Gioacchino Antonio Rossini
Gioacchino Antonio Rossini
    Gioacchino Antonio Rossini
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Gioacchino Antonio Rossini
    Born 29 February, 1792, at Pesaro in the Romagna; died 13 November, 1868, at Passy, near Paris. He was twice married: in 1822 to Isabella Colbrand; in 1847 to Olympe Pélissier, who survived him, but he had no children.
    Rossini was not only the chief operatic composer of his time, but also a great innovator. Lesueur, in 1824, the greatest composer of the French school, said that "his ardent genius had opened a new road and marked a new epoch in musical art". In the opera seria for long recitatives he substituted more singing; in the opera buffa he inaugurated a new comedy style. He introduced many new instruments into the Italian orchestras. To him belongs the preghiera for a whole body of voices, as first introduced in "Mosè". He had a good baritone voice, and was an excellent pianist. In 1804 he had lessons in singing and pianoforte playing at Bologna. Two years later he acted as musical director to a traveling company, but soon returned to Bologna to study composition at the Lyceum. His first successes were at Venice and Milan. In 1813 he wrote "Tancredi", the first of his operas which, with "L'Italiana in Algeri", became celebrated throughout Europe. In 1816 and 1817 he composed for the Teatro Valle at Rome his happiest, if not his greatest work, "The Barber of Seville" and "Cenerentola". Meanwhile he had begun his career at the San Carlo in Naples, and wrote for this important opera-house in 1818 "Mosè", in 1819 "La Donna del Lago". In 1823 came "Semiramide", written for Venice, his last work in Italy; it was his thirty-fourth opera. In 1824 he spent the season in London, and at the first concert he himself sang the solo. The same year he undertook in Paris the direction, first of the Italian Opera, and then of the Académie. He wrote for Paris in 1829 "William Tell", his last and finest opera. Then followed the comparatively inactive period of his life, in which he ceased to write for the stage, but still produced in 1832 his well known "Stabat", in 1847 his "Stanzas" to Pius IX, in 1864 a "Messe Solennelle". In 1836 he went to live with his father at Bologna; but from 1855 till his death he was again in France.
    Edwards, The Life Of Rossini (London, 1869); Silvestri, Della Vita e delle opere di G. Rossini (Milan, 1874); Azevedo, Rossini, sa vie et ses oeuvres (Paris, 1864); Oettinger, Joachim Rossini (Lepizig, 1852).
    A. WALTER
    Transcribed by Ferruccio Germani

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Gioacchino Antonio Rossini — Gioachino Rossini Gioachino Rossini, Fotografie von Nadar Gioachino Antonio Rossini (* 29. Februar 1792 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gioacchino Antonio Rossini — (1792 1868) Italian composer who wrote many famous operas including The Barber of Seville …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Rossini, Gioacchino Antonio — • Article focusing on his musical innovations and his church music Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rossini,Gioacchino Antonio — Ros·si·ni (rō sēʹnē), Gioacchino Antonio. 1792 1868. Italian composer whose numerous operas include The Barber of Seville (1816) and William Tell (1829). * * * …   Universalium

  • Rossini, Gioacchino (Antonio) — born Feb. 29, 1792, Pesaro, Papal States died Nov. 13, 1868, Passy, France Italian composer. He sang in church and in minor opera roles as a child, began composing at age 12, and at 14 entered Bologna s conservatory, where he wrote mostly sacred… …   Universalium

  • Rossini, Gioacchino (Antonio) — (29 feb. 1792, Pesaro, Estados Pontificios–13 nov. 1868, Passy, Francia). Compositor italiano. Desde niño cantó en la iglesia y en papeles menores de ópera. A los 12 años de edad comenzó a componer y entró al conservatorio de Bolonia a los 14,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rossini, Gioacchino Antonio —  (1792–1868) Italian composer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • ROSSINI (G.) — On a écrit qu’entre Gluck et Wagner tout le drame musical est l’œuvre de Rossini. Il n’en faut pas sourire. On ne doit pas, en effet, mésestimer une œuvre pour laquelle Wagner professait la plus grande admiration. «Il restera de moi, disait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gioacchino Rossini — Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (29. februar 1792 13. november 1868), var en italiensk komponist som skrev mere end 30 operaer. Hans bedst kendte værk er Barberen i Sevilla …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Rossini — n. family name; Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (1792 1868), Italian composer who wrote many famous operas including The Barber of Seville …   English contemporary dictionary

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