Giuseppe Campani
Giuseppe Campani
    Giuseppe Campani
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Giuseppe Campani
    An Italian optician and astronomer who lived in Rome during the latter half of the seventeenth century. His brother, Matteo Campani-Alimensis, and he weere experts in grinding and polishing lenses, especially those of great focal length and slight curvature. These lenses were used in long telescopes of considerable power. The astronomer Cassini made his discoveries with these lenses. Campani also made many observations himself. Cassini called his attention to the spots on Jupiter, and he disputed with Eustachio Divini, an Italian optician, the priority of their discovery. His astronomical observations and his descriptions of his telescopes are detailed in the following papers: "Ragguaglio di due nuovi osservazioni, una celeste in ordine alla stella di Saturno, e terrestre l'altra in ordine agl' instrumenti" (Rome, 1664, and again in 1665); "Lettere di G. C. al sig. Giovanni Domenico Cassini intorno alle ombre delle stelle Medicee nel volto di Giove, ed altri nuovi fenomeni celesti scoperti co' suoi occhiali" (Rome, 1666).
    His brother, mentioned above, is also noted as a mechanician for his work on clocks. He was a priest in charge of a parish in Rome. Louis XIV of France ordered several long-focus lenses (86, 100, 136 feet respectively) for Cassini, who discovered with their aid additional satellites of Saturn.
    Jöcher (Adelung), Allgem. Gelehrten-Lexicon: Auzout, Lettre à l'abbé Charles.
    WILLIAM FOX
    Transcribed by William D. Neville

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Giuseppe Campani — (1635 1715) was an Italian optician and astronomer who lived in Rome during the latter half of the 17th century.His brother, Matteo Campani Alimenis, and he were experts in grinding and polishing lenses, especially those of great focal length and …   Wikipedia

  • Campani, Giuseppe — • Italian optician and astronomer who lived in Rome during the latter half of the seventeenth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Campani, Giuseppe — ▪ Italian inventor born 1635, Castel San Felice [Italy] died July 28, 1715, Rome, Papal States       Italian optical instrument (optics) maker who invented a lens grinding lathe.       Of peasant origin, Campani as a young man studied in Rome.… …   Universalium

  • Matteo Campani-Alimenis — Matteo or Mathieu Campani Alimenis (born in Spoleto, Italy) was a mechanician and natural philosopher of the 17th century. He held a curacy at Rome in 1661, but devoted himself principally to scientific pursuits. As an optician he is chiefly… …   Wikipedia

  • Καμπάνι, Τζουζέπε — (Giuseppe Campani, 1635 – 1715). Ιταλός οπτικός και αστρονόμος. Κατασκεύασε μικροσκόπια και τηλεσκόπια μεγάλης ισχύος, ανάμεσα στα οποία ήταν και αυτό που χρησιμοποίησε ο Κασίνι, με το οποίο ανακάλυψε δύο δορυφόρους του Κρόνου …   Dictionary of Greek

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  • Adrien Auzout — (* 28. Januar 1622 in Rouen, Frankreich; † 23. Mai 1691 in Rom) war ein französischer Physiker und Astronom. Er verbesserte astronomische Instrumente und war Miterfinder des Fadenkreuzes und 1666 des Schraubenmikrometers am Messkreis des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auzout — Adrien Auzout (* 28. Januar 1622 in Rouen, Frankreich; † 23. Mai 1691 in Rom) war ein französischer Physiker und Astronom. Er verbesserte astronomische Instrumente und war Miterfinder des Fadenkreuzes und 1666 des Schraubenmikrometers am… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Cassini — Giovanni Domenico Cassini Giovanni Domenico Cassini (* 8. Juni 1625 in Perinaldo nahe Nizza, Italien; † 14. September 1712 in Paris), ab 1673 auch Jean Dominique Cassini I. genannt, war ein französischer Astronom und Mathematiker italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Domenico Cassini — (* 8. Juni 1625 in Perinaldo nahe Nizza, Italien; † 14. September 1712 in Paris), ab 1673 auch Jean Dominique Cassini I. genannt, war ein französischer Astronom und Mathematiker italienischer Herkunft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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