Fabian Birkowski
Fabian Birkowski
    Fabian Birkowski
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Fabian Birkowski
    Polish preacher, b. at Lemberg, 1566; d. at Cracow, 1636. He completed his studies at the University of Cracow, where he also began to teach philosophy in 1587. After having taught there for five years he entered the Dominican Order (1592), and devoted himself for some time to a deeper study of theology. Thereupon he began his career as a preacher in the church of the Holy Trinity at Cracow where the king attended Divine worship. During fourteen years his fame as a preacher drew immense crowds. Sigismund III was much attached to him and often consulted him on matters temporal and spiritual. He induced Birkowski to follow the court when it was transferred to Warsaw. He also appointed him court-preacher to his son Wladislaw. In the crusades of 1617 and 1618 against Turkey, Russia and Walachia, the friar took no small part, and some of his best sermons were delivered to the soldiers. Two years before his death he retired to his monastery and never left it save to preach on some great occasion or in behalf of charity. Birkowski is considered one of the greatest orators of Poland. His contemporaries spoke of him as the "Sarmatian Chrysologus", and posterity has not found anyone superior to him in purity of diction in the sixteenth century. He uses Scripture quotations very often, though he also refers frequently to Virgil, Horace and Homer, and among letter writers to Justus Lipsius. He has no respect for the learning and temper of Erasmus. Of his sermons only a few have been published. There are three volumes of sermons for Sundays and Holy Days, besides panegyrics on St. Josaphat, Sigismund III, his wife Constantia, and sermons on the Blessed Virgin delivered in camp.
    QUÉTIF AND ECHARD, Script. Ord. Præd., II, 542; MECHERZYNSKI, Hist. Wymowy w Polasce, II 325-329.
    THOS. M. SCHWERTNER
    Transcribed by Wojciech Gurak Dedicated to my grandfather, Wojciech Gurak

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fabian Birkowski — (1566 in Lwów December 9, 1636 in Kraków, Poland) was a Polish writer and preacher. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02578b.htm Fabian Birkowski] Catholic Encyclopedia article] Fabian was educated at the Krakow Academy in 1585 where he later… …   Wikipedia

  • Fabian — Infobox Given name 2 gender = masculine related names = FabienFabian is the English form of the late Roman name Fabianus . This was the name given to freed (emancipated) slaves which originally belonged to a Roman family with the family… …   Wikipedia

  • Birkowski, Fabian — • Polish preacher, b. at Lemberg, 1566; d. at Cracow, 1636 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • December 9 — << December 2011 >> Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa 1 2 …   Wikipedia

  • 1636 — Year 1636 (MDCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 10 day slower Julian calendar). Events of 1636 January June * February 24 King… …   Wikipedia

  • 1636 in literature — The year 1636 in literature involved some significant events.Events*Thomas Hobbes visits Florence. *On January 31, the King s Men perform Shakespeare s Julius Caesar at St. James s Palace. They perform Othello at Court on December 6. *James… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Polish language authors — List of Polish language authorsNotable Polish novelists, poets, playwrights, historians and philosophers, listed in chronological order by year of birth:* (ca. 1465 after 1529) Biernat of Lublin * (1503 1572) Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski *Polish… …   Wikipedia

  • 9 de diciembre — << Diciembre >> Do Lu Ma Mi Ju Vi Sa 1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Skarga — Skarga, Peter, der »poln. Chrysostomus«, geb. 1536 zu Grodziek in Masovien, trat in den Jesuitenorden, wirkte mit Wujek u.a. dem Protestantismus mit Erfolg entgegen, wurde Hofprediger Sigismunds III. u. st. 1612 zu Krakau. Als Kanzelredner steht… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Хмелецкий, Стефан — Стефан Хмелецкий укр. Стефан Хмелецький польск. Stefan Chmielecki …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”