Jean-Edme-Auguste Gosselin
Jean-Edme-Auguste Gosselin
    Jean-Edmé-Auguste Gosselin
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Jean-Edmé-Auguste Gosselin
    Ecclesiastical author; b. at Rouen, France, 28 Sept., 1787; d. at Paris, 27 Nov., 1858. He studied philosophy and theology at St-Sulpice, Paris, 1806-11; became professor of dogma, while yet a subdeacon, after the expulsion of the Sulpicians from the seminary by Napoleon, 1811; was ordained priest, 1812. On the return of the Sulpicians (1814) he entered their society; was vice-president of the seminary at Issy, 1814-30; professor of theology to the candidates for the society, 1814-18; superior of the seminary from 1831 to 1844, when the feeble state of his health, which had always been delicate, obliged him to resign. His increasing infirmities from that time till his death permitted him to render little service except by his pen and the example of his piety, industry, and fortitude. A charming portrait of M. Gosselin has been left by Ernest Renan; in his "Lettres du Séminaire" we see the impression produced on the young man by his kindness, gentleness, sober piety, and prudence, his vast and varied erudition. And in the work of his old age, "Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse", Renan says: "He was the most polished and amiable man whom I have ever known."
    Besides many minor writings of service in their day, Gosselin left three works which are still of great value. The first is the standard edition of Fénelon in twenty-two volumes (1820-24), to which he added his correspondence in eleven volumes (1827-29), besides a corrected and enlarged edition of Bausset's "Histoire de Fénelon" and other smaller works devoted to the Archbishop of Cambrai. Gosselin's edition is valuable for its notes and discussions, but its accuracy has been somewhat marred by his partiality for Fénelon. Out of it grew his best-known work, "Pouvoir du Pape au moyen âge" (1839; 2nd edition, 1845; tr. as "The Power of the Popes during the Middle Ages", Baltimore, 1853). This remains the classic study of its subject, though in part superseded by Mgr Duchesne's researches. It proved beyond question that the popes exercised temporal power over sovereigns during the Middle Ages. Orestes Brownson, in several articles devoted to it, while admitting its great erudition, attacked its position (adopted from Fénelon), that this power was derived not from Divine authority, but from the public law of that period. Gosselin lived to complete his valuable "Vie de M. Emery" which was revised and published (1861) after his death.
    JOHN F. FENLON
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jean-Edmé-Auguste Gosselin — (b. at Rouen, France, 28 September1787; d. at Paris, 27 November1858) was a French Catholic priest and ecclesiastical author.LifeHe studied philosophy and theology at St Sulpice, Paris, 1806 11; became professor of dogma, while yet a subdeacon,… …   Wikipedia

  • Gosselin, Jean-Edmé-Auguste — • Ecclesiastical author; b. at Rouen, France, 28 Sept., 1787; d. at Paris, 27 Nov., 1858 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres — Ingres redirects here. For the database system, see Ingres (database). Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres Self portrait at age 24, 1804 (revised ca. 1850), oil on canvas, 78 x 61 cm, Musée Condé. Birth name …   Wikipedia

  • Civil allegiance — is the theory of duty of loyalty and obedience which a person owes to the State of which he is a citizen, as defined by Roman Catholicism. [CathEncy|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03794b.htm|title=Civil Allegiance] The word allegiance is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Immortale Dei — is an 1885 encyclical of Pope Leo XIII on Church State relations, and specifically on the topic of civil allegiance, which is defined as a duty of loyalty and obedience which a person owes to the State of which he is a citizen.[1] The word… …   Wikipedia

  • Matthew Kelly (historian) — Matthew Kelly (1814–1858) was an Irish Roman Catholic priest, academic and antiquary. Life Born at Kilkenny 21 September 1814, he was eldest son of James Kelly, by Margaret Sauphy. An uncle, Patrick Kelly, was Bishop of Waterford. Kelly was… …   Wikipedia

  • Fénelon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fénelon (homonymie). Fénelon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cygne de cambrai — Fénelon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fénelon (homonymie). François de Salignac de La Mothe Fénelon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de Pons de Salignac de La Mothe-Fénelon — Fénelon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fénelon (homonymie). François de Salignac de La Mothe Fénelon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • François de Salignac de La Mothe-Fénelon — Fénelon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fénelon (homonymie). François de Salignac de La Mothe Fénelon …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”