Dionysius
Dionysius
    St. Dionysius
     Catholic_Encyclopedia St. Dionysius
    Bishop of Corinth about 170. The date is fixed by the fact that he wrote to Pope Soter (c. 168 to 176; Harnack gives 165-67 to 173-5). Eusebius in his Chronicle placed his "floruit" in the eleventh year of Marcus Aurelius (171). When Hegesippus was at Corinth in the time of Pope Anicetus, Primus was bishop (about 150-5), while Bacchyllus was Bishop of Corinth at the time of the Paschal controversy (about 190-8). Dionysius is only known to use through Eusebius, for St. Jerome (De viris ill., xxvii) has used no other authority. Eusebius knew a collection of seven of the "Catholic Letters to the Churches" of Dionysius, together with a letter to him from Pinytus, Bishop of Cnossus, and a private letter of spiritual advice to a lady named Chrysophora, who had written to him.
    Eusebius first mentions a letter to the Lacedaemonians, teaching orthodoxy, and enjoining peace and union. A second was to the Athenians, stirring up their faith exhorting them to live according to the Gospel, since they were not far from apostasy. Dionysius spoke of the recent martyrdom of their bishop, Publius (in the persecution of Marcus Aurelius), and says that Dionysius the Areopagite was the first Bishop of Athens. To the Nicomedians he wrote against Marcionism. Writing to Gortyna and the other dioceses of Crete, he praised the bishop, Philip, for his aversion to heresy. To the Church of Amastris in Pontus he wrote at the instance of Bacchylides and Elpistus (otherwise unknown), mentioning the bishop's name as Palmas; he spoke in this letter of marriage and continence, and recommended the charitable treatment of those who had fallen away into sin or heresy. Writing to the Cnossians, he recommended their bishop, Pinytus, not to lay the yoke of continence too heavily on the brethren, but to consider the weakness of most. Pinytus replied, after polite words, that he hoped Dionysius would send strong meat next time, that his people might not grow up on the milk of babes. This severe prelate is mentioned by Eusebius (IV, xxi) as an ecclesiastical writer, and the historian praises the tone of his letter.
    But the most important letter is that to the Romans, the only one from which extracts have been preserved. Pope Soter had sent alms and a letter to the Corinthians:
    For this has been your custom from the beginning, to do good to all the brethren in many ways, and to send alms to many Churches in different cities, now relieving the poverty of those who asked aid, now assisting the brethren in the mines by the alms you send, Romans keeping up the traditional custom of Romans, which your blessed bishop, Soter, has not only maintained, but has even increased, by affording to the brethren the abundance which he has supplied, and by comforting with blessed words the brethren who came to him, as a father his children.
    Again:
    You also by this instruction have mingled together the Romans and Corinthians who are the planting of Peter and Paul. For they both came to our Corinth and planted us, and taught alike; and alike going to Italy and teaching there, were martyred at the same time.
    Again:
    Today we have kept the holy Lord's day, on which we have read your letter, which we shall ever possess to read and to be admonished, even as the former one written to us through Clement.
    The testimony to the generosity of the Roman Church is carried on by the witness of Dionysius of Alexandria in the third century; and Eusebius in the fourth declares that it was still seen in his own day in the great persecution. The witness to the martyrdom of Sts. Peter and Paul, kata ton auton kairon, is of first-rate importance, and so is the mention of the Epistle of Clement and the public reading of it. The letter of the pope was written "as a father to his children".
    Dionysius's own letters were evidently much prized, for in the last extract he says that he wrote them by request, and that they have been falsified "by the apostles of the devil". No wonder, he adds, that the Scriptures are falsified by such persons.
    JOHN CHAPMAN
    Transcribed by Christine J. Murray

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dionysius — Dionysius. I. Fürsten: A) von Syrakus. 1) D. I. od. der Ältere, aus Syrakus, war der Sohn des Hermokrates u. 431 v. Chr. geboren. Er focht in dem Kriege der Syrakusaner gegen die Carthager, bes. bei Agrigent, u. wurde von seinen Mitbürgern zum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Dionysius — Dionysius,   Papst (259/260 267/268), ✝ Rom 26. 12. 267 (oder 268); baute die römische Gemeinde nach der Verfolgung unter Valerian wieder auf und verteidigte die Trinitätslehre gegen Auffassungen des Bischofs Dionysius von Alexandria, dem er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Dionysius — [dī΄ənish′əs, dī΄ənis′ē əs, dī΄ənī′sē əs] n. 1. 430? 367 B.C.; Gr. tyrant of ancient Syracuse (405 367): called the Elder 2. 395? 340? B.C.; Gr. tyrant of Syracuse (367 356; 347 343): son of Dionysius the Elder: called the Younger …   English World dictionary

  • Dionysius — (Diniz der Gerechte), König von Portugal, Sohn König Alfons Ill. und der Beatrix von Aragonien, geb. 9. Okt. 1261 in Lissabon, gest. 7. Jan. 1325, gelangte 16. Febr. 1279 zur Regierung. Als er dieselbe mit dem Widerruf aller von seinem Vater der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dionysius — Dionysĭus, zwei Tyrannen von Syrakus. D. der Ältere schwang sich aus einfachen Verhältnissen zum Feldherrn und um 405 v. Chr. zum Tyrannen von Syrakus empor, ein kluger und tätiger, bisweilen auch rücksichtsloser und grausamer Herrscher; sein Hof …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dionysius — exiguus, d.h. der Winzige, war ein Skythe, der in einem Kloster Roms als Mönch lebte und zwischen 550–560 st. Er berechnete das Geburtsjahr Christi und begründete so unsere christliche Zeitrechnung, die Aera Dionysiana, welche im 11. Jahrh.… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Dionysius — The Graeco Roman name Dionysius, deriving from the name of the Thracian god Dionysus, was exceedingly common, and many ancient people, famous and otherwise, bore it. It remains a common name today in the form Dennis (Denys, Denis, Denise). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Dionysius — Folgende Personen namens Dionysios (oder Dionysius) sind bekannt (in zeitlich aufsteigender Reihenfolge): Dionysios I. von Syrakus, Tyrann (430–367 v. Chr.) Dionysios II. von Syrakus, Tyrann (367–344 v. Chr.) Dionysios von Herakleia (* um 360 v.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DIONYSIUS — I. DIONYSIUS Corinth. terram versu descripsit. An. fil. Diogenis? II. DIONYSIUS Corinthior. Praesul sub M. et L. Antoninis, vit doctrinâ et sanctitate clarus, scripsit epistolas quasdam valde laudatas. Hieron. Pinyt. graviter monuit, ne grave… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Dionysius — /duy euh nish ee euhs, nis , nish euhs, nuy see euhs/, n. 1. ( the Elder ) 431? 367 B.C., Greek soldier: tyrant of Syracuse 405 367. 2. Saint, died A.D. 268, pope 259 268. * * * (as used in expressions) Dionysius Lardner Boursiquot Dionysius I… …   Universalium

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