Claude Perrault
Claude Perrault
    Claude Perrault
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Claude Perrault
    Born at Paris, 1613; died there, 1688. He built the main eastern façade of the Louvre, known as the "Colonnade". His extraordinary talent and versatility brought up on him much enmity and detraction, especially in his architectural work. He achieved success as physician and anatomist, as architect and author. As physician and physicist, he received the degree of doctor from the University of Paris, became one of the first members of the Academy of Sciences founded in 1666, and repeatedly won prizes for his thorough knowledge of physics and chemistry. He was the author of a series of treatises on physics and zoology, as well as on certain interesting machines of his own invention.
    Colbert induced him to translate Vitruvius, and this work inspired him with enthusiasm for architecture. Like his contemporary, Blondel, he contributed to revive the feeling for the rules and principles in architecture. His Vitruvius with a good commentary and tables appeared in 1673, and an epitome of it in 1674. The same aims were pursued in his "Ordonnance des cinq espèces des colonnes selon la méthode des anciens" (1683). Perrault's architectural drawings are regarded as excellent pieces of work; before the burning of the Louvre in 1871 there were preserved there, besides his drawings for the Vitruvius, two folio volumes containing among other things the designs for the Louvre, which had been published by the master's brother, Charles Perrault.
    In his completed buildings, much fault is found, e.g. in the Observatoire, the astronomical observatory of Paris, although in certain parts we find traces of his later mastery. Perrault's design for a triumphal arch on Rue St-Antoine was preferred to the designs of Lebrun and Leveau, but was only partly executed in stone. When the arch was taken down, it was found that the ingenious master had devised a means of so uniting the stones without the use of mortar that it had become an inseparable mass. In the competition for the colonnade of the Louvre he was successful over all rivals, even Bernini, who had been summoned from Italy expressly for that purpose. This work claimed his attention from 1665 to 1680, and established his reputation. He was required to demonstrate the feasibility of his plans by constructing a model. Perrault is reproached with lacking in consideration for the work of his predecessors, and with positively depreciating the same. The whole palace could not be completed at the time, but the colonnade became widely celebrated. The simple character of the ground floor sets off the Corinthian columns, modelled strictly according to Vitruvius, and coupled on a plan which Perrault himself devised. Perrault built the church of St-Benoît-le-Bétourné, designed a new church of Ste-Geneviève, and erected an altar in the Church of the Little Fathers, all in Paris.
    BERTY, Les grands architectes français (Paris, 1860); LANCE, Dict. des architectes français (Paris, 1873); VON GEYMÜLLER, Die Baukunst der Renaissance in Frankreich (Stuttgart, 1898-1901).
    G. GIETMANN
    Transcribed by Thomas J. Bress

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Claude Perrault — (* 25. September 1613 in Paris; † 9. Oktober 1688 ebenda) war ein bedeutender französischer Architekt, Kunsttheoretiker, Altphilologe, Mediziner und Naturwissenschaftler. Er war der Bruder des Dichters und Kunsttheoretikers …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Perrault — Born 25 September 1613 Paris Died 1688 Paris Nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Claude Perrault — ( * París, 25 de septiembre de 1613 ibíd. 9 de octubre de 1688) fue un célebre arquitecto, físico, mecánico, médico y naturalista francés, miembro de la Academia de Ciencias. Fue hermano de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Claude Perrault — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Perrault. Claude Perrault …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Claude Perrault — Claudio Perrault (1613 1688). Célebre arquitecto, físico, mecánico, médico y naturalista francés, miembro de la Academia de Ciencias. Sus obras más notables son: La columnata del Louvre; La capilla de Nuestra Señora de Navona, en la iglesia de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • PERRAULT (CLAUDE) — PERRAULT CLAUDE (1613 1688) Médecin, savant et architecte, Claude Perrault fait partie de ces esprits universels dont le XVIIe siècle offre de nombreux exemples. On lui doit des contributions pleines d’intérêt, parfois même décisives, dans des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Perrault (disambiguation) — Perrault may refer to:* Celeste Perrault, a fictional character in Days of our Lives * Perrault (horse), a British bred Champion Thoroughbred racehorsePeople with the surname Perrault:* Charles Perrault (1628 1703), French author * Claude… …   Wikipedia

  • PERRAULT (C.) — Le plus énigmatique des grands classiques français a revendiqué la paternité de la colonnade du Louvre, mais non celle des Histoires, ou Contes du temps passé , publiées anonymement en 1697, précédées d’une dédicace de son troisième fils, Pierre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Perrault — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charles Perrault (1628–1703), französischer Märchendichter Claude Perrault (1613–1688), französischer Architekt, Altphilologe, Mediziner und Naturwissenschaftler Dominique Perrault (* 1953), französischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Perrault — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Perrault puede hacer referencia a: Charles Perrault, escritor francés; Claude Perrault, arquitecto y científico francés (1613 1688), hermano del anterior; Gilles Perrault, escritor y periodista francés; Dominique… …   Wikipedia Español

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