Giambattista Piranesi
Giambattista Piranesi
    Giambattista Piranesi
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Giambattista Piranesi
    An Italian etcher and engraver, b. at Venice, 1720; d. in Rome, 9 Nov., 1778. His uncle Lucchesi gave him lessons in drawing, until in 1738 his father, a mason, sent him to Rome to study architecture under Valeriani and engraving under Vasi. He did not return except for a brief visit to his family. In 1741 he brought out a work on arches, bridges, and other remains of antiquity, a notable monument of black and white art; thereafter he opened a gallery for the sale of prints, chiefly his own. He was a rapid and facile worker and etched more than 2000 large plates, full of detail, vigour, and brilliancy. As a rule he drew directly on copper, and hence his work is bold, free, and spirited to a marked degree; his shadows are luminous, but at times there is too much chiaroscuro. The result is a dramatic alternation of black and white, and of light and shade, which deservedly won for him the name of "the Rembrandt of architecture".
    Skilful and artistic printing lent an added charm to his proofs, and the poor impressions that exist in western Europe come from plates that were captured by British warships during the Napoleonic wars. Some of the etchings in his twenty-nine folio volumes are on double-elephant paper, ten feet in length. While he achieved a work of magnitude in pictorial records of Roman monuments of antiquity and of the Renaissance, and gave immense archæological, antiquarian, and topographical value to this work, the artistic quality always predominates. He was fond of peopling his ruins with Callot-like figures, and "like Callot makes great use of the swelling line" (Hind). His plates ultimately came into the possession of the pope. Although not eminent as an architect he repaired among other edifices the church of S. Maria del Popolo, and the Priory of Malta, in which is a life-size statue to his memory. Piranesi married a peasant, and his children, Francesco and Laura, were of great assistance to him towards the end of his laborious life. Laura's touch strongly resembles that of her father. He was decorated with the Order of Christ and was made a member of the London Society of Antiquaries. His works are: "Roman Antiquities" (220 plates); Views of Rome (130 plates); Antique Statues, Vases and Busts (350 plates); Magnificence of the Romans (47 plates).
    DELABORDE, La Gravure (tr. London, 1886); HIND, A Short History of Engraving and Etching (London, 1908); HUNEKER, Promenades of an Impressionist (New York, 1910).
    LEIGH HUNT
    Transcribed by Gerald Rossi

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giambattista Piranesi — Giovanni Battista Piranesi Giovanni Battista Piranesi, auch Giambattista Piranesi (* 4. Oktober 1720 in Mogliano Veneto bei Treviso; † 9. November 1778 in Rom), war ein italienischer Kupferstecher, Archäologe, Architekt und Architekturtheoretiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Piranesi, Giovanni Battista — or Giambattista Piranesi born Oct. 4, 1720, Mestre, near Venice died Nov. 9, 1778, Rome, Papal States Italian draftsman, printmaker, architect, and art theorist. He went to Rome at 20 as a draftsman for the Venetian ambassador. After settling… …   Universalium

  • Giambattista — (as used in expressions) Bodoni Giambattista Marino Giambattista Giambattista Piazzetta Giambattista Piranesi Giambattista Tiepolo Vico Giambattista * * * …   Universalium

  • Giambattista — (as used in expressions) Bodoni, Giambattista Marino, Giambattista Giambattista Piazzetta Giambattista Piranesi Giambattista Tiépolo Vico, Giambattista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Piranesi, Giovanni Battista — o Giambattista Piranesi (4 oct. 1720, Mestre, cerca de Venecia–9 nov. 1778, Roma, Estados Pontificios). Dibujante, grabador, arquitecto y teórico del arte italiano. Se trasladó a Roma a los 20 años de edad donde se desempeñó como dibujante del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Piranesi, Giambattista — • Italian etcher and engraver (1720 1778) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Piranēsi — Piranēsi, Giambattista, ital. Zeichner und Kupferstecher, geb. 4. Okt. 1720 (nach andern 1707) in Venedig, gest. 1778 in Rom, bildete sich daselbst und in Neapel zum Zeichner und Kupferstecher aus und war abwechselnd in Venedig und Rom tätig. Er… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Piranesi — Piranesi, Giambattista, Architect u. Kupferstecher, geb. 1707 zu Rom, gründete daselbst eine Kunsthandlung und machte sich verdient durch sein Prachtwerk über die alten Denkmäler Roms; st. 1778. Sein Sohn, Francesco P., geb. 1756 zu Rom, setzte… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Piranesi — [pir΄ə nā′zē; ] It [ pē΄rä ne′zē] Giambattista [jäm΄bät tē′stä] 1720 78; It. architect & engraver …   English World dictionary

  • Giambattista Piranese — Giovanni Battista Piranesi Autoportrait de Giovanni Battista Piranesi …   Wikipédia en Français

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