Jean-Baptiste Girard
Jean-Baptiste Girard
    Jean-Baptiste Girard
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Jean-Baptiste Girard
    Known as Père Girard, a Swiss pedagogue, b. at Fribourg, 17 December, 1765; d. there, 6 March, 1850. At sixteen he entered the novitiate of the Franciscans at Lucerne; after spending some time teaching in the colleges of the order, he went to Würzburg for his philosophical and theological studies, and was there ordained to the priesthood. Returning to Fribourg in 1789, he spent ten years in missionary work and in teaching philosophy to the young men of his order. His admiration for Kantian ideas, although restricted, was the occasion of suspicion of his orthodoxy. Upon the invitation of Stapfer, minister of arts and sciences, Girard wrote a plan for education in Switzerland and was called to Verne where he remained four years. In 1804 he was recalled to Fribourg, and took up work in the primary schools.
    As director of the schools in Fribourg (1807-1823), Girard made education compulsory, organized the school administration, insisted on the adoption of good textbooks and methods, and introduced the monitorial system, avoiding the abuse of mere memory exercise and making every study converge to the child's complete education. These reforms, though crowned with success, were the occasion for bitter opposition from those who did not realize the importance of education, or adhered to the old routine methods. In 1809 Girard was sent to Yverdun to make a report to the Government on Pestalozzi's institutlon. He had met the latter in Berne and professed the greatest admiration for his ability as an educator, while differing from him on several important points, especially on the value of the monitorial system. This method, in fact, which Girard applied, was opposed by the bishop and the civil authorities of Fribourg, in 1823. Girard abandoned his school and went to Lucerne as professor of philosophy in the gymnasium. In 1834 he returned to Fribourg, where he remained till his death, engaged in educational pursuits and in the publication of some of his works. He had a great reputation in France, being a Knight of the Legion of Honour, and a corresponding member of the Académie des Sciences morales et politiques.
    Besides many reports and memoirs, his principal writings are: "Cours de philosophie fait au Lycée de Lucerne" (1829- 31); "Des moyens de stimuler l'activité dons les écoles" (1835); "Parallèle entre la philosophie et la physique" (1840); and "Cours éducatif de langue maternelle" (Paris, 1840-48). These works banish abstractions that are above the child's intelligence, principles and rules being taught chiefly by means of concrete examples, and difficulties being introduced gradually. They contain the foundation of modern educational textbooks, and are still well worth studying. Père Girard ranks next to Pestalozzi among Swiss pedagogues.
    C.A. DUBRAY
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Jean-baptiste girard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Baptiste et Girard. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jean Baptiste Girard (1680 1733), un jésuite français. Jean Baptiste Girard (1765 1850), un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Baptiste Girard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Baptiste et Girard. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jean Baptiste Girard (1680 1733), un jésuite français. Jean Baptiste Girard (1765 1850), un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste Girard — ist der Name von: Jean Baptiste Girard, (1765 1850) Franziskaner genannt Père Grégoire Jean Baptiste Girard (1680–1733), französischer Jesuitenpater Jean Baptiste Girard (Militär) (1775 1815), französischer General Diese Seite ist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Baptiste Girard — may refer to:* Jean Baptiste Girard (pedagogue) (1765 1850), Swiss Franciscan educator * Jean Baptiste Girard (soldier) (1775 1815), French soldier of the Napoleonic Warsee also*Jean Baptiste Giraud, French sculptor …   Wikipedia

  • Jean Baptiste Girard — Jean Baptiste Girard, als Franziskaner genannt Père Grégoire (* 17. Dezember 1765 in Freiburg im Üechtland; † 6. März 1850 ebenda), war ein Schweizer Pädagoge. Er studierte in Luzern und Würzburg Theologie, die er mit philosophischem Sinn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Baptiste Girard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Baptiste et Girard.  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Jean Baptiste Girard (1680 1733), un jésuite français. Jean Baptiste Girard (1765 1850), un pédagogue …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-baptiste girard (militaire) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Baptiste Girard. Jean Baptiste Girard Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste Girard (jesuite) — Jean Baptiste Girard (jésuite) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Baptiste Girard. Le père Jean Baptiste Girard (1680 1733), jésuite français Le père Jean Baptiste Girard, jésuite français, est né à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-baptiste girard (jésuite) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Baptiste Girard. Le père Jean Baptiste Girard (1680 1733), jésuite français Le père Jean Baptiste Girard, jésuite français, est né à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Baptiste Girard (1680–1733) — Jean Baptiste Girard in einer zeitgenössischen deutschen Illustration. Jean Baptiste Girard (* 1680 in Dole; † 4. Juli 1733 in Dole) war ein französischer Jesuitenpater. Er wurde in den 1730er Jahren europaweit bekannt durch einen ihm… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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