Franz Wilhelm, Count von Wartenberg
Franz Wilhelm, Count von Wartenberg
    Franz Wilhelm, Count von Wartenberg
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Franz Wilhelm, Count von Wartenberg
    Bishop of Osnabrück and Cardinal, eldest son of Duke Ferdinand of Bavaria and his morganatic wife Maria Pettenbeckin, born at Munich, 1 March, 1593; died at Ratisbon, 1 December, 1661. He was educated by the Jesuits, at Ingolstadt (1601-8), and at the Germanicum in Rome (1608-14). In 1621 he became manager of the governmental affairs of the Elector Ferdinand of Cologne, who appointed him president of his council and brought him to the Diet of Ratisbon in 1622. On 26 Oct., 1625, he was elected Bishop of Osnabrück, receiving papal approbation 25 April, 1626. The Catholic Faith in Osnabrück was then in a deplorable condition. The three preceding bishops had been Protestants (Protestantism) and had replaced most of the Catholic priests by Protestant (Protestantism) preachers. Cardinal Eitel Friedrich, who succeeded them, endeavoured to restore the Catholic religion but soon died. With the help of Tilly Wartenberg took possession of his see (12 March, 1628), which had been occupied by Danish soldiers. He began the work of Counter-Reformation with great zeal; drove the Protestant (Protestantism) preachers from the city and restored the churches to the Catholics. He eliminated the anti-Catholic element from the city council; took the system of education into his own hands; turned the former Augustinian convent over to the Jesuits whom he engaged as teachers at the Gymnasium Carolinum; restored various religious communities and established new ones; held synods and visitations, enforced the Tridentine decrees where possible and, in 1631, founded a university which, however, was destroyed by the Swedes in 1633.
    Wartenberg was commissioned with the execution of the Edict of Restitution (1629) in Lower Saxony, and was elected later to the provostry of the collegiate church of Bonn. He was chosen Bishop of Verden (1630), Minden (1631), and appointed Vicar Apostolic of Bremen by Innocent X (1645). In 1633 Osnabrück capitulated to the Swedes and Wartenberg had to yield his see to Gustavus of Wasaburg, an illegitimate son of Gustavus Adolphus. During his forced exile, Wartenberg, who had not yet received any of the major orders, was ordained priest and consecrated bishop at Ratisbon in 1636. In 1641 he went to Rome and upon his return was elected Coadjutor Bishop of Ratisbon cum jure successionis, succeeding on 9 April, 1650. In the negotiations of the Peace of Westphalia (1645-8) he represented the Catholic electors. Though preventing the intended secularization of his see by the Swedes, he had to yield to the stipulation that after his death the See of Osnabrück should be alternately administered by a Protestant (Protestantism) and by a Catholic bishop. Wartenberg was to keep the See of Osnabrück, but the Sees of Verden, Minden, and Bremen fell into the hands of Protestants (Protestantism), Wartenberg, however, retaining spiritual jurisdiction over them. On 18 Dec., 1650, he took possession of the See of Osnabrück and laboured to restore the Catholic religion. On 5 April, 1661, he was created cardinal-priest by Alexander VII.
    GOLDSCHMIDT, Lebensgesch. des Kard. Priesters Franz Wilhelm (Osnabruck, 1866); MEURER, Franz Wilhelm in Mittheilungen des hist. Vereins zu Osnabruck, X, XI, XXI; FORST, Politische Korrespondenz des Grafen F. W. von Wartenberg aus den Jahren 1621-31 in Publikationen aus den k. preussischen Staatsarchiven, LXVIII (Leipzig, 1897).
    MICHAEL OTT
    Transcribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to the memory of Cardinal Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wartenberg, Franz Wilhelm, Count von — • Bishop and cardinal (1593 1661) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Franz Wilhelm von Wartenberg — Franz Wilhelm, Count von Wartenberg (born at Munich, 1 March1593; died at Ratisbon, 1 December1661) was a Bavarian Catholic Bishop of Osnabrück, expelled from his see in the Thirty Years War and later restored, and at the end of his life a… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste von Pseudonymen — Hier ist eine Liste bekannter Pseudonyme. Inhalt und Konventionen Die Liste soll alphabetisch nach den Pseudonymen sortiert sein. Die Einträge sollen formatiert sein, um Übersichtlichkeit zu gewährleisten. Namensverkürzungen (z. B. Rudi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Michaela von Habsburg — Spouse Eric Teran d Antin (m. 1984, div. 1994) Count Hubertus von Kageneck (m. 1994) Issue Marc Teran d Antin Carla Teran d Antin Justin Teran d Antin Full name Michaela Maria Madeleine Kiliana Habsburg Lothringen House House of Habsburg Lorraine …   Wikipedia

  • Monika von Habsburg — Duchess of Maqueda and Santangelo Spouse Luis de Casanova Cárdenas y Barón, Duke of Santangelo Issue Baltasar de Casanova y Habsburgo Lorena Gabriel de Casanova y Habsburgo Lorena Rafael de Casanova y Habsburgo Lorena Santiago de Casanova y… …   Wikipedia

  • Peace of Westphalia — Treaties of Osnabrück and Münster Ratification of the Peace of Münster (Gerard ter Borch, Münster, 1648) Type Peace treaty …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des chevaliers de l'ordre de la Toison d'or — Le collier de l’ordre de la Toison d’or L ordre de la Toison d or est un ordre de chevalerie séculier fondé en janvier 1430 par Philippe le Bon à Bruges lors des festivités données à l occasion de son mariage avec sa troisième épouse, Isabelle de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prince-Bishopric of Osnabrück — The Prince Bishopric of Osnabrück was a prince bishopric centered on the Roman Catholic Diocese of Osnabrück. The diocese was erected in 772 and is the oldest see founded by Charlemagne, in order to Christianize the conquered stem duchy of Saxony …   Wikipedia

  • The Thirty Years War —     The Thirty Years War     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Thirty Years War     The Thirty Years War (1618 48), though pre eminently a German war, was also of great importance for the history of the whole of Europe, not only because nearly all… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Minister President of Prussia — This article is part of the series Politics of Prussia Minister President of Prussia German General Staff Prussian Minister of War Forei …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”