Diocese of Montefiascone
Diocese of Montefiascone
    Diocese of Montefiascone
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Diocese of Montefiascone
    (MONTIS FALISCI)
    Located in the province of Rome. The city is situated nearly 2000 feet above sea-level, on a tufa mass that overlooks the Lake of Bolsena; it is famous for its wine. The town is of Etruscan origin and was called Faliscodunum. Some believe that it is the ancient Fanum Voltumnæ. For the Faliscans, and later for the popes, it was a most important strategic position; Gregory IX fortified it in 1235 against Frederick II, but the town surrendered to that prince in 1240, and thenceforth never regained its earlier importance. The castle, now in ruins, was restored by Leo X. The cathedral is the work of Sammicheli (1519). Outside the city, on the road to Bolsena, is the famous double basilica of San Flaviano, the lower portion of which dates from 1030, while the upper basilica, dating from 1262, presents the interesting feature of alternating ogive and round arches. There also is the tomb of that famous drinker whom the wine of Montefiascone brought to his death (Est, Est, Est), and who, contrary to report, was neither a canon nor one of the Fugger family of Augsburg. Montefiascone is the birthplace of the poet Giambattista Casti, who died in 1802. This city, originally in the Diocese of Bagnorea, was made an episcopal see in 1369; its first bishop was the French Augustinian Pierre d'Anguiscen (1376), a partisan of the antipope Clement VII. In 1435 the see was united with that of Corneto, and so remained until, in 1854, Corneto became a part of the Diocese of Civitavecchia.
    Among its bishops were Alessandro Farnese (1499), later Paul III; the two brothers and Cardinals Paolo Emilio Zacchia (1601) and Ludovico Zacchia (1605), both of whom did much for the building of the cathedral; Cardinal Paluzio Albertoni Altieri (1666), founder of the seminary and restorer of the cathedral, which was damaged by a fire in 1670; the learned Cardinal M. Antonio Barbarigo (1687), who was transferred later to Padua; he gave great assistance after the earthquake of 1695; Cardinal Pompeo Aldobrandini (1734); the learned Giuseppe Garampi (1776), who gave its library to the seminary, and Cardinal Giovanni Sifredo Manzy (1794); the attitude of this prelate towards Napoleon was not imitated by his clergy, who therefore suffered imprisonment and exile. The diocese is directly dependent on the Holy See; it contains 18 parishes, 74 secular priests, 21 regulars, 26,147 inhabitants, 3 religious houses of men, 14 of women, and 3 convent schools for girls.
    CAPPELLETTI, Le Chiese d'ltalia (Venice, 1887); DE ANGELIS, Commentario storico-critico su l'origine e le vincende di Montefiascone (Montefiascone, 1841).
    U. BENIGNI.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diocese of Montefiascone — The diocese of Montefiascone is a Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Italy. It was created from the diocese of Bagnorea in 1396, and in 1986 was united into the diocese of Viterbo, Acquapendente, Bagnoregio, Montefiascone, Tuscania e San… …   Wikipedia

  • Diocese of Viterbo and Toscanella —     Diocese of Viterbo and Toscanella     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Diocese of Viterbo and Toscanella     (VITERBIENSIS ET TUSCANENSIS).     The city of Viterbo in the Province of Rome stands at the foot of Monte Cimino, in Central Italy, in an… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Diocese of Bagnoregio — The diocese of Bagnoregio is a former Roman Catholic territory in Lazio, Italy. History According to tradition, St. Ansanus preached the Gospel here in the third century and the church of Santa Maria delle Carceri outside the Alban Gate was said… …   Wikipedia

  • Diocese of Acquapendente — The Italian Roman Catholic diocese of Acquapendente was an ecclesiastical territory in Umbria, seated at Acquapendente Cathedral. It existed from 1649, when it was created in the place of the suppressed diocese of Castro, to 1986, when with other …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Viterbo — The Roman Catholic diocese of Viterbo is a Catholic ecclesiastical territory in central Italy. It was called historically (from the 12th century) the diocese of Viterbo e Tuscania. Its name was changed to diocese of Viterbo, Acquapendente,… …   Wikipedia

  • Montefiascone Cathedral — Basic information Region Lazio Architectural description Architectural type …   Wikipedia

  • List of titular sees — This is an incomplete list of titular sees of the Roman Catholic Church. There are over 2,000 titular sees. A*Abaradira *Abari *Abbir Germaniciana *Abbir Maius *Abdera *Abercornia *Abernethia *Abidda *Abila in Palaestina *Abila Lysaniae *Abitinae …   Wikipedia

  • List of Italian basilicas — The following is a list of 531 Roman Catholic basilicas in Italy, listed by diocese.The date of creation as a basilica is in brackets.AcerenzaAcerenza*Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta (1956)AcerraSanta Maria a Vico*Santa Maria Assunta… …   Wikipedia

  • Pompeo Aldrovandi — infobox cardinalbiog name = Pompeo Cardinal Aldrovandi †| | See = Diocese of Montefiascone | Title = Archbishop Bishop of Montefiascone, (Emeritus), Cardinal priest of Sant Eusebio | Period = July 9, 1734 mdash;January 6, 1752 | cardinal = March… …   Wikipedia

  • Camillus Tarquini —     Camillus Tarquini     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Camillus Tarquini     Cardinal, Jesuit canonist and archaeologist, b. at Marta in the diocese of Montefiascone, Italy, 27 Sept., 1810; d. at Rome, 15 Feb., 1874. Tarquini entered the Society of… …   Catholic encyclopedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”