Cristobal de Castillejo

Cristobal de Castillejo
Cristobal de Castillejo
    Cristóbal de Castillejo
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Cristóbal de Castillejo
    Spanish poet, b. in Ciudad Rodrigo (Salamanca), 1491; d. in Vienna, 12 June, 1556. From the age of fifteen he was attached to the person of the younger brother of the Emperor Charles V, the Infante Ferdinand, who subsequently became King of Bohemia and Hungary, and eventually Emperor of Germany. He lived for many years in Austria as secretary to that prince, and late in life took ecclesiastical orders, retiring to a monastery near Vienna where he passed the remainder of his days. Castillego was the champion of the old school of Spanish verse as opposed to the Italian measures recently introduced by Boscan, seconded by Garcilasso de la Vega. He vigorously opposed the innovation, maintaining and demonstrating in his writings that the old metres were amply competent for the expression of all sentiments. When he did use the villancicos, canciones, and other measures of the new school, it was only to attack and ridicule the innovators.
    As a poet he was distinguished for purity of language, grace, fluency, and humour, the latter quality abounding in his "Dialogue between Himself and His Pen". He used satire with simplicity and ease, and, at times, freely and boldly. Some of his satires, notable the "Sermon on Love" and the "Dialogue on the Condition of Women", were so offensive to the clergy that the Inquisition prohibited the publication of his poems until they had been expurgated. Among his other works are the fanciful "transformation of a Drunkard into a Mosquito" and a satire addressed "To those who give up the Castillian measures and follow the Italian". His poems are divided into three books devoted to love; conversation and pastime; moral and religious verses. In 1573 a collection of the "Works of Castillejo Expurgated by the Inquisition" was published in Madrid, which was one of the first books printed in that city. The most complete edition is that published by Ramón Fernandez (Madrid, 1792).
    VENTURA FUENTES
    Transcribed by Gerald M. Knight

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • Cristóbal de Castillejo — (1491 – June 12, 1556) was a Spanish poet, contemporary of Garcilaso de la Vega and Juan Boscán, who championed the use of traditional forms of Spanish poetry and criticized the use of Italianate forms such as the sonnet. Some of his work… …   Wikipedia

  • Cristóbal de Castillejo — (Ciudad Rodrigo, 1490 Viena, 1550), fue un poeta español, representante máximo en la primera fase del Renacimiento español de la reacción tradicionalista frente a la adaptación de los metros italianos que llevaron a cabo Garcilaso de la Vega,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CASTILLEJO, Cristobal de — (c. 1490 1550) Cristobal de Castillejo, a poet of the Spanish Renaissance, led the poets of the traditional school in opposition to Italian innovations favored by their con­temporaries. Born in Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain, Castillejo dedicated his life …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Cristóbal de la Sierra — is a village and large municipality in the province of Salamanca, western Spain, part of the autonomous community of Castile Leon. Coordinates: 40°28′N 5°53′W /  …   Wikipedia

  • Castillejo, Cristóbal de — • Spanish poet, b. in Ciudad Rodrigo (Salamanca), 1491; d. in Vienna, 12 June, 1556 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Castillejo, Cristóbal de — ▪ Spanish poet born 1490?, Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain died , probably June 12, 1550, Vienna       poet who was the foremost critic of the Italianate innovations of the Spanish poet Garcilaso de la Vega and the Catalan poet Juan Boscán.       While… …   Universalium

  • Castillejo, Cristóbal de — ► (1490? 1550) Poeta español del Renacimiento. Su producción literaria ha sido agrupada en obras «de amores», grupo al cual pertenece El sermón de amores (1540); «de conversación y pasatiempo», entre las que destaca el Diálogo que habla de las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Castillejo — puede referirse a: Diminutivo despectivo de Castillo (desambiguación) Castillejos, localidad de Marruecos Batalla de los Castillejos, denominada así por la localidad Ducado de los Castillejos, denominado así por la batalla Marquesado de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Castillejo —   [kasti ʎexo], Cristóbal de, spanischer Dichter, * Ciudad Rodrigo um 1490, ✝ Wien 12. 6. 1550; im Dienst König Ferdinands I. ab 1525 in Wien, kurze Zeit auch Zisterziensermönch. Schrieb und verteidigte die traditionelle spanische Lyrik gegen die …   Universal-Lexikon