Habor
Habor
    Habor
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Habor
    [Heb. habhor; Sept. 'ABwr: IV Kings (II), xvii, 6, 'ABiwr: IV Kings, xviii, 11; XaBwr: I Chronicles 5:26].
    A river of Mesopotamia in Asiatic Turkey, an important eastern affluent of the Euphrates. It still bears the name of Habur. It rises in Mt. Masius (the present Karaja Dagh), some fifty miles north of Resaina (Ras el-'Ain, "the head of the spring"), flows south/southwest, imparting great fertility to its banks in its winding way through the midst of the desert, and falls into the Euphrates at Karkisiya (the ancient Carchemish) after a course, to a great extent navigable, of about two hundred miles. The most important tributary of the Habor is the Jeruyer, or ancient Mygdonius, which flows into it after passing Nisibis and Thubida. In IV Kings, xvii, 6; xviii, 11, the Habor is called "the river of Gozan" (the modern Kaushan), on account of the district of that name which it waters and which is now covered with mounds, the actual remains of Assyrian towns. The river Habor is distinctly named in the cuneiform inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser I (about 1120-1110 B.C.), and, of Asshurnasir-pal (885-860 B.C.), and it seems from the expressions used by the last-named monarch that the river then emptied itself into the Euphrates through several mouths. In I Chronicles v, 26, it is stated that Phul, also called Thelgathphalnasar (Tiglathpileser III), carried away the exiles of the Transjordanic tribes of Israel into the district of the Habor. It is in the same land that according to IV Kings, xvii, 3-6; xviii, 9-11, Salmanasar IV—and perhaps Sargon, his immediate successor—settled the captives—of Northern Israel.
    The Habor of IV Kings and I Chronicles must not be identified with the Chobar (Heb. Kebhar) which is repeatedly mentioned by the prophet Ezechiel (i, 1, 3; iii, 15, 23, etc.), and which was a large navigable canal, east of the Tigris, near Nippur. The Greek historian Procopius (6th cent. after Christ) says that the Chaboras (the classical name of the Habor) formed the limit of the Roman Empire. When the Spanish rabbi Benjamin of Tudela visited (A.D. 1163) the mouth of the Habor, he found near by some two hundred Jews who may have in part been the descendants of the ancient captives of the Assyrian kings. At the present day, the plain of the Habor is a favourite camping ground for wandering Bedouins.
    FRANCIS E. GIGOT
    Transcribed by Mary Ann Grelinger

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HABOR — (Heb. חָבוֹר), a river flowing through Mesopotamia for 218 mi. (350 km.) from north to south in the region of el Jazira, the area between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. It rises from Mt. Kharagah, and is joined by five tributary streams,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HABOR — fluv. et nomen urbis assyriorum. 2. Reg. c. 17. v. 6. c. 18. v. 11. 1. Par. c. 5. v. 26. Idem significat quod Haber …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Habor — Dieser Artikel behandelt den Hagbard der Nordischen Mythologie. Zur Romanfigur Hagbard Celine siehe Illuminatus!, zum Pseudonym Hagbard Celine siehe Karl Koch (Hacker). Hagbard (nach späterer Überlieferung: „Habor“), Sohn des Haamund, ist eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Habor —    The united stream, or, according to others, with beautiful banks, the name of a river in Assyria, and also of the district through which it flowed (1 Chr. 5:26). There is a river called Khabur which rises in the central highlands of Kurdistan …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Habor — Khabur Pour les articles homonymes, voir Habur. Khabur ((tr) Habur, (ar) خابور …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Habor — /hay bawr, bohr/, n. Khabur. * * * …   Universalium

  • Habor — /hay bawr, bohr/, n. Khabur …   Useful english dictionary

  • Habor River — • A river of Mesopotamia in Asiatic Turkey, an important eastern affluent of the Euphrates Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pearl Habor: Eintritt der USA in den Zweiten Weltkrieg —   Mit der Proklamation des japanischen Marionettenstaates Mandschukuo begann 1932 die Expansion Japans auf dem asiatischen Festland. Seit Sommer 1937 befand sich Japan erneut im Krieg mit China, Ende des Jahres war ganz Nordchina erobert, Peking… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ABOR vel HABOR — circa Mediam regio. 2. Reg. c. 17. v. 6. ad Gozan fluv. Villae quoque nomen esse in Mediâ, scribit Hieron …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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