Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa of Nettesheim
Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa of Nettesheim
    Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa of Nettesheim
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa of Nettesheim
    Born 14 September, 1486, at Cologne; died at Grenoble or Lyons in 1534 or 1535. One of the remarkable men of the Renaissance period. Described as a "knight, doctor, and by common reputation, a magician", Agrippa earned and repaid the bitter enmity of his more conservative contemporaries. We find him a student at Cologne and Paris (1506), in Spain (1507-08), a teacher of Hebrew at D"le (1509), a teacher in England (1510), about which time he finished his work "De occulta philosophiâ (Antwerp, 1531), a mixture of Neoplatanism and the Cabbala. He spent some time in Italy in the military service of the Emperor Maximilian, who rewarded his bravery by making him a Ritter or knight. He soon turned however, to other pursuits, studied medicine, Hebrew, alchemy, theology, and finally devoted himself to "Cabalism" under the influence of Reuchlin (q.v.) and Raymund Lully (q.v.). He lived and taught in various places, making friends or enemies wherever he went, but was apparently not very successful financially, as he was banished from Cologne for debt, and spent his last days in poverty, a typical example of the irregular, vicissitudinous life led by his kind at that time. His numerous works, chiefly philosophical, have a strong bias toward "occultism", and run counter to the received opinions of his time in theology and scholastic philosophy. He lived and died nominally a Catholic, but was openly in sympathy with Luther, whose tone towards the Church and her institutions he adopted, while professing that he was merely attacking abuses, not the Church, an attitude frequently assumed at that period.
    His famous work "De incertitudine et vanitate scientiarum", published in 1527, has been translated into many European vernaculars and is well described as a "compound of erudition and ignorance, gravity and vanity". It abounds in denunciations of scholasticism, veneration of Relics and saints, the canon law and the hierarchy, and calls for a return to the Scriptures as the philosopher's stone (Lydius lapis) of Christian teaching. For the rest he is no follower of Luther or his companions. They interest him as the first who stood out with success against Catholic orthodoxy. Giordano Bruno (q.v.) made use of his writings, and their influence was long powerful. Among his minor writings are the often quoted booklet "De nobilitate et præcellentia feminei sexus declamatio", dedicated to Margaret of Austria, "Libellus de sacramento matrimonii", a commentary on the "Ars Brevrs", of Raymond Lully, etc. A complete edition of his works appeared at Lyons in 1600.
    Stöckl, in Kirchenlex., I, 364-366; Morley, Life of Cornelius Agrippa (London, 1856); Prost, Cornelius Agrippa: sa vie et ses œuvres (Paris, 1881).
    FRANCIS W. GREY
    Transcribed by Richard E. Cullen

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim — Heinrich (Henricus) Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (* 14. September 1486 in Köln; † 18. Februar 1535 in Grenoble) war ein deutscher Universalgelehrter, Theologe, Jurist, Arzt und Philosoph. Er zählt in seiner Auseinan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa — Born 15 September 1486(1486 09 15) Cologne, Germany Died 18 February 1535 …   Wikipedia

  • Agrippa of Nettesheim, Heinrich Cornelius — • Described as a knight, doctor, and by common reputation, a magician Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Henricus Cornelius Agrippa ab Nettesheim — Henri Corneille Agrippa de Nettesheim Pour les articles homonymes, voir Agrippa. Henricus Cornelius Agrippa ab Nettesheim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Agrippa von Nettesheim — Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim Heinrich (Henricus) Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (* 14. September 1486 in Köln; † 18. Februar 1535 in Grenoble) war ein deutscher Universalgelehrter, Theo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cornelius Agrippa — Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim Heinrich (Henricus) Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim (* 14. September 1486 in Köln; † 18. Februar 1535 in Grenoble) war ein deutscher Universalgelehrter, Theo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agrippa de Nettesheim — Henri Corneille Agrippa de Nettesheim Pour les articles homonymes, voir Agrippa. Henricus Cornelius Agrippa ab Nettesheim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cornelius Agrippa — Henri Corneille Agrippa de Nettesheim Pour les articles homonymes, voir Agrippa. Henricus Cornelius Agrippa ab Nettesheim …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AGRIPPA VON NETTESHEIM, Heinrich Cornelius — (1486 1535) Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim, a Neoplatonist with a penchant for mysticism, excelled in such wide ranging professions as university professor, soldier, physician, lawyer, astrologer, and occult philosopher. His many… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Agrippa von Nettesheim — Agrippa von Nettesheim, Heinrich Cornelius, Schriftsteller, Arzt, Philosoph und berühmter Schwarzkünstler, geb. 14. Sept. 1486 in Köln, gest. 18. Febr. 1535 in Grenoble, führte ein abenteuerliches Leben. Wegen seines Lobes der Kabbala erfuhr er… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”