Georges-Etienne Cartier
Georges-Etienne Cartier
    Georges-Etienne Cartier
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Georges-Etienne Cartier
    A French Canadian statesman, son of Jacques Cartier and Marguerite Paradis, b. at St. Antoine, on the Richelieu, 16 Sept., 1814; d. in London 20 May, 1873. He studied at Montreal College (Sulpicians). During the Canadian rebellion (1837-38) he fought at the battle of St. Denis. Forced to cross the frontier, he was reported frozen to death in the forests of Vermont. He practised law successfully in Montreal. Elected for Verchères (1849), he followed Lafontaine and Baldwin, the founders of constitutional government in Canada. He was successively honoured with important seats in the Cabinet. Under the Union of the two Canadas (1841-67) he was four times Attorney-General of Lower Canada: in 1856, in 1857, with the leadership of his province; in 1858 as Premier of Canada, and in 1864. After the confederation (1867) he was Minister of Militia.
    The following important measures are mostly due to his influence: the Grand Trunk Railway (1852); the final settlement (1854) of the seigniorial (feudal) tenure, which had become an obstacle to agriculture and industry; Victoria Bridge (inaugurated in 1860); the judiciary decentralization of Lower Canada; the creation of normal schools (1857); the modification of the criminal laws (1864); the codification of civil laws (1865). To avert legislative union, detrimental to the nationality and faith of the French Canadians, Cartier concurred in effecting — as a remedy — the Confederation of Upper and Lower Canada (Ontario and Quebec) with the Maritime Provinces (Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). By his ability, energy, and patriotism, he succeeded in securing for his native province as a condition sine qua non a degree of autonomy and a parliamentary representation proportionate to its historical and political importance, and in safeguarding the rights of the English and French minorities respectively in the provinces of the former Union. Under the Confederation, he contributed to the building of the Intercolonial Railway, the acquisition of the North-West Territories, framing for Manitoba a constitution which respected the rights of minorities. He likewise shared in drawing British Columbia and Vancouver into the Confederation, and in realizing the Canadian Pacific Railway. Cartier was created a baronet in 1868.
    During twenty-five years he was the uncontested leader of his province in the struggle for equal rights. A man of indomitable energy, equally loyal to the catholic Faith, to his French-Canadian origin, and to the British Crown,, he directed his fellow-countrymen in the path of progress and prosperity, assuring to them the advantages of responsible government and a large share of influence in the councils of the nation.
    TURCOTTE, Le Canada sous l'Union (Quebec, 1872); Revue canadienne Montreal, 1873); Courrier du Canada (Quebec, 1873); TASSE, Discours de Sir Georges Cartier (Montreal, 1893).
    LIONEL LINDSAY
    Transcribed by Ted Rego Dedicated to Pierre Trudeau

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Georges-Etienne Cartier — George Étienne Cartier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cartier et George Étienne Cartier (ancienne circonscription fédérale). George Étienne Cartier, 1863 …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Sir Georges-Étienne Cartier — George Étienne Cartier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cartier et George Étienne Cartier (ancienne circonscription fédérale). George Étienne Cartier, 1863 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cartier, Georges-Etienne — • French Canadian statesman, son of Jacques Cartier and Marguerite Paradis, b. at St. Antoine, on the Richelieu, 16 Sept., 1814; d. in London 20 May, 1873 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cartier, Sir Georges Étienne — (1814 1873)    Md Associated with Macdonald in MacNab Taché ministry, 75; forms administration, 86 88; member of mission to England to confer with British government on Confederation, defence, reciprocity, etc., 120; acquisition of North West… …   The makers of Canada

  • George-Étienne Cartier — Sir George Étienne Cartier, Bart., KCMG, PC (September 6, 1814 ndash; May 20, 1873) was a French Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation. The English spelling of the name, George, instead of Georges, the usual French spelling, is explained …   Wikipedia

  • George-Etienne Cartier — George Étienne Cartier Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cartier et George Étienne Cartier (ancienne circonscription fédérale). George Étienne Cartier, 1863 …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • George-étienne cartier — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cartier et George Étienne Cartier (ancienne circonscription fédérale). George Étienne Cartier, 1863 …   Wikipédia en Français

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