, gave the direction of the whole affair to the Elector and Archbishop of Mainz, Uriel von Gemmingen, with orders to secure opinions from the Universities of Mainz, Cologne, Erfurt, and Heidelberg, from the inquisitor Jakob Hochstraten of Cologne, from the priest Victor von Carben, and from Johann Reuchlin. Pfefferkorn, in order to vindicate his action and to gain still further the good will of the emperor, wrote "In Lob und Eer dem allerdurchleuchtigsten grossmechtigsten Fürsten und Herrn Maximilian" (Cologne, 1510). In April he was again at Frankfort, and with the delegate of the Elector of Mainz and Professor Hermann Ortlieb, he undertook a new confiscation.
    Hochstraten and the Universities of Mainz and Cologne decided (Oct 1510) against the Jewish books. Reuchlin declared that only those books obviously offensive (as the "Nizachon" and "Toldoth Jeschu") would be destroyed. The elector sent all the answers received at the end of October to the emperor through Pfefferkorn. Thus informed of Reuchlin's vote Pfefferkorn was greatly excited, and answered with "Handspiegel" (Mainz, 1511), in which he attacked Reuchlin unmercifully. Reuchlin complained to the Emperor Maximilian, and he answered Pfefferkorn's attack with his "Augenspiegel", against which Pfefferkorn published his "Brandspiegel". In June, 1513, both parties were silenced by the emperor. Pfefferkorn however published in 1514 a new polemic, "Sturmglock", against both the Jews and Reuchlin. During the controversy between Reuchlin and the theologians of Cologne, Pfefferkorn was assailed in the "Epistolæ obscurorum virorum" by the young Humanists who espoused Reuchlin's cause. He replied with "Beschirmung", or "Defensio J. Pepericorni contra famosas et criminales obscurorum virorum epistolas" (Cologne, 1516), "Streitbüchlein" (1517). When in 1520 Reuchlin's case was decided in Rome by the condemnation of "Augenspiegel", Pfefferkorn wrote as an expression of his triumph "Ein mitleidliche Klag" (Cologne, 1521). Pfefferkorn was a fanatic and his public and literary life had little of sympathy or grace, but he was certainly an honourable character and the caricature which his opponents have drawn of him is far from true.
    GEIGER, Pfefferkorn in Jüdische Zeitschrift für Wissenschaft und Leben, VII (1869), 293-307; IDEM, Joh. Reuchlin (Leipzig, 1871), 209-17; ROTH, Der Kampf um die Judenbücher und Reuchlin vor der theologischen Fakultät zu Mainz 1509-1513 in Der Katholik, II (1909), 4th series, XL, 139-44; JANSSEN, Geschichte des deutschen Volkes, II (Freiburg, 1897), 43 sq.
    FRIEDRICH LAUCHERT
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to Fr. John Hilkert and St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Johannes Pfefferkorn — Johannes Josef Pfefferkorn (* 1469; † 22. Oktober 1524 in Köln) war ein deutscher Theologe, der vom Judentum zum Katholizismus übertrat. Er befürwortete die Verbrennung des Talmud und ist vor allem durch seine Auseinandersetzung mit Johannes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Pfefferkorn — Johannes (Josef) Pfefferkorn (1469 ndash; 1523) was a Jewish German Catholic theologian and writer who converted from Judaism.cite web url=http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=246 letter=P title=PFEFFERKORN, JOHANN (JOSEPH)… …   Wikipedia

  • Johannes Pfefferkorn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pfefferkorn. Johannes Josef Pfefferkorn né en 1469 et décédé le 22 octobre 1524 à Köln était un essayiste allemand. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Pu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johannes Reuchlin — Johannes Reuchlin. Detail eines Holzschnitts aus einem Einblattdruck von 1516 Johannes Reuchlin (* 29. Januar 1455[1] in Pforzheim; † 30. Juni 1522 in Stuttgart, auch: Johann Reichlin), gräzisiert Kapnion, Capnio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pfefferkorn — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Felix Pfefferkorn (* 1945), deutscher Maler Gerhard Pfefferkorn (1913–1989), deutscher Physiker Ignaz Pfefferkorn S.J. (* 1726; † nach 1795), deutscher Jesuit, Missionar und Naturforscher Johannes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes von Reuchlin — Portrait auf einem Schabkunstblatt von Johann Jakob Haid (1704 1767) Johannes Reuchlin Detail eines Holzschnitts aus einem Einblattdruck 1516 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Reuchlin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reuchlin. Johannes Reuchlin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Johannes Müller (Pastor) — Johann(es) Müller (* 6. Juni 1590 in Breslau; † 29. September 1673 in Hamburg) war ein deutscher lutherischer Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Wirken 3 Werkauswahl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • PFEFFERKORN, JOHANNES — (Joseph; 1469–after 1521), apostate and anti Jewish agitator. Originally from Moravia, Pfefferkorn claimed to have been educated by a relative, Meir Pfefferkorn, a dayyan in Prague. A butcher by profession, he was convicted of burglary and theft …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Pfefferkorn, Johannes — • Convert from Judaism (1469 1521) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”